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    • County: Lancashire
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    • Primary material: Iron

  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-F0EFAF

Record ID: LANCUM-F0EFAF
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Post-medieval iron cannon ball, dating to c. AD 1600 - 1800. The cannon ball is spherical in shape and has a slightly encrusted red-brown patina. It is 53.76mm in diameter and weighs 579g. See LANCUM-B8743B for an example of similar size and weight, which is recorded as possibly being from a Minion cannon in use from the mid-16th century through to the end of the 17th, possibly dating to the English Civil War.
Created on: Thursday 11th April 2019
Last updated: Wednesday 24th April 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-D611E3

Record ID: LANCUM-D611E3
Object type: BULLET MOULD
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Complete musket shot mould made from iron, for large lead bullets of c. 18.41x17.55mm, dating to the 17th or early 18th century. It is made from two halves pivoted or hinged together to resemble a pair of scissors. It survives complete, except for one handle terminal which is missing. The surviving handle terminal droops slightly inwards. The mould halves are both hemispherical, internally and externally. There is no decoration. On one side, both halves have a small hole on the seam, to allow the molten lead to be poured in. The central rivet is still in place and the handles can be moved.
Created on: Tuesday 4th March 2008
Last updated: Wednesday 27th February 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Bilsborrow', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-905FE3

Record ID: LANCUM-905FE3
Object type: FLINTLOCK MUSKET
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron hammer of a large flintlock pistol, possibly a Brown Bess lock (Noel Hulme, 1969, fig. 214, fig. 69, no. 5). The jaws would have connected together and to the hammer by a vertical bar running down one side. The screw would have run vertically through the jaws adjacent to the side fixed by the vertical bar and would have tightened to hold the flint in place. The flint is missing but would have projected beyond the open side of the baws - opposite the vertical bar and screw. The mechanism is showing signs of active corrosion. The length is 125mm, the width is 78mm and the weight …
Created on: Tuesday 19th June 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 26th June 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-D67DBD

Record ID: SWYOR-D67DBD
Object type: HORSESHOE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron horseshoe (in two pieces) of probable Medieval to Post Medieval date, about AD 1250 - 1600. It is of Clark Type 4 (Clark, 2004, The Medieval Horse and its Equipment). It has a fairly narrow inner profile and no obvious calkins. The shoe has three nail holes on one side and four on the other with six rectangular headed nails extant or partially extant, each standing proud of the shoe. The horseshoe is sub-rectangular in section, being convex on the ground surface and flat on the foot surface. The web measures 31.6mm at its widest point and narrows down to 22mm at one heel, and 1…
Created on: Monday 5th March 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 4th April 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-8A2173

Record ID: LANCUM-8A2173
Object type: FOB
Broad period: IRON AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy fob dangler of late Iron Age date (100BC - AD 80). The object can be divided into three components. The first being an openwork disc with a pierced decoration of openwork removals in order to delineate the form of a triskelle. The second component is a central raised boss (probably a rivet) surrounded by three openwork loops possibly in the form of a flower. The last component joins the disc is to three parallel curvilinear shanks forming a cradle joining an attachment loop at the top. Each removal has been finely cut and is well proportioned and the three defined …
Created on: Wednesday 27th January 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 28th November 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-B87E37

Record ID: LANCUM-B87E37
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron post-medieval cannon ball, probably dating to the 17th century. It is cylindrical. It measures 95mm in diameter. The size suggests that it was intended to be fired from a demi-culverin, a medium cannon in use during the late 16th and 17th century. Other options might be that it is a ball from a ball mill for crushing minerals or a foreign cannon ball of unidentified type. Blackmore, H. L. 1976. The Armouries of the Tower of London. Vol. 1, Ordnance, 216. London: HMSO. The diameter is 90mm.
Created on: Monday 9th October 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 7th November 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-B8743B

Record ID: LANCUM-B8743B
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A post-medieval iron cannon ball, dating to the period AD 1600-1800. It is made of iron, which has been presumably cast, although no seams are visible. The ball is dark brown with lighter flecks across a relatively smooth surface, with only light pitting. The diameter is 57mm. This ball is likely from a Minion cannon in use from the mid-16th century through to the end of the 17th, possibly dating to the English Civil War. Minion cannons were typically of a 3 or 3.25 'bore' (diameter of the barrel aperture) firing balls of 2.7/8inches or 3 inch in diameter respectively. This example at…
Created on: Monday 9th October 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 7th November 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF697F

Record ID: LANCUM-FF697F
Object type: HORSESHOE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete wrought iron horseshoe of later medieval date. It has a rounded outer edge and an inner profile resembling a pointed arch. The artefact is highly corroded but generally survives well. The length is 115mm, the width is 117mm and the weight 126.32g. The style and size suggest a draught shoe and probably a dove shoe of circa 14th to late 15th century. Reference Ivan. G. Sparkes, Old Horseshoes, Page 15. This 'later medieval' form can be found illustrated in Clark (1986, 3; fig. 8). Clark, J., 1995. The Medieval Horse and its Equipment c.1150 - c.1450. London : HMSO,…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 27th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-2FAB14

Record ID: LANCUM-2FAB14
Object type: LOCKING MECHANISM
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper alloy and iron fragment, probably dating from the post-medieval or early modern period, 17th-19th century. The iron plate and part of the lock is much corroded, but the copper alloy lock cover is still in good condition. It is undecorated and riveted to the iron plate, probably with another iron rivet at the top. It would have covered the key hole and would have been pushed out of the way to insert the key.
Created on: Wednesday 10th May 2017
Last updated: Friday 2nd June 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Nether Kellet', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-324BCC

Record ID: LANCUM-324BCC
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Wrought iron frame of a rectangular buckle with rounded outer corners and pin; probably from horse harness. Suggested date: Post-Medieval, 1500-1800. Similar to NLM-230ECD. The length is 70mm, the width is 45mm and the weight 28.27g.
Created on: Tuesday 14th February 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 16th May 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-096F8A

Record ID: LANCUM-096F8A
Object type: TOY
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A copper-alloy miniature toy petronel probably a musket, dating from the 17th century post-medieval period. The firing mechanism (trigger, cock, springs etc) are missing. The stock (butt) is hollow and decorated on each face with a raised floral and scroll design. The length is 60mm, the width is 25mm and the weight 9.10g. Similar petronels are illustrated and discussed by Forsyth and Egan (2005: 88-97). Forsyth, H. and Egan, G., 2005. Toys, Trifles and Trinkets: Base Metal Miniatures from London 1200 to 1800 London : Unicorn Press Ltd 97, no. 1.39
Created on: Tuesday 31st January 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 31st January 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-094174

Record ID: LANCUM-094174
Object type: HORSESHOE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete iron bevelled key hole type horseshoe of post-medieval date, (1550-1880). The object is a typical U-shape in plan with a keyhole profile in the centre and is almost complete. The calkins are rounded and worn. The number and location of the nail holes cannot be determined due to corrosion. This horse shoe is very similar to one on page 41 of Bailey, G. 1997. Detector finds 3. Greenlight (Witham, Essex). The length is 155mm and the width is 128mm.
Created on: Tuesday 31st January 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 31st January 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-09079D

Record ID: LANCUM-09079D
Object type: CHISEL
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron chisel blade, of unknown date. A Trapezoidal shaped bar with a rectangular shaped cross section. It has flat steep angled blade at the widest end then tapers towards a point at the other end. No parallels have been found for this find, although it is most likely to be of suggested Medieval to Post-Medieval, c. AD1200-1800 date. The length is 155mm, the width is 25mm thickness 27mm .
Created on: Tuesday 31st January 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 31st January 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-DDD481

Record ID: LANCUM-DDD481
Object type: HORSESHOE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Possible corrective shoe often called a bar shoe or a shoe for an ox. The bar shoe was used to correct the horses gait as this can be significantly affected by the shape, weight, and thickness of the horseshoe. Farriers trained in hot shoeing made custom shoes to help horses with bone or musculature problems in their legs. Difficult to date probably somewhere between the medieval to post-medieval 1400-1700AD. The circular horseshoe was used to give extra support at the heel the nail holes for the shoe to be attached to the horses hoof are rectangular in shape and taper inwards in profi…
Created on: Friday 3rd July 2009
Last updated: Monday 16th January 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'GOOSNARGH', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-BC334B

Record ID: LANCUM-BC334B
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A corroded iron buckle frame of possible Medieval to Post-Medieval date 1500 - 1800AD. It is square in form and section, badly corroded and the pin is broken and projecting. Similar to SF-418B75. This buckle frame is similar to late Medieval and Post-Medieval examples noted in London (Egan and Pritchard, 1991: no. 430; Egan, 2005: no. 98), as well as Post-Medieval examples from Norwich (Margeson, 1993: no. 204). These indicate a possible 15th-17th century AD date for the current example, although a later date cannot be ruled out entirely. Egan, G. and Pritchard, F., 1991 Dress Acce…
Created on: Monday 11th April 2016
Last updated: Monday 5th December 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-56DCF6

Record ID: LANCUM-56DCF6
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A corroded iron buckle frame of possible Medieval to Post-Medieval date 1500 - 1800AD. It is square in form and section and the pin is missing. Similar to SF-418B75. This buckle frame is similar to late Medieval and Post-Medieval examples noted in London (Egan and Pritchard, 1991: no. 430; Egan, 2005: no. 98), as well as Post-Medieval examples from Norwich (Margeson, 1993: no. 204). These indicate a possible 15th-17th century AD date for the current example, although a later date cannot be ruled out entirely. The length is 53mm, the width is 48mm and the weight 48.04g. Egan, G. and…
Created on: Monday 5th December 2016
Last updated: Monday 5th December 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-B86905

Record ID: LANCUM-B86905
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast iron ball, probably a cannon ball. Given its weight and size, it may be from the 16th or 17th century. The object is sub-spherical, there are no obvious signs of impact damage indicating use. This is probably a canister shot, possibly dating to the Civil War, but more probably dating to c. AD 1600 - c. AD 1700. It is possibly intended for use in a Rabinet cannon, which had a bore of 1.5 inches (38mm). Other broadly similar examples of this type of artefact have been recorded on the database including WAW-7D0064 (Blackmore 1990 Arms and Armour of the English Civil Wars, Royal Ar…
Created on: Wednesday 28th September 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 28th September 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-D88325

Record ID: LANCUM-D88325
Object type: BRIDLE BIT
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Iron/cu-alloy bridle boss. The boss is circular with a domed area in the centre. It is made from iron but had a cu-alloy coating. The disc is decorated with concentric grooves and attached to the leather strap with three small iron rivets (still in place). The bridle boss is very corroded and suffers from bronze disease.
Created on: Monday 13th June 2005
Last updated: Tuesday 20th September 2016
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-0B23D0

Record ID: LANCUM-0B23D0
Object type: FILE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Iron file dating probably dating Medieval to early Post-medieval 1100 to 1600AD. It is sub-rectangular in plan and rectangular in section. It has a tapering tang which would have been inserted into a handle. The length is 250mm, the width is 23mm and the weight too heavy for scales. Ottaway, P. and Rogers, N., 2002 Craft, Industry and Every Day Life: Finds From Medieval York York : Council for British Archaeology, 2723,
Created on: Tuesday 2nd August 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 2nd August 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-1B51B2

Record ID: LANCUM-1B51B2
Object type: HORSESHOE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Post-Medieval horseshoe dating 1600 to 1700AD. The horshoe is a worn and corroded keyhole type horseshoe with equal branches and the heels inclined. Due to corrosion deposits no nail holes are evident and is probably a draught shoe. The length is 135mm, the width is 143mm.
Created on: Tuesday 10th May 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 10th May 2016
Spatial data recorded.


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