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    • County: County of Herefordshire
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    • Broad period: NEOLITHIC
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    • Primary material: Stone

  • Thumbnail image of HESH-792474

Record ID: HESH-792474
Object type: AXE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete, but damaged, knapped (?), and ground axe head of probable later Neolithic date (2900-2100 BC). The axe is knapped from a mid brownish green black igneous rock, possibly a Gabbro. This rock could be knapped in a similar way to flint to form tools. However, the composition of the rock which forms the axe head is different to that of the majority of stone axe heads from the period. The axe head also has a thin seam of softer material probably a pyroxene inclusion. Pyroxene is common as an inclusion in many igneous rocks but is not often found in stone axe heads. The presence o…
Created on: Wednesday 25th January 2006
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-277E48

Record ID: HESH-277E48
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete but damaged knapped, ground and polished axe-head of probable later Neolithic date (2900-2100 BC). The axe is knapped from a mid grey buff volcanic tuff. This rock type is formed from compressed volcanic ash and has a fine grained composition with infrequent crystalline inclusions. Tuff is found in Britain and Ireland in a band that runs down the Irish Sea from the Lake District (the Langdale's source Group VI), County Antrim (Ireland), through North Wales (Graig Lwyd Group VII), and into Cornwall and Devon (Groups XVI and IV respectively). Volcanic tuff is similar to flint…
Created on: Thursday 20th September 2007
Last updated: Friday 15th May 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WMID-A01443

Record ID: WMID-A01443
Object type: AXE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A prehistoric stone axe of probable early Neolithic date. The axe has been made from a fine grained igneous rock, dark grey in colour with fine white inclusions. The axe has been manufactured by chipping and grinding. The chipping is predominantly associated with the lateral edges and the butt of the axe. The blade has been formed through grinding of the body of the axe. The axe is fairly crude and not nearly so finely finished as some Neolithic axes. This may perhaps indicate that it was intended to be purely functional and not intended to be used as a status symbol. Damage to the bl…
Created on: Thursday 17th June 2010
Last updated: Thursday 17th June 2010
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-F68E44

Record ID: HESH-F68E44
Object type: AXE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A large fragment from a knapped, ground and polished stone axehead of later Neolithic date (2900-2100 BC). The axe is knapped from a dark grey black volcanic tuff. This rock type is formed from compressed volcanic ash and has a fine grained composition; there are no signs of inclusions within the exposed fresh surface, but the axe is very heavy for its size possibly suggesting large iron content. The broken edge is a much lighter colour to the polished surfaces. Tuff is found in Britain and Ireland in a band that runs down the Irish Sea from the Lake District (the Langdale's source Gr…
Created on: Monday 19th December 2011
Last updated: Wednesday 2nd May 2012
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-6C7041

Record ID: HESH-6C7041
Object type: PENDANT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A ground and polished stone pendant of uncertain / unknown date c. 3500 BC - 1950 AD). The pendant is formed from a fine grained volcanic tuff (pers comm. Lockett) which is a mid grey - black colour with relatively no inclusions, as such it is well adapted for flaking, grinding and polishing. The pendant is broadly sub-rectangular in plan and section; it tapers win thickness and width toward the upper edge, which is pierced with a relatively circular hole. This hole has been drilled from two sides and the cross section of it is hour-glass shaped. The interior of the hole has marked sc…
Created on: Wednesday 20th July 2011
Last updated: Wednesday 8th August 2012
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-2E225F

Record ID: HESH-2E225F
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A near complete axe head formed of a coarse grained igneous rock dating from the later Neolithic date (3000-2000 BC). The axe has been knapped and pecked into shape although the surface is heavily weathered. The rock from which it is made is a mid-brown fine grained igneous - possibly a diorite with significant inclusions of elongated rectangular black crystals - possibly biotite of hornblende. There is considerable mid orange staining across the body of the axe and this maybe as a result of the burial environment - possibly indicating deposition within soils that are iron rich or have…
Created on: Monday 19th November 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 23rd January 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-216050

Record ID: HESH-216050
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A complete pecked, ground, and polished stone axe / axehead of probable Neolithic date (3500-2100 BC). The axe is worked from a mid greenish grey coloured igneous rock, with large (between 0.5 and 3.5mm) black, grey, and white coloured angular inclusions. There are also a series of prominent black coloured veins that meander across the polished surface of the axe. The source of the stone is unknown - but it most resembles an Olavante dolerite. This rock could be knapped and worked in a similar way to flint to form tools. The axe is irregular in plan and broadly oval in cross secti…
Created on: Tuesday 12th May 2015
Last updated: Wednesday 23rd September 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Longtown', grid reference and parish protected.


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