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    • Idby: 0013EB7C1E6011AC
    • Institution: NLM
    • Primary material: Stone

  • Thumbnail image of NLM-C8C5B9

Record ID: NLM-C8C5B9
Object type: POLISHER
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Salmon coloured pebble, possibly quartzite [non-specialist identification by MF]; rubber or polisher. A small oval-ended pebble which is neatly broken at one end, and rubbed or polished flat there. The object is smoothed by handling as well as by wear on this working face. The casual use of glacial erratics as smoothers and sharpeners is especially characteristic of later Prehistory into the early medieval period. However, a hammer stone in a superficially similar material was reported along with this object bearing the traces of its use in flintworking, and promotes an extension of th…
Created on: Thursday 27th September 2018
Last updated: Thursday 27th September 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Binbrook', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-A2591B

Record ID: NLM-A2591B
Object type: HAMMERSTONE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Coarse-grained pink quartzite [non-specialist identification by MF] possible hammer stone, as kindly suggested by the finder. An oval pebble with flat sides, possibly formed and smoothed by rolling in water or by Aeolian 'desert glossing', with one flat and three battered zones around its edge, the latter revealing crystalline structures. The object appears attractive and may well have been selected, perhaps from glacial drift, for its fleshy colour. The localised abrasion could have arisen from relatively light hard hammer working, a technique especially characteristic of the Neolithi…
Created on: Tuesday 25th September 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 25th September 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Swinhope', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-5E7D81

Record ID: NLM-5E7D81
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Pale grey stone polished axe fragment. A trapezoid flake which has spalled from the side or cutting edge of a polished stone axe head. The smooth finish and homogenous fabric might point to this being from a Group 6 axe made of tufa from Langdale, Cumbria. Suggested date: Early to Mid Neolithic, 4000-2700 BC. Length: 38.1mm, Width: 26.5mm, Thickness: 3.6mm, Weight: 5.37gms
Created on: Monday 23rd July 2018
Last updated: Monday 23rd July 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Barnetby le Wold', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-74889D

Record ID: NLM-74889D
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Grey-green stone possible muller. A rounded possibly water-rolled pebble with a dull and speckled surface appearance, possibly with worn and in one case slightly concave faces, well-adapted to hold in the hand. This object was recovered as distinctively different from the local stones, and as such is probably a manuport [i.e. brought to the site by human agency]. Such stones might be retrieved as glacial erratics, and lent themselves to uses as rubbers, grinders and burnishers. They are noted particularly from contexts between the Iron Age and the Early Medieval period, though as a fie…
Created on: Thursday 12th July 2018
Last updated: Thursday 12th July 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Low Burnham', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-11BD2A

Record ID: NLM-11BD2A
Object type: HAMMERSTONE
Broad period: MESOLITHIC
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Brown fine-grained sandstone water-rolled cobble, hammerstone. An oval cobble with an ancient chip towards one end, subsequently smoothed by wave, water or erosive wind action. The narrower end bears a zone measuring c.50mm by c.40mm of tiny indentations which appear pale r and rougher than the rest of the surface. The finder credibly suggests this to result from the use of this object as a hard hammer to work flint, and the object was indeed reported along with a range of flint-working debris. As most of this accompanying material is ascribed a Late Mesolithic date, this seems apt he…
Created on: Thursday 8th March 2018
Last updated: Thursday 8th March 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Bracebridge Heath', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-D6615D

Record ID: NLM-D6615D
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Stone possible whetstone. A small dense compact dark grey pebble of triangular section with rounded ends and sharply defined arises between its flat faces, probably initially formed by wind erosion in a dusty or icy environment. One side, however, is lightly hollowed, probably by wear arising from use as a sharpening stone, and handling may have contributed to the smooth finish of other surfaces. The use of improvised whetstones, often recovered from Glacial Drift, was characteristic of a long period from Prehistory, through the Roman period, and up to the Viking Age introduction of s…
Created on: Wednesday 21st February 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 21st February 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Low Burnham', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-450DED

Record ID: NLM-450DED
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Grey-green stone polished axehead fragment. A thin sliver chipped - probably by plough-strike - from a polished stone axe, probably of Langdale Group 6. A small patch of the polished surface remains on one side along with more extensive fracture surfaces; it has a curved edge, though whether this points to an origin from close to the cutting edge remains uncertain. Suggested date: Neolithic, 4000-2350 BC. Length: 35.6mm, Width: 27.6mm, Thickness: 4.9mm, Weight: 6.29gms.
Created on: Wednesday 14th February 2018
Last updated: Friday 13th April 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Low Burnham', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-979034

Record ID: NLM-979034
Object type: LINEN SMOOTHER
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Stone probable linen smoother. Fine compacted sandstone water-rolled pebble, collected, utilised and glossed by wear, more markedly on one side than the other. The size, fitted well to the hand, and the wear, resemble those characteristic of linen smoothers. These were made especially from glass in the Anglo-Scandinavian period, or from suitably fine-grained stones. They were used as rubbers to smooth linen in the later stages of its manufacture. Suggested date: Early Medieval, 850-1100. Diameter: 76mm, Thickness: 22.5mm, Weight: 192.87gms
Created on: Monday 13th November 2017
Last updated: Monday 13th November 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'near Market Rasen', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-33479A

Record ID: NLM-33479A
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Brown igneous stone; polished axe fragment. A large chip comprising about half the cutting edge and a short length of one side of a polished stone axe. The upper or lower edge is flattened, giving a facetted edge to a lentoid section. The other edges are broken unevenly with jagged fracture surfaces. The finder kindly suggests the brownish tint to be different from that of the commonly reported Langdale axes, though these can appear in a range of colours; the object would require thin section to clarify its geological origin. Suggested date: Neolithic, 4000-2350 BC. Length: 63.5mm, He…
Created on: Friday 27th October 2017
Last updated: Friday 13th April 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Barnetby le Wold', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-099E03

Record ID: NLM-099E03
Object type: BEAD
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fossils. A pair of fossil sponges, one spherical and one oval, both with longitudinal apertures of diameter 4mm, are of natural origin. However, these are known to have been collected and curated in Prehistory, particularly in Bronze Age graves. The date range of activity in the vicinity extends the period at which these might have been collected, curated or utilised. Suggested date: Unknown, Late Mesolithic to Bronze Age, 7000-800BC. Combined Weight: 4.42gms
Created on: Friday 13th October 2017
Last updated: Friday 13th October 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Barnetby le Wold', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-F7D023

Record ID: NLM-F7D023
Object type: AXEHEAD ROUGHOUT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Grey-green stone possible polished axe roughout. An oval pebble of biconvex lentoid section with opposed curving edges, one more regular than the other, and with a rough and uneven surface. The finder kindly suggests this to be a possible Neolithic polished axe head fragment, though the rough surface would be more likely on a later stone 'battle axe' or maul. The form and profile are, however, reminiscent of a polished axe head. This stone might have been recovered from glacial Drift rather than from one or other of the attested sources of polished axes. Associated worked flints were …
Created on: Thursday 12th October 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 1st November 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Low Burnham', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-B42056

Record ID: NLM-B42056
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Stone quern fragment. A tiny sub-pyramidal fragment of a coarse conglomerate rock with quartz and grey rock inclusions in a buff matrix with one smoothed face - taken to be the working face of a grinding stone - and broken on all other sides. The very limited survival leaves it uncertain whether this was from a thin round stone, one of a pair, or from a heftier beehive quern. Suggested date: Unknown, Iron Age to Early Medieval, 800BC-AD1000. Thickness (in excess of): 50mm, Weight: 114.61gms
Created on: Monday 9th October 2017
Last updated: Monday 9th October 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Amcotts', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-FEC0CD

Record ID: NLM-FEC0CD
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: North East Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Compacted Sandstone water rolled cobble, probable whetstone; a sparkling surface indicates the presence of mica or other abrasive constituents in a sandy matrix, and hence suitability as a sharpening stone. This large sub-triangular flat-sided stone has one large flat surface smoothed and dished by wear. Other surfaces are unmodified, though scratches from plough strike appear on all. The use of improvised hones is characteristic of a long period from later Prehistory to the Viking Age. A rock of this size might be used to sharpen large tools such as a scythe or spade iron. It may have…
Created on: Wednesday 6th September 2017
Last updated: Monday 30th July 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'East Ravendale', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-804A3E

Record ID: NLM-804A3E
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: North East Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Grey-green fine grained compact Sandstone, possible whetstone fragment, as kindly suggested by the finder. A small and probably water-rolled pebble of sub-rectangular section, possibly dished by wear on one of its wider flat faces, but with no other trace of utilisation. Rounded, probably naturally, at one end, and broken at the other; subsequently abraded. This may be a small or personal hone improvised from a chance discovery from glacial Drift. The use of varied improvised hones, rubbing stones and smoothers was common from later Prehistory to the Middle Saxon period. Suggested dat…
Created on: Thursday 31st August 2017
Last updated: Thursday 31st August 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Laceby', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-800F98

Record ID: NLM-800F98
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: North East Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine-grained compact grey possibly Sandstone with occasional sparkling flecks on its sides; whetstone, as kindly identified by the finder. The material has a superficial resemblance to the volcanic Greenstone used to make Neolithic group 6 axes, and specialist examination of the broken surface might determine whether such an axe may have been reworked and reused in this case. At all events, this is now a straight-sided bar-shaped hone of rectangular section, rounded at one end and broken at the other. All flat surfaces are lightly dished by wear towards the centre of the object; a fac…
Created on: Thursday 31st August 2017
Last updated: Thursday 31st August 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Laceby', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-0027FD

Record ID: NLM-0027FD
Object type: PENCIL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Slate pencil. A round section rod with chatter marks along a flattened facet, probably machined but worn smooth elsewhere; broken at both ends. This would be a typical item of schoolroom equipment from the later 19th century into the early 20th. Suggested date: Post-Medieval to Modern, 1875-1925. Length: 33.9mm, Diameter: 5mm, Weight: 1.70gms
Created on: Friday 25th August 2017
Last updated: Friday 25th August 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Walcot', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-9B4225

Record ID: NLM-9B4225
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Grey green tuff polished axehead fragment. A small chip or spall from the cutting edge of a greenstone polished axehead, with more of the stone on one side of the edge than the other. A flat and polished facet one side of the fragment marks the limit of the cutting edge, and indicates that the axe head whence it derives had flattened upper and lower edges. Suggested date: Neolithic, 4000-2700 BC. Length: 23.7mm, Height: 23.2mm, Thickness (of this chip rather than the axe): 6.4mm, Weight: 5.57gms
Created on: Thursday 27th July 2017
Last updated: Friday 13th April 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-BC44C5

Record ID: NLM-BC44C5
Object type: POLISHER
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Stone rubber or polisher. A four-sided pyramidal object of regular form, and with corners and the aris between each pair of adjoining faces rounded, possibly by heavy wear or prolonged immersion. The object is of an off-white tint. Under the hand lens, the surface has occasional rounded pits, and rare spots - six were counted - of white metal of up to c.0.5mm diameter. The former are fairly evenly distributed but the latter are more commonly situated close to the smoothed arises. The spots of metal may suggest a use as a burnishing or finishing tool, and their bright metallic colour h…
Created on: Thursday 22nd June 2017
Last updated: Thursday 22nd June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-93903B

Record ID: NLM-93903B
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Cornish Gabbro polished stone axehead, as identified by the finder with reference to advice kindly offered by Mike Boyd, emeritus Keeper of Natural History for Hull Museum. A lentoid section polished axe with a curving cutting edge at its widest part, tapering slightly to a rounded butt. A slight chip on one side has been smoothed in antiquity. This might have been damage associated with the hafting of the axehead. Suggested date: Neolithic, 4000-2350 BC. Length: 117mm, Width: 72.9mm, Thickness: 35.1mm, Weight: [in slight excess of] c.500gms
Created on: Thursday 8th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 13th April 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Swinhope', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-7FA566

Record ID: NLM-7FA566
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Lead and stone whetstone fragment. The broken end of a fine-grained grey layered stone, possibly a slate but resembling a 'phyllite', with a neatly-cut square section groove around its narrower end, and another at right angles to this on either side. The broken end of the hone has been sheathed in lead, which has held its parts together. The hone may have broken across the site of an original suspension hole. There is a probably drilled transverse hole in the end of the lead sheathing which would replace it. This is an unusual example of the repair of a personal hone so it could be co…
Created on: Friday 26th May 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 30th May 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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