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    • Created by: Robert Webley
    • Direction: asc
    • County: Somerset
    • Primary material: Copper alloy
    • Broad period: MEDIEVAL

  • Thumbnail image of SOM-E96F91

Record ID: SOM-E96F91
Object type: COIN WEIGHT
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy weight for a half Ryal (Rose Noble). The weight is circular and flat with a raised design on one side only. The design is of the king with sword and square topped shield standing in a ship with rectangular bow and stern and a rose on the side of the ship. It is 14.2mm in diameter, 3.2mm thick and weighs 3.55 grams, 54.8 grains. A full weight half ryal would have weighed 60 grains (Withers and Withers 1995, 68) but weights were normally made to the legal minimum weight which was slightly less and can lose weight through corrosion processes, the edges of this example…
Created on: Friday 5th April 2013
Last updated: Friday 3rd May 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chedzoy', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-D30122

Record ID: SOM-D30122
Object type: THIMBLE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A medieval sheet copper-alloy domed thimble with sloping sides, now squashed. There are multiple circular drilled or punched pits in slightly irregular concentric circles on the sides and top. Just above the base, below the pits, is an incised line. The thimble is 25.15mm long and 17.2mm wide in its squashed state; it weighs 5.15g, but this weight included mud. The thimble is probably late medieval in date (AD 1400-1500). It was probably used for light duty sewing (Egan 1998, 265).
Created on: Tuesday 16th April 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 17th April 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-D32860

Record ID: SOM-D32860
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Medieval - post-medieval cast copper-alloy single loop buckle frame, missing its pin. The loop is oval with flattened edge acting as the pin/strap bar. The loop is D shaped in section with a flat back. All the way around the front are deeply incised, regular spaced diagonal lines creating a crude ropework. The frame is 30.1mm long and 28.3mm wide; it weighs 5.71 grams. A similar frame is illustrated by Whitehead (2003, 25), no.122 which he dates to c.1450-1550 AD
Created on: Tuesday 16th April 2013
Last updated: Tuesday 16th April 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-D5DC02

Record ID: SOM-D5DC02
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A copper-alloy late medieval annular buckle frame with central strap bar. The outer face of one side is decorated with incised grooves, forming lobes in between. The other loop has two constrictions on the outer edge, with a lobe at either side, the area between containing multiple transverse grooves. The front is bevelled internally and externally while the back is flat. The frame measures 31.2mm long, 27.3mm wide and 3.2mm; it weighs 7.24 grams. A similar buckle is illustrated by Whitehead (2003, 46), no.266, and is dated to c.AD 1400-1500.
Created on: Tuesday 16th April 2013
Last updated: Tuesday 16th April 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-D63E54

Record ID: SOM-D63E54
Object type: SEAL MATRIX
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Medieval cast copper-alloy impersonal seal matrix. The matrix has a pointed oval face with a central design of a lion rampant standing right within a line border encircled by the legend. The legend appears to read * PROTA[...]R[...]. The legend starts with a star. The matrix has a central ridge running up most of the back which would have terminates in a loop; this last has been lost following an old break. This object 19.75mm long by 14.7mm wide and 3.3mm thick; a weight was not captured on the day.
Created on: Tuesday 16th April 2013
Last updated: Tuesday 16th April 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-D70CF2

Record ID: SOM-D70CF2
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Medieval or post-medieval plain cast copper-alloy double-loop buckle frame. The frame has two oval loops with bevelled outer and inner sides on the front; the back appears flat. The strap bar is narrowed with a triangular cross-section. The pin is missing but dark orange corrosion product at the pin bar shows that it would have been of iron. It is 24.9mm long, 20.3mm wide and 2.2mm thick, it weighs 3.0 grams. It is likely that simple forms like this were in use by c.1350 (Egan and Pritchard 1993:22, 82-3, cf no.332), and they continued into the 17th century.
Created on: Tuesday 16th April 2013
Last updated: Tuesday 16th April 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-E90C23

Record ID: SOM-E90C23
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Medieval cast copper-alloy buckle frame missing its plate and pin. The frame is oval with an offset and narrowed strap bar and offset outer edge recessed in the centre to take a sheet roller which survives in place. The outer edge has knops flanking the recessed centre. The upper and lower sides have a convex outer face. The frame is 19.5mm long, 4.75mm thick and 24.05mm wide and weighs 4.53 grams. Egan (2007, 95) illustrates a very similar example, no.590. He suggests (ibid:86) this type (Meols Type 11) dates to the medieval period (c.1250-1400 AD).
Created on: Wednesday 17th April 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 17th April 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-E93014

Record ID: SOM-E93014
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Medieval cast copper-alloy buckle frame. The frame is broadly 'D' shaped in plan, with a protruding pointed lip for the pin in the centre of the outer edge. The lip seems to have a notched centre for the pin to rest in formed by an incised line. The frame is broadly D-shaped in section with a flattened inner side. The strap bar is slightly offset and recessed. The pin is missing. The buckle measures 17.3mm long, 20.9mm wide and 3.3mm thick; it weighs 1.89g. Similar buckles are illustrated in Egan (2007:91) e.g. no.496-497. These examples are categorised as a Meols type 4 and it is …
Created on: Wednesday 17th April 2013
Last updated: Saturday 22nd October 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-E9F928

Record ID: SOM-E9F928
Object type: VESSEL
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Medieval cast copper-alloy vessel leg, c.1300-1500 AD, probably from a ewer (water jug). The leg has an elongated D-shaped cross-section with a rounded front and flat back. It has an old irregular break at the upper end. The oval foot projects forward and has a rounded end. It is 35.2mm tall, 23.3mm wide, 12.8mm thick; it weighs 38.06 grams. The foot would have been one of three on a complete vessel, which would have been used to hold water for hand-washing (Lewis 1987).
Created on: Wednesday 17th April 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 17th April 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-EA3777

Record ID: SOM-EA3777
Object type: SEAL MATRIX
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Medieval cast copper-alloy pedestal type seal matrix. The matrix has a circular face with a central design of a quatrefoil with frond like leaves. The impersonal legend around the design reads * LEL AMI AVET (you have a loyal friend). The legend starts with a star. The matrix has a pedestal type handle rising from the face in six facets, narrowing as it rises to a waist from which it expands out slightly before ending in a recessed, crude trefoil at the top, above a double collar.
Created on: Wednesday 17th April 2013
Last updated: Friday 3rd January 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-EB0FE6

Record ID: SOM-EB0FE6
Object type: THIMBLE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A copper-alloy domed thimble, probably of medieval date with angled sides and a domed top with a distinct carination between the sides and top. The thimble has small circular indentations arranged in slightly irregular lines down the sides and in a spiral around the top. There is a bare tonsure at the centre of the top. The sides are squashed in at the base and it is now 23.9mm long and 15.8mm wide; it is 17.6mm in height and weighs 8.31g.
Created on: Wednesday 17th April 2013
Last updated: Monday 22nd April 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-511921

Record ID: SOM-511921
Object type: THIMBLE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A broken and now incomplete copper-alloy domed thimble, probably of medieval date with angled sides; the top has been lost as a result of old damage and the sides squashed. The thimble has rectangular pits arranged in a spiral around the sides. The sides are squashed in and it is now 24.1mm long and 7.8mm wide; it is 17.7mm in height and weighs 5.44g.
Created on: Monday 22nd April 2013
Last updated: Monday 22nd April 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-7FA4E5

Record ID: SOM-7FA4E5
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A damaged and incomplete medieval buckle with integral hollow box plate cast in copper alloy (15th century AD). The frame is almost entirely missing apart from a very small part of the side at the junction. At the junction of frame and plate is an oval perforation. Retained in place is a long wire pin of circular cross-section, its tip bent to one side. It has corroded to a more red colour than the box plate and was of a different alloy. A thin, waisted element connects the frame and the trapezoidal plate. The box plate is hollow to accommodate the strap which was held in place by a p…
Created on: Wednesday 24th April 2013
Last updated: Monday 26th February 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Great Elm', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-802172

Record ID: SOM-802172
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Medieval buckle with elaborate openwork plate of heavily tinned copper alloy (c. 13th century AD). The frame is rectangular with a protruding lip at the centre of its outer edge with a groove to act as a pin rest. The pin itself is looped in situ around the frame but has been significantly truncated as a result of old damage. The plate is formed of a single thick sheet folded round on itself at the frame end. The lower fold is narrow compared to the upper, and far shorter, just long enough to incorporate the notched cut out for the pin while retaining integrity. The upper part of the f…
Created on: Wednesday 24th April 2013
Last updated: Friday 24th August 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Great Elm', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-912A35

Record ID: SOM-912A35
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A medieval cast copper-alloy single-looped buckle, missing its pin. The outer edge is widened and thickened, and tapers in thickness to the sides. It has slight lateral knops. There are three incised transverse grooves on the front of the outer edge in the centre, with further nicks to help define the knops. The top and bottom sides are slightly bowed in plan. The pin bar is very slightly narrowed and recessed. At the centre of its back is a prominent notch around which the pin would have looped. The frame is 16.2mm long, 13.8mm wide and 3.8mm (max.) thick, and 2.13g in weight. Gri…
Created on: Tuesday 7th May 2013
Last updated: Saturday 22nd October 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chedzoy', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-A63DE5

Record ID: SOM-A63DE5
Object type: DAGGER
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A copper-alloy dagger guard (quillon) of late medieval date (c. 15th century). It consists of a broadly lozengiform copper alloy bar which expands at either end and widens in the centre to accommodate a rectangular hole (now blocked) - this would have taken the tang of the dagger. Extending to one side and from either end of the main bar, are two joined arches (resembling an inverted number three). The object is plain but corroded. Where it survives the patina is grey in colour; the underlying metal is red/brown. The dagger guard is very similar to refs. 628 and 629, illustrated…
Created on: Thursday 1st August 2013
Last updated: Thursday 1st August 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Near Wells', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-B81C47

Record ID: SOM-B81C47
Object type: BOOK FITTING
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A large quatrefoil cruciform mount with central boss cast in copper alloy of medieval date. The base of the mount consists of four trefoil arms, each with a rivet hole in the centre; parts of three rivets survive in situ. The edge of the base is bevelled. The arms are arranged at the cardinal points around a circular domed central boss with a stepped base and small flattened top. The surface of the boss has flattened strips and file marks suggesting that the object has been turned. The reverse of the boss is hollow. The object has a mid-green shiny patina. One of the sides of one of th…
Created on: Friday 2nd August 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 19th December 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Wincanton', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-BD4210

Record ID: SOM-BD4210
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A copper-alloy medieval single-looped buckle with trapezoidal frame and folded sheet plate. The frame has slightly convex sides and rounded corners. The outer edge is narrowed at its centre to accommodate a folding sheet or roller which survives in place. The frame's bar is also narrowed and offset. The sheet plate is rectangular with slightly abraded edges. The lower half of the fold is both narrower and shorter than the upper half. They are connected an extant rivet at the attachment end. The frame end has recessed side to accommodate the frame; the gap afforded is generous. A perfo…
Created on: Friday 2nd August 2013
Last updated: Saturday 22nd October 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Near Frome', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-4BF091

Record ID: SOM-4BF091
Object type: SPUR
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A copper-alloy spur rowel in the shape of a five-pointed star. The arms are flattened oval in cross-section. There is central circular perforation through the body of the rowel through which the rivet attaching it to the spur would have travelled (Dia.: 3.3mm). Small grooves between the points around the hole help delineate them. The artefact is of a red-brown metal small patches of dark-yellow corrosion product. Such rowels are undiagnostic and a wide medieval to post-medieval date is therefore offered; similar examples can be found illustrated in Read (2001, 66; refs. 505-507).
Created on: Friday 9th August 2013
Last updated: Friday 9th August 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Misterton CP', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-8A5147

Record ID: SOM-8A5147
Object type: STRAP END
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A medieval cast copper-alloy forked spacer which would have been part of a composite strap end, dating to the late 13th/early 14th to the early 15th centuries. The front and back plates are missing. The spacer has two rectangular arms, square in cross-section, both of which seem intact and are of slightly varying lengths. The two arms meet at the bottom with the inner sides curving in to the middle in a U-shape and the external sides taper to a series of three rectangular collars moulded in the round, the central of these slightly wider than those above and below. Below these co…
Created on: Monday 12th August 2013
Last updated: Monday 12th August 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Misterton CP', grid reference and parish protected.


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