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    • Createdby: 844
    • Created after: Sunday 1st January 2012
    • Created before: Tuesday 15th May 2012
    • Primary material: Stone

  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-27A028

Record ID: LANCUM-27A028
Object type: TOMBSTONE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Roman sandstone tombstone fragment carved in the shape of a bull which is late 1st to 2nd century AD. It is 250mm long with a width of 170mm approx. It is possibly related to the Legion VI Vitrix from a cemetery site overlooking and adjacent to a Roman road from which other tombstone fragments are known. Recent renovation work on a barn-wall, involving the removal of plaster rendering, has revealed a bull's head, sculpted from red sandstone. See also LANCUM-279651, LANCUM-277A53 and LANCUM-273C82 for related finds.
Created on: Tuesday 15th May 2012
Last updated: Tuesday 15th January 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'CUNNINGARTH', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-279651

Record ID: LANCUM-279651
Object type: TOMBSTONE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Roman sandstone tombstone fragment carved in the shape of a pine cone from a cemetery site overlooking and adjacent to a Roman road from which other tombstone fragments are known possibly late 1st to 2nd century AD. The length is 430mm and width 300mm. See also LANCUM-27a028, LANCUM-277A53 and LANCUM-273C82 for related finds.
Created on: Tuesday 15th May 2012
Last updated: Tuesday 15th January 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'CUNNINGARTH', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-277A53

Record ID: LANCUM-277A53
Object type: TOMBSTONE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Roman sandstone tombstone from a cemetery site overlooking and adjacent to a Roman road from which other tombstone fragments are known. The inscription appears to military and relatively early possibly late 1st to 2nd century AD. The length is 560mm, the width 340mm and the thickness 50mm. See also Lancum-279651, Lancum-27A028 and Lancum-273C82 for related finds. The inscription reads:- ]XVIIII A[ ]MACVV[ • ]AIVR[ ]ONIV[ ]DVMO[ •
Created on: Tuesday 15th May 2012
Last updated: Tuesday 28th August 2012
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'CUNNINGARTH', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-273C82

Record ID: LANCUM-273C82
Object type: TOMBSTONE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Roman sandstone tombstone from a cemetery site overlooking and adjacent to a Roman road from which other tombstone fragments are known probably dating to the late 2nd century AD. As regards the date of the tombstone, the three upper entries are for men of the gens Aurelia, which presumably points to enfranchisement of the family in the reign of Marcus Aurelius, perhaps at the completion of military service in an auxiliary unit. It could even be that some of the 5, 500 Sarmatians sent to Britain during the reign of Marcus Aurelius (Dio Cassius History of Rome 72.16, 2), were posted…
Created on: Tuesday 15th May 2012
Last updated: Tuesday 28th August 2012
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'CUNNINGARTH', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-0E9AA1

Record ID: WILT-0E9AA1
Object type: ROOF TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A probably complete, but with worn edges, sub-hexagonal stone roof tile found in association with Roman material. The edges are longer than the ends, both of which are V shaped. There is a perforation for a nail (5.75mm diameter) towards one edge of the V at one end. Measures c.360mm in length, max.c.220mm in width and c.28mm thick. It weighs in excess of 1kg (maximum allowance of scales available). Roof tiles such as these are common on Roman sites, but continue in use into the 19th century.
Created on: Monday 14th May 2012
Last updated: Monday 14th May 2012
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Tisbury', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NARC-D40182

Record ID: NARC-D40182
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Bedford
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of drak brown stone with high percentage og quartzite and grit inclusions. Rectangular in section, and trapezoidal in plan due to the breaks, the lowers srface is uneven and broken, while the upper surface is smooth and slightly concave. The basic form of the upper surface and nature fo the stone suggest that this may be a fragment of quern stone of Roman date. Several quernstones can be found on this database for comparison.
Created on: Friday 11th May 2012
Last updated: Friday 11th May 2012
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NARC-CE63C6

Record ID: NARC-CE63C6
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Bedford
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete stone axehead. Oval shaped in section, the rounded but and blade ends are missing. One side has laminated away, and a large section missing from approximately 50% of the opposite side. The widest edge is 62mm and the narrowest end is 46mm. It is 11mm thick and 102mm long. It weighs 154.6g. This is possibly a Graig Lwyd Group VII axe, due to the the white speckle on a blue-grey matrix that is typical of that rock type.
Created on: Friday 11th May 2012
Last updated: Friday 11th May 2012
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NMS-B7AF84

Record ID: NMS-B7AF84
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Isle of Anglesey
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Stone axehead. Pointed oval section, rounded butt expanding with slightly convex sides to a curved cutting edge from which a large recent chip is missing. Polished over most of the surface, large chip / damage on one face at butt end. Length 192mm. Maximum width 79.5mm. Maximum thickness 46mm. From photographs, John Williams, National Museum Wales, comments "I'm pretty certain it is a Graig Lwyd Group VII axe - the patina looks the type and more important the fresh scalp has the white speckle on a blue-grey matrix that is typical of the rock type. Confirmation would have to be by …
Created on: Thursday 10th May 2012
Last updated: Thursday 10th May 2012
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Pentraeth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Image not taken

Record ID: NARC-A65590
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Northamptonshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a quern stone of Early Roman date. Roughly triangular in shape with a bevelled outer edge. the stone is pinkish in colour, with large quartzite grit inclusions.
Created on: Wednesday 9th May 2012
Last updated: Wednesday 9th May 2012
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-924BC2

Record ID: NLM-924BC2
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Volcanic Tufa, probably Langdale Greenstone Polished Axe fragment. Splinter from the cutting edge of a greenstone polished axe head, probably Group 6, comprising an area spalled from one face, and a very limited extent from the adjacent face. The angle between the faces is unusually sharp. This may indicate manufacture or use as an adze, for which a different action is required - this suggestion was kindly offered by Brian Kearsley. Alternatively, it may arise from heavy wear, or from the previous breakage and reshaping of an axe-head. Suggested date: Neolithic, 3500-2100 BC. Leng…
Created on: Tuesday 8th May 2012
Last updated: Tuesday 10th July 2012
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-90E627

Record ID: NLM-90E627
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cream coloured Fossiliferous Limestone Possible Rubber. Sub-triangular flat stone, smoothed on upper and lower surfaces and along two edges. This object was recovered as a possible miniature axe-head, a function for which the material is unsuitable. However, its flat smoothed form may be the result of either a natural processes - such as erosion in water - or utilisation. It resembles a pumice stone smoother, an item supplied in recent times for cosmetic use as a rubber to remove dead skin; pumice stone inserts were also used in pincushions to sharpen points. Such uses may have bee…
Created on: Tuesday 8th May 2012
Last updated: Thursday 13th September 2012
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NCL-7A9551

Record ID: NCL-7A9551
Object type: PENCIL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Northumberland
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A stone pencil of Post-Medieval to Modern date, c. 1700-present. The pencil is incomplete,and probably much worn. It is square in section and sub-retangular in plan, with one end worn to a tapered point.
Created on: Monday 7th May 2012
Last updated: Tuesday 8th May 2012
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CAM-3BF965

Record ID: CAM-3BF965
Object type: BEAD
Broad period: UNKNOWN
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fossil sponge known as Poroshpaera, which are known to have been used in the early Bronze Age as stone beads. Kenneth Oakley's paper, published in an early volume of Antiquity, titled 'The Folklore of Fossils' discusses their use. Identified by Kevin Leahy and confirmed by Mr Paul Ensom, formally of the Natural History Museum. The spherical fossil measures: weight is 2.43g, height (where perforation is vertical) 12.54mm, diameter is 13.51mm and the circular perforation has a diameter of 3.92mm. It is impossible to tell if a Porosphaera fossil has been used as a bead unless it was …
Created on: Friday 4th May 2012
Last updated: Thursday 15th November 2012
No spatial data available.


  • Image not taken

Record ID: LIN-278052
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A whetstone made of schist or Norweigian ragstone. The surface is very fine and contains high quantities of small refractive ?quartz. The stone is rectangular in plan and in cross-section, broken at one end and with a circular hole drilled through the other. The hole is hour-glass shaped.
Created on: Thursday 3rd May 2012
Last updated: Thursday 3rd May 2012
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'near Sleaford', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-C647F2

Record ID: LANCUM-C647F2
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: MESOLITHIC
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A small (diameter c20mm) stone ball formed out of a hard grey sedimentary stone with visible bedding planes. It was found eroding out of an mid to late mesolithic strata. It has had its sphericity augmented by pecking and rubbing. Its purpose is unknown but it looks like a sling stone. It weighs 7.4 grms. Probably dates to between c8300 to c2900 BC. None of the very scarce comparable records has yet had a purpose ascribed to it. Numerous microliths, mesolithic debitage and material up to the Bronze Age, has been found on the site. see LANCUM-0F97C8 for further notes on this site.
Created on: Saturday 28th April 2012
Last updated: Wednesday 20th February 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Briercliffe', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-A830D0

Record ID: SOM-A830D0
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Part of a stone pebble, a micaceous metamorphic rock. It seems to be a natural pebble, oval in section, thickening and widening towards the broken end. The complete end is rounded. It is slightly curved in profile with a concave top and convex base. There appears to be some use polish on the concave top. It is 84.0mm long, 56.7mm wide at the break and 40.4mm thick; it weighs 225 grams. It is not a local rock but pebbles of many types of rock are found locally in rivers and estuaries brought in by water and glacial action. Whetstones are known to have been used from the Bronze Age o…
Created on: Friday 27th April 2012
Last updated: Friday 27th April 2012
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Cossington', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-A52C63

Record ID: LANCUM-A52C63
Object type: ROUGHOUT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Large middle to late Neolithic axehead roughout made from a Cumbrian Group VI Langdale tuff dating from ca. 3500-2500BC. The roughout is in very good condition, with only little modern damage. It had been found by a farmer in a field and used as a doorstop on the farm for several decades. The roughout is thin-butted, double convex in section and has one crudely rounded and one almost rectangular end: the latter one would have been shaped into the blade. It expands in plan from both the butt and the blade end to reach its maximum width about midway along its length. Other recor…
Created on: Friday 27th April 2012
Last updated: Friday 22nd April 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Sunderland', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NCL-9714A3

Record ID: NCL-9714A3
Object type: SCULPTURE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Newcastle upon Tyne
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A worked stone of the Roman period, dating from the 2nd-3rd centuries. The stone depicts a probably female head in the Romano-British style, with a head on a neck in relief on a rectangular base. There is no background panel behind the head, with the upper figural portion being sub-triangular in shape with a flat(ish) front face and a gently sloping reverse. The face is relatively flat with eyes and nose in low relief on a U-shaped head in very stark relief. Damage below the nose has removed the mouth to the jaw. The stone has weathered, but there is some evidence for defined ears t…
Created on: Thursday 26th April 2012
Last updated: Tuesday 1st May 2012
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LON-8DC9F7

Record ID: LON-8DC9F7
Object type: MACE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Greater London Authority
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A Neolithic stone polished, banded perforated object or 'mace-head' dating c. 2,900 - 2,100BC. The mace-head is rectangular in plan with rounded ends and an oval cross-section. There is an hour-glass perforation located approximately one third along its length. The carving of the mace-head has been worked so the natural banding of the stone forms transverse stripes. When the mace-head was discovered it was covered in, as the finder describes it, a limescale concretion which came off as he rubbed his thumb over it. This was probably Thames 'race'. There is a patch of black near the dis…
Created on: Thursday 26th April 2012
Last updated: Friday 9th February 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LON-7F3887

Record ID: LON-7F3887
Object type: AXE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Kent
Workflow stage: Published Find published
An incomplete neolithic ground/polished stone axe. The axe is a flattened hexagon in section, with each ridge polished down towards a pointed oval shape and fully polished on both sides. The axe has suffered from various damage and losses; at the butt there is a recent chip but also an older removal or chip, which has been polished over in antiquity. At other end, the cutting edge has been completely removed in one large fracture and on one face there are two connected surface fractures with unpolished ripple marks within. On the other face the axe has been angled inwards towards the …
Created on: Wednesday 25th April 2012
Last updated: Wednesday 20th March 2013
Spatial data recorded.


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