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    • County: Lancashire
    • Primary material: Copper alloy

  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-54B6BD

Record ID: LANCUM-54B6BD
Object type: BROOCH
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Broken copper-alloy and enamel Roman dragonesque brooch, complete with pin, dating to c. 50 - 150 AD. The brooch has an S-shaped body with elaborate terminals. The terminals take the form of a curved triangle with an oval extension and they are decorated on the front face: the triangles have a central circular depression and the oval extensions have a pair of connected oval knobs within a recession that retains traces of blue enamel. The foot terminal has broken off from the body of the brooch; the broken edge is abraded. One end of a copper-alloy pin is curled around the neck of the …
Created on: Thursday 14th February 2019
Last updated: Tuesday 19th February 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-42E372

Record ID: LANCUM-42E372
Object type: SWORD BELT
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper alloy sword belt hanger dating from the post medieval period, that is c. AD1500-1700. The hanger is complete and in good condition. It is a moulded strip terminating in a hook. The main body is roughly figure-of-eight-shaped with a rivet hole in the centre of each roundel. Each roudel is decorated around the rivet hole with a moulded square and basic interlace mouldings, wound around the straight sides of the two squares. Reference: Read 2008, 224, no. 804.
Created on: Wednesday 13th February 2019
Last updated: Monday 18th February 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-42D219

Record ID: LANCUM-42D219
Object type: HARNESS PENDANT
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper alloy cruciform harness pendant dating from the medieval period, probably c. 13th-14th century AD. The object survives intact and in fair condition except for the suspension loop which would have extended outwards from one of the arms. The object is a cruciform mount/pendant with four arms and a flat, square centre. The arms terminate in circular mouldings and are plain whilst the central block was decorated with incised or moulded cross-hatching. The artefact may have been a harness pendant in its own right, similar to WAW-F47A11 or else, the centre of harness pendant which al…
Created on: Wednesday 13th February 2019
Last updated: Monday 18th February 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-42B749

Record ID: LANCUM-42B749
Object type: HARNESS FITTING
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a copper alloy terret ring dating from the early Roman period, probably 1st-2nd century AD. Only the bottom quarter of the terret survives. The upper part of the loop is broken off and it is uncertain whether this may have been a plain or possibly a lipped or knobbed terret. The two mouldings at the base of the arms survive with some damage and the central bottom section does, too. Whilst the surviving arms of the loop have a circular cross section, the bottom section is flat and has a rectangular cross section. It is tapers to a flat point at the bottom.
Created on: Wednesday 13th February 2019
Last updated: Monday 18th February 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-42971A

Record ID: LANCUM-42971A
Object type: HARNESS FITTING
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Complete copper alloy terret ring dating from the early Roman period, probably 1st-2nd century AD. The terret is formed of a large oval loop with an oval section and a much smaller integral semi-circular loop below through which the strap would have run. There is a moulded collar around the bottom of the larger loop, separating it from the smaller loop. The larger loop is oval with a circular cross-section all around but the top is much thinner than the bottom of the ring. This might indicate some wear from the leather rein or strap that ran through it. Numerous similar terret rings …
Created on: Wednesday 13th February 2019
Last updated: Monday 18th February 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-426613

Record ID: LANCUM-426613
Object type: BROOCH
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Complete but damaged enamelled copper-alloy disc brooch dating from the Roman period, c 2nd century AD. Description: The brooch is circular with a decorated obverse and plain reverse. A chunk of the disc with the catch plate below are broken off and missing. The sprung pin and catch arrangement are on the reverse. The plate is decorated with three fields of champlevé enamel, the central field is circular and has no clear enamel remaining. The first/inner ring may have been plain or possibly was decorated with moulded dot. The next ring was filled with green enamel with moulded dots i…
Created on: Wednesday 13th February 2019
Last updated: Monday 18th February 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-423553

Record ID: LANCUM-423553
Object type: BROOCH
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy Roman trumpet brooch fragment dating from c. AD75-175. Only the head and part of the bow of the brooch survive. The front part of the bow, foot, spring and pin are missing. The bow has a circular cross section and is broken just next to the for this brooch type typical moulded acanthus leaf-and-reel-decoration which sits at the apex of the bow. Below the trumpet-shaped head which gives this brooch type its name, is the hinge mechanism that attached the pin to the brooch. This trumpet brooch did not have a sprung but a hinged mechanism with the two tubular mouldings a…
Created on: Wednesday 13th February 2019
Last updated: Monday 18th February 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-422083

Record ID: LANCUM-422083
Object type: SEAL BOX
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An complete enamelled cast copper alloy seal box dating from late 1st to the mid 3rd Century AD. The seal box survives almost complete and in very good condition. Both the box and its lid are present with the lid still being attached to the box via a hinge on one of the sides. The seal box is pointed oval in shape and only the lid was decorated with enamel. The box itself is pointed oval in shaped, with raised sides and four holes in the bottom. On the opposite side of the hinge is a small lug to ease opening and closing of the box. The lid matches the box in shape but it slightly big…
Created on: Wednesday 13th February 2019
Last updated: Monday 18th February 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-41D3B6

Record ID: LANCUM-41D3B6
Object type: BROOCH
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete, copper alloy enamelled Dragonesque brooch dating from late 1st or 2nd century AD. The brooch survives almost complete with only one of the terminal heads missing. The pin is still in place, bent around the body of the brooch. Although most of the enamel is missing, it is in excellent condition. The surface is dark brown and shiny and smooth to the touch. The brooch was S-shaped with both sides terminating in a small head with ear, eye and a curled up snout or nose. The body was cast with eleven integral cells which were filled with enamel, probably alternating blue and …
Created on: Wednesday 13th February 2019
Last updated: Monday 18th February 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-2F9A11

Record ID: LANCUM-2F9A11
Object type: FINGER RING
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy finger ring, probably dating from the medieval period, that is c. 12th-15th century AD. The finger ring is bent but complete, with a rough surface and olive-brown patina. It may have had flattened shoulders and a rectangular bezel. It probably bore incised decoration but the bezel is too worn and the motif can no longer be identified. The shape of the bezel suggests that the ring was of medieval date.
Created on: Tuesday 12th February 2019
Last updated: Monday 18th February 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-2F8907

Record ID: LANCUM-2F8907
Object type: STRAP FITTING
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A castccopper-alloy swivel fitting dating from the medieval period, that is c. 11th-15th century. The artefact consists of at least four conjoined elements. At the centre of the swivel fitting is a large, presumably mostly hollow copper-alloy sphere. It has two large opposing perforations/hole into which, on each side, a smaller rivet or shank has been inserted. These "block-like" fittings cannot be pulled out; presumably, their terminals inside the sphere had been flatted or enlarged to keep the fitting in place. However, they are loose fitting enough to be able to turn around 360 de…
Created on: Tuesday 12th February 2019
Last updated: Monday 18th February 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-2F4308

Record ID: LANCUM-2F4308
Object type: STRAP FITTING
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
One half of a medieval cast copper alloy two-piece swivel fitting dating from c. AD1100-c. 1500. This is one half of the swivel: overall, it consists of a ring- or flat D-shaped frame with sub-triangular sides which gradually expand towards each end, where they terminate in a pair of zoomorphic beasts heads flanking a central flat ring which is set perpendicular to the main ring. The muzzles of the beasts are long with the upper jaw running from the brow ridge to the lip and their mouths open, probably clasping the central block. The design is not as well executed as on comparative sw…
Created on: Tuesday 12th February 2019
Last updated: Monday 18th February 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-2F060D

Record ID: LANCUM-2F060D
Object type: PADLOCK
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast copper-alloy barrel or box padlock spring mechanism dating from the medieval period, that is c. 11th-15th century. Overall, the mechanism is U-shaped in profile with a flat rectangular lower arm and cylindrical/circular cross-sectioned upper arm. The lower arm is rectangular in profile and tapers slightly towards its tip. It has extensive tool marks on all surfaces and a small cylindrical copper-alloy rivet attaches rectangular copper-alloy leaf springs to each side close to the tip. At the opposite end, at the point where the object begins to curve the lower arm had t…
Created on: Tuesday 12th February 2019
Last updated: Monday 18th February 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-2BE374

Record ID: LANCUM-2BE374
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Copper-alloy developed flat axehead dating from the Early Bronze Age, that is c. 2000-1900BC. The axehead survives in good condition with a very shiny, glossy surface and smooth patina. The surface is slightly pitted, but there is no sign of the later stages of bronze disease. The axehead is lenticular in profile, with slightly raised but not pronounced flanges. It does not have a stop ridge, but a very slight raised section across the centre. This is curved and made more visible but being undecorated above the 'ledge' and decorated below. The decoration consists of a untidy 'rain' pa…
Created on: Tuesday 12th February 2019
Last updated: Tuesday 5th March 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-2BBD52

Record ID: LANCUM-2BBD52
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Copper-alloy axehead dating from the Early Bronze Age, that is c. 2200-2100BC. The axehead survives intact and in good condition with some bronze corrosion coming through along the sides. Most of the original olive-green patina is still in place, but the surface is pitted with corrosion showing through. The axehead has curved, diverging sides with a curved, splayed cutting edge/blade. The butt is semi-circular and the the axe is lenticular in profile. The casting seams were removed and the axehead shows signs of repeated resharpening along the cutting edge (striations). It is decorate…
Created on: Tuesday 12th February 2019
Last updated: Tuesday 5th March 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-2B1A5D

Record ID: LANCUM-2B1A5D
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Copper or copper-alloy axehead probably dating from the Chalcolithic/Copper Age or the very Early Bronze Age, that is c. 2400-2300BC. The axe survives in good condition with a rusty-coloured surface and rough patina. It has straight diverging sides, a straight butt and a gently curved cutting edge/blade. Its profile is flat lenticular and it is undecorated. According to Needham's Classification of Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age Copper and Bronze Axe-Heads, this is most likely a Class 2B or 2C axe, dating from the 24th or 23rd C BC. Needham's classification is mainly based on axehead…
Created on: Tuesday 12th February 2019
Last updated: Tuesday 5th March 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-D9CFD8

Record ID: LANCUM-D9CFD8
Object type: SWORD BELT
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy sword belt hanger of post-medieval date (c. 1500 - 1700 AD). The object takes the form of a long, thin plate in the shape of an oval section either side of a vesica section with trifoliate ends. Three integrally cast loops hang down from the plate. Circular rivet holes pierce the trifoliate ends and the centre of the plate. The front face of the object is ornately decorated with a frond design in relief, while the back face remains undecorated. The edges are bevelled on the front face. The object has a green patina. It is 69.18mm in length, 28.62mm in width and 2.77mm in t…
Created on: Friday 8th February 2019
Last updated: Thursday 21st February 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-D97112

Record ID: LANCUM-D97112
Object type: COIN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Worn Roman copper-alloy sestertius, dating to c. 43 - 260 AD. Obverse of right-facing bust. Reverse of robed figure standing left. The coin is 30.99mm in diameter, 3.93mm in thickness and weighs 17.71g.
Created on: Friday 8th February 2019
Last updated: Thursday 21st February 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-49682A

Record ID: LANCUM-49682A
Object type: COIN
Broad period: GREEK AND ROMAN PROVINCIAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A copper-alloy Indo-Greek tetradrachm of the Kushan ruler Kujula Kadphises, struck in the Hindu Kush, dating to the period c.AD 40-90. Obverse: [BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣTHP]OΣΣV [EP]MAIOV, Diademed bust right with psuedo-Hermaeus legend. Reverse: Karoshti legend (Kujula Kasasa Kushana Yavugasa Dhramathidasa), Hercules standing facing holding club and lion skin. The coin is 22.59mm in diameter, 2.42mm in thickness and weighs 6.56g. As Mitchiner, 1978: p. 389, no. 2844. Examples of Indo-Greek coins have been recorded through the PAS. Some of these may well be genuine ancient losses, however o…
Created on: Friday 1st February 2019
Last updated: Thursday 7th February 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-9DFEC7

Record ID: LANCUM-9DFEC7
Object type: BOOK FITTING
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Incomplete copper-alloy hooked tag, probably a book clasp of medieval date (c. 1350 - 1500 AD). The object has a flat triangular body with two integral lugs at one end; the other end tapers to a blunt point which is now bent backwards and probably would have terminated in a hook. The lugs are formed from the copper-alloy sheet being curved back on itself. The object has a patchy brown and green patina. It is 26.7mm in length, 17.2mm in width and 0.3mm in thickness. It weighs 2g.
Created on: Thursday 24th January 2019
Last updated: Monday 28th January 2019
Spatial data recorded.


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