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    • Complete: Complete
    • County: Lancashire
    • Broad period: BRONZE AGE

  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-2BE374

Record ID: LANCUM-2BE374
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Copper-alloy developed flat axehead dating from the Early Bronze Age, that is c. 2000-1900BC. The axehead survives in good condition with a very shiny, glossy surface and smooth patina. The surface is slightly pitted, but there is no sign of the later stages of bronze disease. The axehead is lenticular in profile, with slightly raised but not pronounced flanges. It does not have a stop ridge, but a very slight raised section across the centre. This is curved and made more visible but being undecorated above the 'ledge' and decorated below. The decoration consists of a untidy 'rain' pa…
Created on: Tuesday 12th February 2019
Last updated: Tuesday 5th March 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-2BBD52

Record ID: LANCUM-2BBD52
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Copper-alloy axehead dating from the Early Bronze Age, that is c. 2200-2100BC. The axehead survives intact and in good condition with some bronze corrosion coming through along the sides. Most of the original olive-green patina is still in place, but the surface is pitted with corrosion showing through. The axehead has curved, diverging sides with a curved, splayed cutting edge/blade. The butt is semi-circular and the the axe is lenticular in profile. The casting seams were removed and the axehead shows signs of repeated resharpening along the cutting edge (striations). It is decorate…
Created on: Tuesday 12th February 2019
Last updated: Tuesday 5th March 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-2B1A5D

Record ID: LANCUM-2B1A5D
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Copper or copper-alloy axehead probably dating from the Chalcolithic/Copper Age or the very Early Bronze Age, that is c. 2400-2300BC. The axe survives in good condition with a rusty-coloured surface and rough patina. It has straight diverging sides, a straight butt and a gently curved cutting edge/blade. Its profile is flat lenticular and it is undecorated. According to Needham's Classification of Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age Copper and Bronze Axe-Heads, this is most likely a Class 2B or 2C axe, dating from the 24th or 23rd C BC. Needham's classification is mainly based on axehead…
Created on: Tuesday 12th February 2019
Last updated: Tuesday 5th March 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Carnforth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LVPL-5B9AE9

Record ID: LVPL-5B9AE9
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
An Early Bronze Age III - Middle Bronze Age I (1800-1500 BC) flanged axe head or axe shaped ingot, possibly water rolled, and unusual in its crudeness. Its uneven shape makes accurate measurement and labelling of areas difficult, but the thickest section is approximately 14mm at its widest pont, and the blade tip is an uneven 2-4 mm in fluctuation. The surface is pitted and appears to have delaminated; areas show different levels and kinds of corrosion, varying from predictable greens to a blueish tinge. The rear of the object is not bilaterally symmetrical but has a thumbprint-sized …
Created on: Tuesday 16th October 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 26th February 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Dalton', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-5E49AA

Record ID: LANCUM-5E49AA
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Cast copper alloy complete unlooped palstave axe probably dating to the Middle Bronze Age palstave 1450 to 1300 BC. The axe is of shares similarities with the Taunton metalwork assemblage and Hotham related to the palstaves of the Acton Park metalwork assemblage to which it bears some resemblance similar to Needham et al fig 140 (1985) and Read (1995: p.3 fig 9 ). The butt is slightly concave and has a width of 55mm. The flanges are flat, longiform in plan, straight and parallel as far as the stop but do not extend all the way to the butt, with a width at the stop of 30mm. The blade is…
Created on: Monday 23rd July 2018
Last updated: Monday 7th January 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-5E3C83

Record ID: LANCUM-5E3C83
Object type: DAGGER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
An incomplete cast copper alloy dagger dating from the Early Bronze Age, c.2150-c.1500BC. The object is a butt riveted small blade dagger or knife with triangular blade. The blade would have been attached to the hilt by means of three large rivets, the top side one is still in place. The rivet is circular in cross-section and flat-hourglass-shaped in plan. The other two are missing and the other rivet holes are incomplete due to breaks or possibly corrosion. The object is quite damaged so it is difficult to ascertain the exact type, but it is similar to Needham's series 2 (id 1200 Card…
Created on: Monday 23rd July 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 26th February 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-5E2C89

Record ID: LANCUM-5E2C89
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A complete cast copper alloy socketed axe of Late Bronze Age date (1000 - 800 BC). The object can be classified as the Ewart Park phase of metalwork. The object is sub-rectangular in plan with the cutting edge expanding outwards to form a convex cutting edge. The socket has a sub square mouth, is deep and the insides are smooth. A moulded collar decorates the axe below the mouth on each face. Extending down from this are three raised ribs. The ribs have been abraded and damaged in recent times. The front and back faces of the axe are faceted at the socket end. Along the centre of e…
Created on: Monday 23rd July 2018
Last updated: Monday 7th January 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-91247A

Record ID: LANCUM-91247A
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Cast copper alloy unlooped palstave axe probably dating to the Middle Bronze Age palstave 1450 to 1200BC. The axe shares similarities with the Taunton metalwork assemblage and Hotham related to the palstaves of the Acton Park metalwork assemblage to which it bears some resemblance similar to Needham et al fig 140 (1985) and Read (1995: p.3 fig 9 ). The axe is almost complete with a length of 123mm. The butt is slightly concave and has a width of 20mm. The flanges are flat, longiform in plan, straight and parallel as far as the stop, with a width of 20mm. The blade is flaring 42mm wide …
Created on: Tuesday 19th June 2018
Last updated: Monday 7th January 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-697908

Record ID: LANCUM-697908
Object type: ADZE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Bronze age copper alloy palstave adze 1500 - 1150BC. The length is 125mm, the width of blade is 28mm thickness 20mm and the weight 138.02g. The object is rectangular in form and cross section and is intact, with slight damage to its butt end and some of its surface. The butt end is rectangular in form and triangular in cross section, with each face having a rectangular shaped recess with a raised border to contain the handle. The blade, which has an elongated triangular cross section, tapers in width from the point it joins the butt. Overall it is 20mm wide and rectangular in form, th…
Created on: Tuesday 5th June 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 4th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-DE1B40

Record ID: LANCUM-DE1B40
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Early Bronze Age copper alloy developed flat axe, possibly Aylesford or Bandon type (Schmidt and Burgess, 1981, 65-7) probably dating to between c2300 to c1700 BC. The axe has a broad head, tapering to a narrow butt. There is no evidence of flanges or ridges along the sides of either face but it is heavily corroded. This implement is sub-rectangular in plan with an expanded crescent shaped blade. The butt, in plan, is complete with a rounded terminal. In cross section the body of the axe has lentoid profile. The axe appears to be undecorated. The length is 77mm, width 37mm, thickness 1…
Created on: Tuesday 16th January 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 17th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-D63A53

Record ID: LANCUM-D63A53
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete small copper alloy socketed and side-looped spearhead dating from the Early Middle Bronze Age, c. 1600-1400BC. The head is leaf-shaped and the socket has a pronounced midrib. The tip of the spearhead is thicker than the rest of the blade and there are very fine, very clear re-sharpening marks all around the edges of the wings, running parallel to it. The hollow of the socket extends into the spear. It is circular and tapers towards the tip, becoming lozengiform in cross section as it develops into the solid mid-rib between the blades. There are two small, oval, pierced side…
Created on: Monday 4th September 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 5th September 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-548AA4

Record ID: LANCUM-548AA4
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A complete copper alloy Middle Bronze Age unlooped palstave axehead (c.1500-c.1300 BC). The palstave shares typological features with Group I and Group II palstaves. These were the primary forms introduced to Britain in the Middle Bronze Age Schmidt and Burgess 1981). This particular axehead is probably a Group I (shield-pattern) type from the Acton Park phase of Bronze Age metalwork, distinguished by its shield-shaped decoration below the stop ridge (ibid.p.119). The axe is sub-triangular in plan and sub-rectangular in section, tapering to the blade terminal. The blade is narrow taper…
Created on: Tuesday 29th August 2017
Last updated: Friday 9th November 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF5521

Record ID: LANCUM-FF5521
Object type: SLAG
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Two amorphic piece of copper alloy slag. Found in an area with Bronze Age and Roman artefacts. The surface is characterised by lumps and hollows and has a tin element is indicated relating to bronze working. The slag has a good deep green patina, similar to that seen on some local Bronze Age metalwork, so it may date from this period. If this lump of slag is indeed Bronze Age, it is interesting that it has survived and was not re-melted. Fragments of casting waste like this one are hard to date. Scientific analysis of the elemental composition of the copper alloy would allow a more ac…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 7th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF3E11

Record ID: LANCUM-FF3E11
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy palstave dating from the Middle Bronze Age, i.e. c. 1500-1300BC. The axe is a heavy implement for its size and complete with the two flanges and a crescent-shaped blade with up-turned corners. It is part of the Taunton metalwork assemblage. The axe has two triangular flanges (diamond-shaped from the side). The casting flashes are visible and have been filed but are still slightly raised and with its small, worn semi-circular stop-ridge it could be related to the shield-pattern palstaves of the Acton Park metalwork assemblage to which it bears some resemblance. It has…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF28DD

Record ID: LANCUM-FF28DD
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Bronze Age small cast copper alloy flat axe with a narrow butt end and a slightly flanged blade, dating from the Early Bronze Age c. 2125-1950 BC. The edge of the blade of the axe appears to be unused, and the size of the axe suggests that it might have been used for votive reasons. The colour suggests that the axe is copper-rich and the original surface survives well in places, with patches of corrosion product and a few pits, and a few marks on one face of the blade. Otherwise the axe is in good condition. Flat axes with narrow butt ends with rectangular sections and slightly flange…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 29th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF1A46

Record ID: LANCUM-FF1A46
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete Early Bronze Age cast copper-alloy undecorated developed flat axe (c. 2000-1700 BC): This implement is sub-rectangular in plan with an expanded crescent shaped blade. The butt, in plan, is complete with a rounded terminal. The side profile of the axe is lentoid with both terminals tapering. In cross section the body of the axe has lentoid profile. The axe is decorated with short incised probably chiselled lines below the stop ridge and along the length to the blade. The butt end of the axe has been hammered flat creating a proto-stop ridge. The blade tip flares outwards fr…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF125F

Record ID: LANCUM-FF125F
Object type: RAPIER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Mid to Late Bronze Age copper alloy fragment probably a broken rapier or dagger dating 1500 - 1000BC. The object is triangular in form and an oval in cross section. It represents the damaged tip of a spear head. It has a narrow central rib with adjacent channels which has a circular cross section and tapers towards the point. The blades which are damaged taper in width towards the point. Rapiers are really long and have a slim blade and the shoulders and hilt, have broken off Similar to GLO-7EFE1A and WILT-471861 on the database. The length is 143mm, the width is 38mm thickness 20mm an…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Saturday 9th March 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-1C4D1C

Record ID: LANCUM-1C4D1C
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete Early Bronze Age cast copper-alloy undecorated developed flat axe (c. 2000-1700 BC): This implement is sub-rectangular in plan with an expanded crescent shaped blade. The butt, in plan, is complete with a rounded terminal. The side profile of the axe is lentoid with both terminals tapering. In cross section the body of the axe has lentoid profile. The axe appears to be undecorated. The butt end of the axe has been hammered flat creating a proto-stop ridge. The blade tip flares outwards from the body forming a concave hollow. The blade appears to be symmetrical. There is an …
Created on: Tuesday 9th May 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-16229D

Record ID: LANCUM-16229D
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy palstave dating from the Middle Bronze Age, i.e. c. 1500-1300BC. The axe is broken at the butt but is otherwise complete with casting flashes that have been filed but are still slightly raised on the sides. It is part of the Taunton metalwork assemblage. The axe has two triangular flanges (diamond-shaped from the side) and with its small, worn semi-circular stop-ridge it could be related to the shield-pattern palstaves of the Acton Park metalwork assemblage to which it bears some resemblance. The axe is a heavy implement and complete with the two flanges and a cres…
Created on: Tuesday 21st March 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 22nd March 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-EC8B9C

Record ID: LANCUM-EC8B9C
Object type: METAL WORKING DEBRIS
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper alloy metal working waste possibly ore dating from the Early Bronze Age, that is c. 2150BC to the medieval period 1500AD. The ore is in an irregular trapezoid and exhibits corrosion products. It is not possible to refine the chronology on appearance alone. The length is 105mm, the width is 90mm thickness 80mm and the weight too heavy for scales.
Created on: Tuesday 7th March 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 30th May 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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