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    • County: Lancashire
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    • Primary material: Stone

  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-C25AA7

Record ID: LANCUM-C25AA7
Object type: ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENT
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Carved stone head found by a gardener on the grounds of Clitheroe Castle. The head is quite small and incomplete. It probably displays a gargoyle, ape-like monster or bat. It has big ears and protruding eyes suggesting that both needed to be seen from far below. The snout is missing, but most of the fan-shaped crest is still intact. It does not appear to have been cut completely symmetrical; maybe it was meant to display a creature in motion or movement? A flat reverse and a hole suggest that it was propped up or attached with/to an iron bar. Furthermore, there are remains of concrete …
Created on: Thursday 17th May 2007
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Clitheroe', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-05ECD5

Record ID: LANCUM-05ECD5
Object type: AXE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Very small stone axe, probably dating from the Late Neolithic period, i.e. c. 2500-2100 BC. The axe is knapped from a dark grey buff (probably) volcanic tuff or possibly a softer material, i.e. sandstone. The axe is roughly triangular in shape with a straight and unworked blade (although that is difficult to determine because the surface is very worn) and long, shaped side facets. All surfaces are very worn and it is difficult to ascertain what wear marks are older and which are more recent. The material seems quite soft and (possibly) unusual for making a stone axe since even narrower…
Created on: Thursday 24th April 2008
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Lancaster', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-61CFB7

Record ID: LANCUM-61CFB7
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Late Neolithic stone axehead of Langdale Type, finished and polished. It has a curved cutting edge and slightly tapering sides to a thin, broad butt which shows some damage (cracks and dents) on the smooth, polished surface, resembling a cracked egg shell. The axe was made from dark/light grey/beige stone, probably a fine-grained volcanic tuff from Great Langdale but lacking the characteristic facets down its sides. Compared to other Langdale axes, at only about 13.5cms it is a fairly short example of that type.
Created on: Tuesday 25th July 2006
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Preston', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-61E9B1

Record ID: LANCUM-61E9B1
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Triangular-shaped, finely gritted sandstone with very smooth surface and even sides. It is probably natural, but its smooth surface could indicate that it was used as a whetstone.
Created on: Tuesday 25th July 2006
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Grindleton', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-61ECD4

Record ID: LANCUM-61ECD4
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Piece of finely gritted sandstone with very smooth surface and even sides. It is probably natural, but its smooth surface and the angled upper surface could indicate that it was used as a whetstone.
Created on: Tuesday 25th July 2006
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Grindleton', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-EEB756

Record ID: LANCUM-EEB756
Object type: SCRAPER (TOOL)
Broad period: PALAEOLITHIC
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Probably a Clactonian flint tool, made from creamy-grey flint. Part of the cortex survives near the edge. It is a tool made from the core; marks of secondary and tertiary flaking clearly visible along the cutting edge. From the same field come a further five pieces of flint (flakes) and two pieces of ochre.The Clactonian industry involved striking thick, irregular flakes from a core of flint, which was then employed as a chopper. The flakes would have been used as crude knives or scrapers. The Clactonian Culture is named after a superb collection of Prehistoric material found on a sit…
Created on: Wednesday 7th September 2005
Last updated: Sunday 21st August 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Bickerstaffe Area', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-E4D5E7

Record ID: LANCUM-E4D5E7
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Large Langdale axe made from greenish-grey sandstone, butt end damaged and blade end missing. Surfaces very finely shaped and smooth.
Created on: Tuesday 25th October 2005
Last updated: Tuesday 8th October 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-13DF16

Record ID: LANCUM-13DF16
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Roman or Medieval whetstone (orange-reddish sandstone)
Created on: Monday 3rd October 2005
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-17B375

Record ID: LANCUM-17B375
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: MESOLITHIC
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Early Mesolithic grey/green rhyolite borer and possibly also used as a chisel. Dates to between c10000 to c7000 BC. Measuring 3lmm long, 16mm wide, 11mm and weighing 4.76g.
Created on: Monday 18th May 2009
Last updated: Saturday 15th March 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Trawden', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-D23211

Record ID: LANCUM-D23211
Object type: PENDANT
Broad period: MESOLITHIC
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
This ground and polished Mesolthic sedimentary rock pendant is part of the John Winstanley Collection which is currently looked after by the Chorley Historical and Archaeological Society. The length is 16.84mm, width 14.24mm and thickness 8.74mm.
Created on: Monday 8th June 2009
Last updated: Thursday 21st January 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Anglezarke Moor', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LVPL-0E44E5

Record ID: LVPL-0E44E5
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: IRON AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Large beehive quern stone dating to the Iron Age, (800BC-100AD). The object is circular in plan and beehive shaped in form. It is the upper stone of a quern. The object has a central circular perforation. The surface around the perforation on the upper surface has been worn due to its use as the working surface. At one side of the object is a socket for a handle which would probably have been made of metal. The quern stone is granite and in very good condition. Beehive querns were in use during the Iron Age and continued until the 1st century occupation.
Created on: Friday 3rd September 2010
Last updated: Thursday 30th September 2010
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Crawford', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-8100C7

Record ID: LANCUM-8100C7
Object type: ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Roman architectural fragment from the Roman bath house adjacent to Ribchester Roman fort dating 1st to 4th century AD. The fragment is probably from a structural wall and appears to have a hole purposely drilled in it probably to mount an object or part of the interior furnishing. The length is 38mm, width 26mm and thickness 15mm. The diameter of the hole is 4mm.
Created on: Monday 9th May 2011
Last updated: Friday 20th January 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'RIBCHESTER ROMAN BATH HOUSE', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-941C91

Record ID: LANCUM-941C91
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Small stone fragment, possibly the remains of a whetstone. Date uncertain. The surfaces are too worn and damaged to be abolutely certain that this was, indeed, an artefact. It may be natural. It is was a whetstone, the date range would be 2000BC-AD1900, as single stray finds of simple whetstones are notoriously difficult to date.
Created on: Wednesday 2nd February 2011
Last updated: Friday 11th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Thornton', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-5884B8

Record ID: LANCUM-5884B8
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: MESOLITHIC
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Chert or more likely rhyolite blade probably Late Mesolithic to Early Neolithic 6500-2900 BC. The rhyolite is a reddish grey in colour. There are known sources of black chert in the South Pennines and it is naturally occurring in beds on Pendle Hill and in the local glacial dumped material. The length is 24mm, width 11mm, depth 15mm, and the weight is 1.69g.
Created on: Monday 25th October 2010
Last updated: Wednesday 8th August 2012
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'LANGHO', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-589344

Record ID: LANCUM-589344
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: MESOLITHIC
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Worked stone possibly rhyolite or more likely sandstone perhaps a scraper possibly Late Mesolithic to Early Neolithic 6500-2900 BC. It is yellowish-brown in colour with. There are known sources of sandstone in the South Pennines and this may well be naturally occurring around this part of the Ribble Valley. The length is 42mm, width 26mm, thickness 5mm and the weight is 6.92g.
Created on: Monday 25th October 2010
Last updated: Wednesday 8th August 2012
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'LANGHO', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Image not taken

Record ID: LANCUM-7E7034
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a whetstone, probably dating from the later medieval or early post-medieval period. It was found next to a large cylindrical lead weight (LANCUM-7E78E1).
Created on: Wednesday 27th October 2010
Last updated: Friday 3rd December 2010
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Lancaster', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-F81C94

Record ID: LANCUM-F81C94
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An unusual millstone grit tool. The stone out of which the tool has been made is a type imported into the area for use as querns and millstones. It is much harder, finer and more evenly grained, more cohesive, and paler than the local grit. Likely to be within the date range of c2900 BC to c100 AD, but probably Bronze Age (2150-800 BC) It is probable that the object started life as larger quern or milling stone that broke at some stage. As the stone would have been sought after locally, it was reused. See also LANCUM-0F97C8 for further information. Measures 160mm in length, 70mm i…
Created on: Wednesday 6th June 2012
Last updated: Tuesday 22nd January 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Briercliffe', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-C647F2

Record ID: LANCUM-C647F2
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: MESOLITHIC
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A small (diameter c20mm) stone ball formed out of a hard grey sedimentary stone with visible bedding planes. It was found eroding out of an mid to late mesolithic strata. It has had its sphericity augmented by pecking and rubbing. Its purpose is unknown but it looks like a sling stone. It weighs 7.4 grms. Probably dates to between c8300 to c2900 BC. None of the very scarce comparable records has yet had a purpose ascribed to it. Numerous microliths, mesolithic debitage and material up to the Bronze Age, has been found on the site. see LANCUM-0F97C8 for further notes on this site.
Created on: Saturday 28th April 2012
Last updated: Wednesday 20th February 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Briercliffe', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-F11D53

Record ID: LANCUM-F11D53
Object type: WALL
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Group of stones from a foundation wall which is probably Roman adjacent to and probably associated with Kirkham Roman Fort discovered during the construction of a pond. The wall line was approximately 30cm wide made up of small stone cobbles with no stones visible in the surrounding top and sub-soil. The stones are irregular sized and shaped ranging in size from 15cm x 10cm to 8cm x 5cm. The stones are sub-rounded consisting of limestones, sandstones and Ironstone with traces of iron pan concretions around some of the stones. A fragment of wall plaster was also discovered but not reta…
Created on: Monday 18th June 2012
Last updated: Tuesday 19th June 2012
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'CARR HILL', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF7043

Record ID: LANCUM-FF7043
Object type: NET SINKER
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
This is a net sinker of local sandstone. It was found n the banks of the Lune near Overton and was probably used in seine or whammal net fishing. Net sinkers weighed down the bottom (groundrope) of the net which was buoyed up by floats at the top. Fish were then caught in the net between. A channel has been worn in the stone where the sinker has been tied to the groundrope (this is where the modern rope is attached today). It is difficult to date this object, but many of them, found on rivers across the country, are associated with the medieval fishing industry. They were replaced by l…
Created on: Tuesday 18th September 2007
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Overton', grid reference and parish protected.


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