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    • Idby: 0014358F907011B7
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    • Broad period: ROMAN
    • Object type: QUERN

  • Thumbnail image of DEV-6E1733

Record ID: DEV-6E1733
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Devon
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete carved stone quern dating to the late Iron Age - Roman period, c. 100 BC to AD 200. The upper part of the quern survives. It is broadly circular in plan, with a roughly hewn circular central aperture through which grain could be inserted onto the grinding surface measuring 82.1mm in diameter. The sides rise steeply, tapering inwards towards the central opening but retaining a rounded appearance as they rise and curve, forming a steep sided dome. There is a deep groove which runs around the entire circumference of the circle approximately 33.7mm up from its base, and the …
Created on: Thursday 11th July 2019
Last updated: Wednesday 7th August 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Paignton', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: NMS-A17B83
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Less than half of the lower stone of a Roman Millstone Grit quern. All of the edge has been lost. Weight 2.330kg. Extant diameter 320mm. Thickness 22 - 38mm. Diameter of central hole 18 - 25mm. Mid 1st - 4th century AD.
Created on: Wednesday 19th June 2019
Last updated: Thursday 20th June 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BH-0CA616

Record ID: BH-0CA616
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Hertfordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A fragment of pudding stone, probably from a Roman quern. The fragment is an irregular trapezoidal shape but clearly has one curved outer surface and one deliberately flat inner surface that is probably the grinding surface. The stone is comprised of a collection of reddish-brown coloured pebbles held together by a natural white-coloured cement consisting of silica and sand. The fragment measures 125mm in length, a maximum of 102mm in width and a maximum of 55mm in thickness. It weighs 87.87 grams.
Created on: Tuesday 19th March 2019
Last updated: Thursday 9th May 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-F873CA

Record ID: SOM-F873CA
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: North Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a Roman hand-turned rotary quern. About one eighth of the upper stone survives, including part of the outer edge: the inner point of the wedge may be at the central hole but is too incomplete and abraded to be certain. Assuming this is the central hole, and given the curve of the outer edge, the complete diameter is estimated to be at least c. 500mm but this is tentative given the small section of outer edge surviving and the wear on the broken corners. Convex upper face with roughly dressed surface and worn rounded corners, vertical or slightly convex outer side , flat low…
Created on: Tuesday 23rd October 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 10th April 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-A00AD6

Record ID: SOM-A00AD6
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: North Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete hand-turned rotary quern stone of Roman date (c. AD 43 - 410). About half of the upper stone (in two fragments) and a quarter of the lower stone survive. One upper fragment was found in 2015 and one in 2018. The upper stone has a convex upper face with rounded outer edge. It has a oncave lower face rising towards the centre. On the upper face there is a slight raised lip around the central hole and around a U-shaped handle indent. The lower stone has a convex upper face with rounded corners and flat lower. There is considerable wear on both grinding surfaces with no dres…
Created on: Wednesday 4th May 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 10th April 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Kingston Seymour', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-C59823

Record ID: PUBLIC-C59823
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a rotary quern of probable Roman date. Made from medium to fine grain sandstone with evidence of fine inclusions. The fragment is part of the lower half of the quern and does not extend to the middle hole, so the dimensions of the entire stone are uncertain. The quern stone is flat on the lower side with a convex rounded edge with the lower facebeing wider than the inner side. The upper surface has a groove of approximately 40mm wide extending to the outer edge, presumably to allow the flow of ground flour. The surviving edge is dressed. It is 150mm long, and a maximum o…
Created on: Wednesday 14th November 2018
Last updated: Friday 1st March 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-949982

Record ID: SOM-949982
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Dorset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of quern-stone of probably Roman date. The fragment is sub triangular in shape and it is a segment of a circular millstone, from the central perforation to the outer edge. The upper face is rough and slightly convex. Traces of a central circular hole on the millstone remains on one side of the fragment. This hole measures 14.7 mm in deep before sinking further for 29 mm to the central perforation of millstone.The lower face is flat and has had minimal working. The whole piece measures 136.1 mm in length, 159.7 mm in width, in thickness 44.5 mm at the centre and 57.2 mm alon…
Created on: Friday 31st August 2018
Last updated: Monday 3rd September 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'West Stour CP', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: NMS-1BDC54
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a Late Iron Age to Roman Hertfordshire puddingstone quern, a chip (thickness 16mm) with a small part of the outer face, weight 43g, c.10 - c.160 AD
Created on: Friday 20th July 2018
Last updated: Friday 20th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NARC-AC03FA

Record ID: NARC-AC03FA
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Northamptonshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A incomplete probable Beehive quern of Roman date (AD 43-200). The object is the upper half of a beehive quern. The stone is dome-shaped, with a fluted upper surface with a central circular perforating, to facilitate the attachment of this portion to the lower half of the quern. A section of the lower edge of the object is missing and there is no clear indication of the side perforation. This aspect my have been lost or obscured by the break. There are portions missing to the upper edge and the lower is heavily abraded. Unmalted grain would have been poured into the vertical perforati…
Created on: Tuesday 15th May 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 16th May 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LON-C12085

Record ID: LON-C12085
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Greater London Authority
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete Roman quern-stone made from Mayen lava dating from AD50-410. The fragment represents approximately half the original quern. This is an unusually small quern and would have been for domestic use. Only one surface is finished and that is the grinding surface, it has been worked to form grooves that radiate out from the center hole. Dimensions: length: 22.2mm; thickness: 63.85mm; weight: 2565g. A similar lava quern on the database is LON-3156E8 and LON-BC5DC6. Identification by Jackie Keily, Curator, Museum of London. Crawford and Roder (1955:68) write "Niedermendig has …
Created on: Wednesday 17th May 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 24th April 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-B04B68

Record ID: WILT-B04B68
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
An incomplete Roman puddingstone beehive quern stone, dating to the period AD 1-150 There are a few types of Puddingstone, Green (2017) suggests that it is French and has been imported. A possible suggestion for this importation is that the stones used for this conglomerate are extremely hard, so hard over in Hertfordshire that it was very difficult to use, but due to its tough exterior, it produced almost grit free flour, therefore a much demanded product (Green 2017). French stones are earlier than Hertfordshire products, and were in fact the basis of a whole industry, as it spre…
Created on: Monday 20th February 2017
Last updated: Monday 19th February 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-37F9BC

Record ID: WILT-37F9BC
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment (consisting of roughly one half) of the upper stone of a Roman stone rotary hand mill or quern c AD 43 - 410. The quern appears to be formed from Old Red Sandstone, which would fit with the local geology of the findspot. The edge along the break reveals the presence of pebbles of other minerals within the rock which will wear at different rates. It measures 350.00 mm in diameter and is c145.00 mm at its widest point. The quern is slightly convex on the upper face; at its outside edge it is 86 mm thick, thinning to c 55 mm at the centre. The lower surface is flat. The surfac…
Created on: Wednesday 28th June 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 17th January 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-B604C9

Record ID: WILT-B604C9
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment (consisting of roughly one quarter of the upper stone of a stone rotary hand mill or quern dating to the period AD 43-410. The quern appears to be formed from greensand stone, which would fit with the local geology of the findspot. The quern is slightly convex on the upper face, the lower surface is flat. The object measures 201mm in maximum length and 48mm thick.
Created on: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Last updated: Thursday 21st December 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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Record ID: SF-800392
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete fragment originating from a Quernstone of late Iron Age or Roman date, c. 1-160 AD. The grinding face of the fragment is smooth and slightly concave, while the upper section is highly irregular due to breakage. It has been manufactured from puddingstone, a distinctive conglomerate containing rounded red flint pebbles within a siliceous matrix, the main sources of which lie in Hertfordshire. Preserved in fairly fresh condition, it survives to a length of 88.47mm, 50.38mm thick, and weighs 364g. Research carried out by Major in Essex suggests that puddingstone rotary q…
Created on: Tuesday 14th March 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 19th December 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Combs', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of WAW-9A8B77

Record ID: WAW-9A8B77
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Worcestershire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Iron Age to Roman (possibly -200 to AD 400) probable re-used quern fragment: The stone is probably sandstone with fine to medium sized inclusions which are rounded, white and pink coloured. The base is a sub-trapezoid with broken and abraded edges. The base is worn flat and smooth. In section the quern is a sub semi-circle. On side face is also worn quite smooth, but has fine linear striations. This face is forms a right-angled to the base. The remaining surface of the possible quern is rough. It measures 62.94mm long, 74.66mm wide across the smooth side face and 38.72mm thick. It…
Created on: Monday 13th November 2017
Last updated: Monday 13th November 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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Record ID: SOMDOR-74CA61
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Dorset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
2 burnt fragments of pudding stone quern of probable Roman date.
Created on: Wednesday 26th July 2006
Last updated: Friday 20th January 2017
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-E4114D

Record ID: LANCUM-E4114D
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Nearly complete upper half of a Roman beehive quern, probably dating from the 2nd century AD. The stone is very heavy and dome-shaped with a very worn, but probably formerly fluted upper surface. The bottom is flat. Only a small part is missing, but the central perforation as well as the side hole for the wooden handle are still present. Unmalted grain would have been poured into the vertical perforation at the top whilst there would have been a wooden handle in the horizontal hole for turning the quern stone on top of the lower stone. The rotary quern used circular motions to grind t…
Created on: Thursday 5th January 2017
Last updated: Friday 6th January 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Bootle', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-66B075

Record ID: WILT-66B075
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Incomplete upper stone of a Roman stone quern. The underside (darker in colour) is slightly concave, while the outer (lighter in colour) is convex. Estimated measurements based on image are: Diameter 425mm, external diameter of central hole 10mm, internal diameter of central hole 7.5mm.
Created on: Thursday 15th July 2004
Last updated: Wednesday 2nd November 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-8F7377

Record ID: WILT-8F7377
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
1 fragment of lava quern, upper stone, max.60mm in thickness, diam c.310mm.
Created on: Thursday 29th January 2004
Last updated: Wednesday 2nd November 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'West Lavington', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: SF-F1D072
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A wedge-shaped piece of quernstone of probable Roman, or later date. It is of grey lava, with a curved outer edge bearing tool marks, 50.83mm in thickness, tapering to 18mm in thickness at the opposite edge,(which would be towards the centre of the quern). It measures 51.44mm in length and 25.44mm in width. It weighs 1041g.
Created on: Monday 6th November 2006
Last updated: Tuesday 13th September 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Ousden', grid reference and parish protected.


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