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    • Broad period: PALAEOLITHIC
    • Created by: Anni Byard

  • Thumbnail image of OXON-7C4F41

Record ID: OXON-7C4F41
Object type: BLADE
Broad period: PALAEOLITHIC
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete flint bladelet with a rubbed end dating to the Late Upper Palaeolithic or early Mesolithic period, c. 40,000 - 7,000 BC. The bladelet has been made from a tertiary flake of a mottled dark brown flint. Part of the platform has been retained and this also appears to have been rubbed, as has the distal end. There are thin flake scars over the dorsal surface. There is possible ancient reutilisation damage on the left hand edge.
Created on: Friday 25th May 2018
Last updated: Friday 25th May 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of OXON-B29187

Record ID: OXON-B29187
Object type: END SCRAPER
Broad period: PALAEOLITHIC
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A flint end-scraper made on a thick flake of a brown-orange flint. The scraper is sub-square in plan and broadly rectangular in profile, although the large bulb is retained on the reverse. There has been some recortication of the scraper, with this extending over the hard hammer retouching on the right side of the distal end. There are more modern removals (cutting through the patina of the recortication) to the left hand edge. This piece is hard to date as its execution is generally undiagnostic, however it is potentially Palaeolithic (c. 450,000-10,000 BC).
Created on: Thursday 3rd May 2018
Last updated: Friday 25th May 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-AA8256

Record ID: BERK-AA8256
Object type: HANDAXE
Broad period: PALAEOLITHIC
County: Hampshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A complete Lower Palaeolithic flint cordate handaxe in very good condition, dating from c. 500,000-150,000 BC. An elaborate tool with bifacial removals achieved by hard hammer percussion. Some recortifcation and post-depositional weather damage is evident with more recent damage to tip. The butt is trimmed and the point rounded. The raw material is buff in colour externally.
Created on: Wednesday 21st December 2016
Last updated: Monday 9th October 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-E568A4

Record ID: BERK-E568A4
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: PALAEOLITHIC
County: West Berkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A patinated and iron stained flint blade, probably dating to the later stages of the Upper Palaeolithic (c. 40,000 BC - 8,300 BC). The blade has a plain platform from where it was struck from the core, and a diffuse bulb. The blade is slightly curved and retains some cortex on the distal end of the dorsal surface. Retouching is evident along both left and right dorsal edges, however there is also modern machine damage evident to both side and the central ridge is crushed. There is also some crushing to the right hand side of the tip. The Late or Final Upper Palaeolithic period dated f…
Created on: Friday 15th February 2013
Last updated: Monday 18th February 2013
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-7F2596

Record ID: BERK-7F2596
Object type: HANDAXE
Broad period: PALAEOLITHIC
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A lower palaeolithic handaxe, dating from c. 476,000 - 421,000 BC. The handaxe has been made of a flint nodule that has a greyish-white outer colouring, likely to be from a chalk downlands source. Dating from the Anglian phase of the Lower Palaeolithic, c. 478,000 to 423,000 years ago, the hand axe has bifacial removals made using a hard hammer, such as another stone. Although the hand axe has some post-depositional damage and iron staining, it survives in very good condition. Based on the location of discovery this hand axe probably derived from the Caversham Channel, an ancient rout…
Created on: Thursday 17th January 2013
Last updated: Monday 4th September 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-38A5D3

Record ID: BERK-38A5D3
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: PALAEOLITHIC
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A lithic implement, possibly an Lower Paleolithic hand axe but it is also possible that it is a Late Neolithic 'Ovate'. Roughly flaked but with some finer retouch forming a point.
Created on: Wednesday 14th November 2012
Last updated: Friday 24th October 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Caversham area', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-6290A0

Record ID: BERK-6290A0
Object type: HANDAXE
Broad period: PALAEOLITHIC
County: Buckinghamshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A complete pointed handaxe dating from the Lower Palaeolithic period (c, 500,000-40,000 BC). The handaxe is in good condition and appears to have been 'rolled', a reflection of its age and suggesting it has been in a high energy environment (such as a river) before its final deposition. The flint appears to be Chiltern flint, now being a reddish-orange in colour. Recortication is evident on the dorsal surface.
Created on: Wednesday 30th November 2011
Last updated: Sunday 25th March 2012
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-AC5646

Record ID: BERK-AC5646
Object type: HANDAXE
Broad period: PALAEOLITHIC
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A probable Middle Palaeolithic handaxe. The handaxe is incomplete and was probably broken during manufacture or use, while one small area of more modern damage is evident. The handaxe is bifacially retouched, and a creamy grey core is covered by a thick orange patina, suggesting a gravel bed context or source, such as those known from Cassington, Oxon. The Devensian period at Cassington is well attested from evidence gained during gravel extractions. The period here dates from c.75,000BC to 35,000BC but this find is likely to have been redeposited from an earlier layer. The handaxe me…
Created on: Saturday 24th July 2010
Last updated: Friday 9th May 2014
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-2B1DB7

Record ID: BERK-2B1DB7
Object type: HANDAXE
Broad period: PALAEOLITHIC
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A Middle Palaeolithic Devensian cordiform handaxe from Cassington, Oxfordshire. The handaxe is bifacially retouched but does display some more modern weathering damage including fracturing and spooling. A grey-blue core is covered by a thick creamy-yellow patina. The handaxe measures 74.81mm long, 64.99mm wide and is 19.83mm thick. It measures 86.7gms. The Devensian period at Cassington is well attested from evidence gained during gravel extractions. The period here dates from c.75,000BC to 35,000BC.
Created on: Thursday 6th May 2010
Last updated: Tuesday 29th April 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-2A4F53

Record ID: BERK-2A4F53
Object type: HANDAXE
Broad period: PALAEOLITHIC
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A Lower (Acheulean) or Middle Palaeolithic handaxe dating from c.500,000 - 40,000 BC. This handaxe is similar to the Mode 2 Type F pointed handaxe (after Wymer 1999, Butler 2005) with a rounded point and trimmed butt. The handaxe is bifacial and has had all the cortex removed. It is very heavily patinated to a yellow-brown over a lighter brown/grey core. All ridges and removals are worn smooth probably due to water and glacial action. The butt displays possible post-depostitional frost fractures. This is a very nice example of a palaeolithic handaxe. It measures 145.97mm long, 74.35mm…
Created on: Wednesday 12th August 2009
Last updated: Thursday 8th May 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Sea Palling', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Image not taken

Record ID: BERK-682545
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: PALAEOLITHIC
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A tertiary flake with buff-coloured patina. This flake has been retouched on both lateral edges and the proximal tip, and the bulb has been removed. The same thick patina seen over the dorsal and ventral sides of the flake can be seen over the retouched edges. There is a sub-circular notch fracture at the proximal end, although this appears to be natural. The patina on this flake suggests a date of great antiquity, possible dating from the Upper Palaeolithic or Mesolithic periods (c.300,000 - 4500 BC). This retouched flake may have been used as an end and side scraper. The flake's sha…
Created on: Wednesday 3rd June 2009
Last updated: Tuesday 18th October 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Begbrooke', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Image not taken

Record ID: BERK-648C34
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: PALAEOLITHIC
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An unusual flint flake, with some limited retouch along the lateral edges and distal tip. The flake has a natural hole towards the proximal tip, but it does not show signs of human manipulation. The distal tip is hooked and appears to have occured naturally when the flake was struck from the core. Although the retouch is minimal, there are signs of human working, and this flake may have been utilised as a scraper or blade (one edge is quite jagged). The tool may have have been utilised as a piercing tool as the tip shows signs of being pressed hard against something and is crushed and …
Created on: Wednesday 3rd June 2009
Last updated: Monday 5th January 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Begbrooke', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-7F2EB6

Record ID: BERK-7F2EB6
Object type: HANDAXE
Broad period: PALAEOLITHIC
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A Lower Palaeolothic handaxe made from a red-orange quartzite pebble with some retention of the outer cortex at the proximal end. Large bifacial flake removals evident, with smaller flaked removals at the distal end, but no further retouching is evident. The handaxe is 99.54mm in length, 70.56mm in width and 30.45mm thick. It weighs 262.8 gms and dates to the Lower Palaeolithic period, between 500,000 - 180,000 BC. Previously, no Lower Palaeolithic finds have been recorded in Leafield Parish - most sites of this period are identified on or close to waterways - Leafield village is betw…
Created on: Thursday 4th December 2008
Last updated: Monday 20th March 2017
No spatial data available.


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