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    • County: County of Herefordshire
    • Show this many records per page: 40
    • Primary material: Iron

  • Thumbnail image of LVPL-01CD46

Record ID: LVPL-01CD46
Object type: SPUR
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment comprising the neck and heel of a post-medieval iron rowel spur. The neck, which bifurcates to take the missing rowel terminates with an ancient break. One arm is incomplete terminating with an ancient break while the other arm terminates with an integral figure of eight terminal, one loop of which is incomplete. The arms are D-shaped in cross-section and undecorated. Each face of the object has been silvered or tinned. Dimensions: 65mm in length, 60mm in width, 11mm thick, 24.8g
Created on: Tuesday 15th December 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 29th March 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Eaton Bishop', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-1A7B44

Record ID: HESH-1A7B44
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
An iron socketed spearhead, possible eel spear, of post medieval date(1600-1800). The spearhead consists of 6 prongs formed from a single sheet of iron which has been spilt into two pieces, and then made into 3 prongs. The ends of each prong have triangular points. The spear is in fairly good condition. It is a dark brown orange colour with areas of flaking and active corrosion. The spear measures 208.8mm long and 83.1mm wide and 10.1mm thick. The diameter of the socket is 21.7mm. The spearhead weighs 200 grams.
Created on: Thursday 13th March 2014
Last updated: Tuesday 17th July 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leintwardine', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-1A5D66

Record ID: HESH-1A5D66
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron cannon ball of post-medieval (probably English Civil War) date (1600-1700AD). The cannonball is sub-spherical with a diameter of 59.7mm mm. It weighs 6.8 kilograms (15lbs). It is made of iron which has been presumably cast - although the seams cannot be seen. The ball is of a mid-brown orange colour with areas of flaking and active corrosion. The cannon ball is in fairly good condition with no evidence of pitting. If the ball has been fired then it hasn't been damaged - suggesting it didn't hit anything substantial. The size of the ball suggests that it was possibly for a 5.5 …
Created on: Thursday 13th March 2014
Last updated: Wednesday 21st May 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leintwardine', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-CA47E4

Record ID: HESH-CA47E4
Object type: HORSESHOE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Three wrought iron horseshoe of probable later medieval, post-medieval or modern date (1400-1800). All the horseshoe are U shaped in plan with flared and enlarged terminals or heals; in cross section the shoe is sub-rectangular (rectangular with rounded corners. All the shoes have suffered with laminating corrosion that has destroyed their outsurfaces. This has removed what-ever detail present - slight traces of partial fullering can be seen on each branch of the shoes. Fullering is the creation of a U shaped groove through which the nail holes were punched. The horseshoe has an encrus…
Created on: Wednesday 20th November 2013
Last updated: Monday 15th October 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leintwardine', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Image not taken

Record ID: HESH-E5E2C3
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An irregular sub-spherical shaped piece of iron shot / small cannon ball probably of post medieval / civil war date (1600-1700 AD). The ball is of a mid-purplish brown colour with small areas of flaking and active corrosion. The cannon ball is in fairly good condition and with no obvious dents or grazes which might suggest use. It is slightly elliptical but there are no impact marks. The size is small but most probably used in a small cannon called a Falcon (with a 2.5" bore and a ball that weighed 2lbs). Falcons were light and relatively robust being used for close fighting where the…
Created on: Friday 15th February 2013
Last updated: Monday 25th March 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-A0BF71

Record ID: HESH-A0BF71
Object type: KEY (LOCKING)
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete hand made iron rotary key of probable medieval date (1150 - 1400 AD). The key is irregular in plan and cross section. Being made out of iron, it was probably forged. The key can be described in several sections: The bow or handle, shank and bit. The bow consists of a vertical oval, with a circular cross section. It is 46.6mm tall and 29.3mm wide. The shank is attached to the bow at the mid point of the right hand side. Opposite that on the left hand side, there is a slight swelling on the inside surface. The shank consists of an rod, rectangular in plan and circular in cross…
Created on: Thursday 15th December 2011
Last updated: Tuesday 3rd July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-BC24D3

Record ID: HESH-BC24D3
Object type: SLAG
Broad period: ROMAN
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Small fragment of iron slag of unknown date. The associated material (being both Roman and also Post Medieval date) suggest that the context of this find is from is either mixed or has a post medieval intrusion; therefore a wide Roman - Post Medieval date is attributed to this find (50-1800 AD). The slag is slightly magnetic and has an orange coloured corrosion product associated. Where it is broken a honeycomb like internal matrix / structure is revealed. The fragment measures 22mm length, is 11.4mm width, 13.2mm thick and weighs 3.41 grams.
Created on: Thursday 12th May 2011
Last updated: Sunday 10th March 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Madley', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-F0FE65

Record ID: HESH-F0FE65
Object type: FERRULE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron ferrule of unknown date, most likely post medieval 1650 - 1850 (although there is an outside chance that it maybe Roman). The ferrule is formed from a single length of iron sheet that has been formed into a conical sheath; a sub-rectangular projection is present on the upper edge. This is pierced and a small iron rivet is present to secure the ferrule to the shaft. A single split is present along ¾ of the length. The socket is filled with iron enriched soil. This ferrule does not match any illustrated in Manning's: British Museum Catalogue of Romano-British Iron Tools an…
Created on: Sunday 6th February 2011
Last updated: Thursday 7th March 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leintwardine', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-F0F792

Record ID: HESH-F0F792
Object type: NAIL
Broad period: ROMAN
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Four hand wrought iron nails. Each shaft is square in section and each tapers along its length. The head of the nail is square in plan and triangular in section (the head is a faceted dome). It is possible due to the nature of the site that these are Roman in date although due to the nature of the artefact type and its longevity it is very difficult to date specifically. A broad date range of 50 AD - 1850 is suggested. The nails are a mid brown orange colour with encrusted and laminating surfaces. The nails have a bulk weight of 78.6 grams. The largest straight n…
Created on: Sunday 6th February 2011
Last updated: Thursday 7th March 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leintwardine', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-F0F236

Record ID: HESH-F0F236
Object type: NAIL
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Two hand wrought iron nails; one near complete the other fragmentary. Each shaft is square in section and each tapers along its length. The head of the nail is rectangular in plan and triangular in section (the head is a faceted dome). It is possible due to the nature of the site that these are Roman in date although due to the nature of the artefact type and its longevity it is very difficult to date specifically. A broad date range of 50 AD - 1850 is suggested. The nails are a mid brown orange colour with encrusted and laminating surfaces. The nails have a bulk weigh…
Created on: Sunday 6th February 2011
Last updated: Thursday 7th March 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leintwardine', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-F0ECF6

Record ID: HESH-F0ECF6
Object type: HOOK
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron hooked artefact of unknown date. The hooked terminal is well formed from a length of square sectioned iron bar albeit crudely worked. It tapers along its length; the terminal is bent into a U shape. A direct parallel has not been found. It is possible due to the nature of the site that these are Roman in date although due to the nature of the artefact type and its longevity it is very difficult to date specifically. A broad date range of 50 AD - 1850 is suggested. The hook is a mid brown orange colour with encrusted and laminating surfaces. The hook measur…
Created on: Sunday 6th February 2011
Last updated: Thursday 7th March 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leintwardine', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-F0E7A5

Record ID: HESH-F0E7A5
Object type: HOOK
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron hooked artefact of unknown date. The hooked terminal is well formed. It is irregular in width and thickness along its length. The hooked part is sub-rectangular and relatively thin in section. It is uniform along its length and expands dramatically at the junction with the integral spike which is triangular in plan and rectangular in cross section. The end of the spike is lost. A direct parallel has not been found. It is possible due to the nature of the site that these are Roman in date although due to the nature of the artefact type and its longevity it is very difficult t…
Created on: Sunday 6th February 2011
Last updated: Thursday 7th March 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leintwardine', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-C88498

Record ID: HESH-C88498
Object type: UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT
Broad period: ROMAN
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An unidentified hand made iron artefact of unknown function and date. This has been recorded due to the significant and rare survival of Roman metalwork from this site. This artefact seems to be formed from two lengths of iron joined (possibly hammer welded) at their mid-point. The upper length of metal is a sub rectangular rod which taper from a rectangular section at one end to a rounded bar at the other. It is joined at the mid point to a similar but slighter piece of iron which changes from a sub-rectangular bar to a C sectioned bar that matches the cross section of the upper…
Created on: Friday 4th February 2011
Last updated: Thursday 7th March 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leintwardine', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-C85525

Record ID: HESH-C85525
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: ROMAN
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A wrought iron spearhead of probable Roman date, 50 -300 AD. The spearhead is irregular in form; the head is much more like a pilum being square in section and tapering to a point, however the overall form is very slender, almost lance like. The spearhead is best described as having a slender profile with a slight bolt like head with no discernable mid rib The blade has a tapering tip that is pointed; this may howvere be due to corrosion rather than design. The blade thickens along its length, remaining square in section. At a point approximately 5/6 along the length the section …
Created on: Friday 4th February 2011
Last updated: Thursday 7th March 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leintwardine', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-C80E20

Record ID: HESH-C80E20
Object type: UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT
Broad period: ROMAN
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An encrusted iron artefact of probable Roman date. The shape and size of the artefact are unknown due to heavy iron corrosion / encrustation which has laminated in places. The artefact seems to expand from a small blunted point to below the mid point where it then tapers to a slender shaft or tang, possibly for setting within a handle. From what survives it seems that the artefact is not bladed (i.e. a knife) and is possibly a punch or drill of some type. An X-ray of this artefact would help in identifying it - however at present this is impossible. A Roman date is suggested due …
Created on: Friday 4th February 2011
Last updated: Sunday 10th March 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leintwardine', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-C7EFA8

Record ID: HESH-C7EFA8
Object type: UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT
Broad period: ROMAN
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Two lengths of sub-circular sectioned bar or rod, possibly tapering shafts from larger artefacts of possible Roman date. The bars have been hand-forged. They could date from almost any historic period but due to the significant amount of other identifiable Roman metalwork from this garden have been recorded as potentially interesting, but unidentified artefacts. It is possible that these two rods could be the shafts of tools or even pilum (although that maybe doubtful due to their small cross section measurements. The larger of the two fragments seems to change shape in cross sec…
Created on: Friday 4th February 2011
Last updated: Sunday 10th March 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leintwardine', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-C7CB74

Record ID: HESH-C7CB74
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: ROMAN
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A hand forged iron (probable) pilum (or throwing spear / bolt) of probable Roman date, 50 - 200 AD. The pilum is heavily corroded / encrusted suffering from laminating corrosion. It is sub-rectangular in plan and varies in cross section; the shaft has an irregular circular section that expands to a regular square sectioned head that tapers to a blunt point. Much of the surface has been lost to laminating corrosion and the damage to the shaft is relatively old. The pilum head is best described as being a bolt with no signs of bladed edges or sharpened point. The point itself has been …
Created on: Friday 4th February 2011
Last updated: Sunday 10th March 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leintwardine', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-C7A503

Record ID: HESH-C7A503
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: ROMAN
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A hand forged iron pilum (or throwing spear / bolt) of probable Roman date, 50 - 200 AD. The pilum is sub-rectangular in plan and varies in cross section; the shaft has an irregular circular section that expands to a regular square sectioned head that tapers to a blunt point. Much of the surface has been lost to laminating corrosion and the damage to the shaft is relatively old. The pilum head is best described as being a bolt with no signs of bladed edges or sharpened point. The point itself has been lost to laminating corrosion and is at present best described as being blunted; ho…
Created on: Friday 4th February 2011
Last updated: Tuesday 31st July 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leintwardine', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-730755

Record ID: HESH-730755
Object type: CAULDRON
Broad period: MODERN
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Large fragment from an Iron Cauldron of later medieval – early modern date (1350-1850). These vessels are very practical and therefore their design remained constant for a long time. This example is likely to date after 1650 due to the condition of the metal; however an earlier date cannot be ruled out. Approximately 1/8 of the vessel survives; it has a wide everted angular rim which extends into the body of the vessel. The body tapers and swells presumably to form a wide mid-point which tapers to a dished base. On one edge a small rod-like angular handle survives, this is attach…
Created on: Thursday 15th April 2010
Last updated: Tuesday 15th January 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-650301

Record ID: HESH-650301
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron axehead of probable Medieval date (1000 – 1500 AD). The axe is broadly sub-rectangular in plan with a relatively regular expanded blade. The socket of the axe is formed by the tail of the axe being folded and welded; the socket is sub-rectangular in shape measuring 41.9mm length x 26.7mm width. The butt of the axe is rectangular. As the blade expands in width it tapers in section; forming a wide even cutting edge. A bevelled blade facet can be seen on the edge of the blade, but much of the cutting edge is lost. The axehead is a mid blackish brown colour and has not been treat…
Created on: Tuesday 9th March 2010
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-C0B5F1

Record ID: HESH-C0B5F1
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: ROMAN
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A wrought iron spearhead of probable Roman date, 50 -300 AD. The spearhead is irregular in shape and has been distorted / bent by movement in the soil. It is broadly sub-rectangular in shape and varies in cross section. It measures 84.9mm length (although this is not total due to bending of blade) 22.9mm width across blade, 17.9mm maximum diameter of socket, and is 6.3mm thick across blade. The spearhead weighs 39.96 grams The spearhead is best described as having a slender profile with a slight leaf shaped blade and discernable mid rib (lozenge / lentoid) cross section. The cross sec…
Created on: Tuesday 26th May 2009
Last updated: Thursday 5th April 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Weston Under Penyard', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-C0AC83

Record ID: HESH-C0AC83
Object type: UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT
Broad period: ROMAN
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An unidentified and undated iron artefact; it is possible that this may be part of a hook or similar style of artefact probably associated with buildings. In form the artefact is similar to a large nail with a hook shaped terminal. The nail is broadly sub-rectangular in plan and square in cross section. It tapers from a thickened middle to a corroded point. The opposite terminal has been flattened (being rectangular in cross section) and is curled back upon itself forming a crude hook. The curved nature of this seems to be deliberate rather than a result of movement in the soil. The …
Created on: Tuesday 26th May 2009
Last updated: Thursday 5th April 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Weston Under Penyard', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-9656C3

Record ID: HESH-9656C3
Object type: KNIFE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A much corroded fragment of an iron knife, encased with a corrosion product which makes identification difficult. The fragment consists of the bolster, which would have projected from the end of the handle, with a fragment of blade on one side and a relatively narrow oval-section tang on the other. It expands from the tang into an irregular wedge shape which is flattened along one edge. It is possible that the bolster is decorated, but this detail is encased within the corrosion product. The object measures 59.8mm in length, 21.4mm in width, is 14.3mm thick and weighs 21.5g. It is a m…
Created on: Tuesday 12th May 2009
Last updated: Monday 14th November 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Madley', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-27F9B2

Record ID: HESH-27F9B2
Object type: KEY (LOCKING)
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment an iron key of probable medieval or post medieval date (1300-1700). The fragment consists of the lower shank and bit and is much corroded. It is broadly sub-rectangular in both plan and cross section and has been much abraded in the ploughsoil. The shank of the key is sub-rectangular and solid being square in cross section. From the lower edge of the shank a sub-rectangular bit projects. The bit is irregular with a number (probably three clefts on each edge. The corrosion is encrusted in places and prevents further detailed description. The fragment measures 28mm length, 2…
Created on: Friday 12th December 2008
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Credenhill', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-9204C4

Record ID: HESH-9204C4
Object type: KEY (LOCKING)
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Wrought iron key of probable later medieval – early modern date (1400 - 1800). The key is incomplete and broadly sub rectangular in plan. It consists of an iron oval shaped incomplete loop, which has broken as a result of corrosion. This loop extends into an oval section iron bar (shank) which tapers slightly along its length. From the lower edge of the shank a sub-rectangular bit projects. The bit of the key is corroded and is broadly rectangular with a single cleft (rectangular shaped cut) dividing the bit into two parts. This cleft has a single horizontal incision through it formi…
Created on: Thursday 14th September 2006
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-4714F5

Record ID: HESH-4714F5
Object type: KNIFE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Corroded iron knife blade with bone (?) handle of late medieval or early post medieval date (1450-1600). The knife blade has corroded and been broken; the extent of the original blade cannot be assessed. The handle is set onto the knife by a tapering small sectioned tang. The end of the tang protrudes from the top edge of the handle and is covered by a decorative cap. Due to the nature of the artefact and the expense of x-rays the extent and nature of the tang cannot be investigated. It seems that the only method of attaching the blade to the handle is the tang. The handle is formed fr…
Created on: Wednesday 24th May 2006
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-1FFFB7

Record ID: HESH-1FFFB7
Object type: HORSESHOE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Wrought iron horseshoe of probable post-medieval or modern date (1600-1800). The horseshoe is U shaped in plan with flared and enlarged terminals or heals; in cross section the shoe is sub-rectangular (rectangular with rounded corners). It measures 122.7mm in length, 131.1mm width and is 10mm thick. The horseshoe weighs 351 grams. The frog (internal area between the two branches) measures 69.4mm. The distance between the two heals (terminals) is 54mm and each of the terminals (or calkins) have been upturned. The width of the shoe varies along its length: it has a maximum width of 39.8m…
Created on: Monday 22nd November 2004
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded.


  • Image not taken

Record ID: WMID2875
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
The object is sub-spherical due to the surface corroding. There are no obvious signs of wear or impact on the item.
Created on: Wednesday 17th January 2001
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'HEREFORD AND WORCESTER NORTON', grid reference and parish protected.


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