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    • Complete: Complete
    • County: Lancashire
    • Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL

  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-2FADAF

Record ID: LANCUM-2FADAF
Object type: PENDANT
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A gilt cast copper alloy pendant dating from the early medieval period, that is the 9th century AD. The artefact survives almost complete, although it is a reworked object that does not survive in its original, larger, form. The fragment was broken off a larger object and shows signs of having been reworked into its current shape, which is probably that of a pendant. All edges are rough to the touch but the original break occurred at what is now the bottom of the pendant. The flat sides (top and sides) are smoother than the break and show possibly previous tinning. The current shape i…
Created on: Tuesday 12th February 2019
Last updated: Monday 18th February 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-DD5E25

Record ID: LANCUM-DD5E25
Object type: SPINDLE WHORL
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Lead spindle whorl or possibly gaming piece of early medieval to post-medieval date (c. 800 - 1650 AD). The object is cylindrical in form with a central circular perforation. The top face is embellished by rectangular indents, giving the impression of crenellation. The object has a light-brown patina. It is 25.54mm in diameter and 10.85mm in thickness. The diameter of the central perforation is 9.84mm. It weighs 37.40g. Lead spindle whorls are difficult to date without archaeological context. Cylindrical examples with decoration only on one side have been dated to the early medieval a…
Created on: Tuesday 15th January 2019
Last updated: Tuesday 26th February 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-53BBB4

Record ID: LANCUM-53BBB4
Object type: INGOT
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper alloy bar ingot with rounded and flattish ends 'finger' form. The ingot is D shaped in section with a flat base and convex tip and tapers in width and thickness from one end to the other. The length is 59mm and the width is 11mm. The ingot is not diagnostic and is therefore difficult to date; ingots of this form in precious metals have been found associated with late Early Medieval period finds. (Blackburn and Rogerson Medieval Archaeology 1993, 222-4). It has been suggested that copper alloy ingots from Norfolk of bar-like form and with transverse hammering may belong to the Vi…
Created on: Wednesday 23rd May 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 23rd May 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-48D655

Record ID: LANCUM-48D655
Object type: WEIGHT
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A copper alloy object that could be an incomplete polyhedral multi-faceted pin Early Medieval (Anglo-Saxon) hair pin dating to the late 8th to the early 10th century AD or could relate to a later more modern object. It has a cuboid-faceted head very corroded and no decoration is discernible. Where the head joins the shaft there appears to be a collar consisting of a circumferential raised line. The shaft is not circular in cross-section and appears to have a square section which could indicate that it is later. The length is 18mm, the width is 9mm and the weight 2.18g.
Created on: Wednesday 4th April 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 16th May 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HAMP-135739

Record ID: HAMP-135739
Object type: PENDANT
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete lead alloy late early-medieval pendant dating probably to c. 900 - 1100. It is a flat circular disc with moulded decoration in relief to one face. At the centre is a raised circular boss with seven concentric rings surrounding it, the seventh flanking the edge of the object. The area between the boss and the first concentric ring (c.5mm to each side) is divided into four sections by four equidistant inverted V-shapes (the tips touching the boss). The resulting sections these create carries a raised moulded six-pointed star or asterisk at the centre. The reverse of the pend…
Created on: Wednesday 13th December 2017
Last updated: Thursday 4th January 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-4AF424

Record ID: LANCUM-4AF424
Object type: WEIGHT
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Lead alloy probably early medieval (Viking) weight probably dating circa 800 - 1100AD. The weight is circular in plan and the sides are convex tapering towards the base. The upper surface is flattened with a circular depression at the top probably for an inserted object now missing. The object is a creamy white in colour with an even patina. Abrasion caused by movement whilst within the plough soil may have resulted in the loss of some of the original surface detail. The diameter is 20mm, thickness 20mm and the weight 24.99g. Viking period lead weights were often set with Lunettes ty…
Created on: Monday 16th October 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 7th November 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-92F87A

Record ID: LANCUM-92F87A
Object type: INGOT
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper alloy bar ingot with rounded and flattish ends'finger' form. The ingot is D shaped in section with a flat base and convex tip and tapers in width and thickness from one end to the other. The length is 45mm, the width is 15mm thickness 15mm and the weight 23.47g. The ingot is not diagnostic and is therefore difficult to date; ingots of this form in precious metals have been found associated with late Early Medieval period finds although this example is lighter than the 25g/26g unit suggested from Viking-Age silver ingots (Blackburn and Rogerson Medieval Archaeology 1993, 222…
Created on: Tuesday 20th June 2017
Last updated: Monday 26th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-682DB1

Record ID: LANCUM-682DB1
Object type: SWORD
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Lead alloy Early Medieval sword pommel probably Petersen type X dating 950-1000AD. A rectangular opening in the base would have housed the tang of the grip, and a hole through the hump would have been for the end of the tang with a cap or rivet on the end. The lead is patinated and scratched. The lead pommel exhibits the staining from gilding and appears to depict a bird with folded back wings. The pommel conforms most closely to Oakshott's Type A or Type B forms, suggesting a date of between AD 950 and AD 1100. It appears to be something of a transition between a later Viking or Ang…
Created on: Monday 13th March 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 2nd May 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-67B98D

Record ID: LANCUM-67B98D
Object type: WEIGHT
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A lead alloy possible gaming piece probably dating from the Early Medieval period, about AD 700 - 1050. The object is a dome and the flat base has a deep cavity in the middle Objects like this are often described as gaming pieces but there are few excavated examples with which to compare them. They can also be interpreted as weights. The length is 18mm, the width is 12mm and the weight 14.58g.. Similar sized and shaped objects but made from chalk were recovered from Anglo-Scandinavian building contexts in York and have been identified as Hnefatafl pieces (Mainman and Rodgers, 2000)…
Created on: Monday 13th March 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 28th March 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-9CB512

Record ID: LANCUM-9CB512
Object type: INGOT
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper alloy bar ingot with rounded and flattish ends 'finger' form. The ingot is D shaped in section with a flat base and convex tip and tapers in width and thickness from one end to the other. The length is 56mm, the width is 14mm and the weight 29.94g. The ingot is not diagnostic and is therefore difficult to date; ingots of this form in precious metals have been found associated with late Early Medieval period finds although this example is heavier than the 25g/26g unit suggested from Viking-Age silver ingots (Blackburn and Rogerson Medieval Archaeology 1993, 222-4). It has been su…
Created on: Tuesday 7th February 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 23rd May 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-A31FF2

Record ID: LANCUM-A31FF2
Object type: WEIGHT
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Early medieval lead alloy weight. Suggested date: Early Medieval, 850-1000. The weight is cast biconvex with a central moulded aperture. It has a circular perforation with an internal diameter of 8mm. The weight is decorated with irregular sized pellets on one side. This object may have been used as a spindle whorl. The provision for a thick spindle probably indicates an Anglo-Scandinavian date. The diameter is 30mm and the weight 31.59g.
Created on: Tuesday 27th September 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 1st November 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-77F587

Record ID: LANCUM-77F587
Object type: HOOKED TAG
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete early medieval copper alloy single sharp hooked tag with with two attachment holes in lobes at top of ovoid plate and collared hook. Both the loops and the hook are missing. The outer face is decorated with eight punched ring and dots - four in the centre and four around the outside. It survives in fair condition with a bright green patina. It probably belongs to Read 2008, Class E, Type 1, which are of c.9th to c.10th century in date. The tag may well be Anglo-Scandinavian influenced. The length is 20mm, the width is 24mm and the weight 1.85g.
Created on: Tuesday 26th July 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 2nd August 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-77D226

Record ID: LANCUM-77D226
Object type: WEIGHT
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Early medieval lead alloy weight. The weight is cast biconvex with a central moulded aperture. It has a circular perforation with an internal diameter of 8mm. The weight is decorated with transverse lines on one side and irregular sized pellets on the other. This object may have been used as a spindle whorl. The provision for a thick spindle probably indicates an Anglo-Scandinavian date. Suggested date: Early Medieval, 850-1000. The diameter is 35mm and the weight 17.78g.
Created on: Tuesday 26th July 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 2nd August 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-C2BB16

Record ID: LANCUM-C2BB16
Object type: HORSE TRAPPING
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper alloy pair of cast swivel-mount rings dating from the 11th to 12th century. Each loop formed as a pair of opposed zoomorphic heads. The swivel is created from two hemispherical sections, one with a pin and the other pierced. The pin is inserted through the piercing and flattened over to trap it. There are transverse bands on the lower parts of the swivel halves. The piece is complete and still articulated. These mounts were used to strengthen the point where a leather strap had to turn freely through a wide arc. Reference: published in Hammond, B. British Artefacts Volume 3 - L…
Created on: Wednesday 18th May 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 8th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-B369EF

Record ID: LANCUM-B369EF
Object type: STRAP END
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A corroded lead alloy Late probably early medieval (Viking Age) tongue-shaped strap-end of Thomas' Class E, probably Type 1. The strap end is tongue shaped. At the flat attachement end the rivet holes have corroded over and the base plate is intact. It appears to be undecorated but the decoration may have worn off. A number of strap fitting, brooches and dress accessories are known in lead from Anglo-Scandinavian England, and they probably represent inexpensive alternatives to more prestigious examples in copper alloy and precious metals. 10th-11th century AD.The length is 41mm, the w…
Created on: Tuesday 17th May 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 7th June 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-657D57

Record ID: LANCUM-657D57
Object type: PIN
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Head of a copper alloy 8th century Anglo-Saxon pin, probably part of a triple, or double, pin set. The head and part of the shank survive in very good condition with hardly any corrosion or bronze disease present on the surface, except in the centre of the obverse where corrosion started in the crevices of the decoration. It was made from cast copper alloy, probably with part-incised decoration on the obverse. The silvery shine on the reverse strongly suggests that the pin had been silvered or tinned. There is a small hole in the side of the head, possibly to link the pin to the centr…
Created on: Thursday 7th April 2016
Last updated: Monday 1st August 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Gisburn', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-0F4174

Record ID: LANCUM-0F4174
Object type: PIN
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Complete cast copper alloy early medieval 'Wrythen pin' dating from the Middle Saxon period, that is c. 9th century. The pin is complete, but slightly bent out of shape and shows corrosive patches along the shaft. It has an oval/onion-shaped head (diameter 8mm) with engraved spiral decoration, often called 'wrythen-headed' (Hinton 1996, 16-17). There is a double-collar beneath its head. The shaft has a circular cross-section broken circular-section. Parallels on the database are NMS-11C7B1 and two finds in 2004 from Barton Bendish, Norfolk (HER 17212), and Beachamwell, Norfolk (HER 4530).
Created on: Thursday 21st January 2016
Last updated: Thursday 21st January 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Yealand Redmayne', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-F7EBBD

Record ID: LANCUM-F7EBBD
Object type: CHAPE
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy chape possibly dating from the early medieval or medieval period, that is the 11th-15th century. The chape is damaged and incomplete. It appears undecorated, but a superficial incised decoration may have worn away over the centuries. The surface is rough to the touch and extremely worn. Originally, the chape was square in cross-section. It is curved at the bottom and there is some residue inside which may be congealed sand and corrosive products or possibly even part of the organic (?) sheath. The shape of the chape suggests that it was made for the sheath of a point…
Created on: Wednesday 20th January 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 26th April 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Over Kellet', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-F7D49D

Record ID: LANCUM-F7D49D
Object type: SWORD
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete copper alloy quillon or guard, probably from a dagger or knife, of early medieval date, probably 10th-11th century. The quillon is an elongated ovate shape with a curved profile and raised rim to the lower aspect. A sub-rectangular perforation is present at the centre through which the blade would have slotted into the grip. The surfaces appear undecorated. Numerous similar artefacts have been recorded on the PAS database. For examples see: YORYM-E8D9F2, WMID-BBEC88, SF-BDCB85, YORYM-11276E and SUSS-A6ADE2. Ref: Peirce, Ian (2002) Swords of the Viking Age. The Boyd…
Created on: Wednesday 20th January 2016
Last updated: Friday 23rd September 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Over Kellet', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LVPL-C0264A

Record ID: LVPL-C0264A
Object type: SWORD
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A copper alloy sword pommel of Early Medieval date. The object is of late lobed form, probably of 10th or 11th century date. The base, which curves upwards at the ends, would have rested upon a concave pommel bar. The interior of the pommel has an oval opening at the base and converging sides towards the oval aperture at the apex of the pommel which accommodated the protruding sword tang. The perforation at the base has an internal length of 38.67mm and width of 8.74mm. At the top of the object the perforation measures 8.45mm in length and 7.45mm in width. The perforation at the top o…
Created on: Wednesday 1st April 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 7th April 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Ormskirk', grid reference and parish protected.


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