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    • Broad period: NEOLITHIC
    • Created by: Stuart Noon

  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-D86BA5

Record ID: LANCUM-D86BA5
Object type: MACE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Stone perforated axe-hammer of probably the very late Neolithic or early Bronze Age period, dating from c. BC 2500 - c. BC 1800. Axe-hammers are also known as Battle Axes and some of the smaller examples have been recorded as perforated maces (mace-heads). The differences between these types / classifications are uncertain and the artefact type as a whole is in need of reassessment in line with modern discoveries and approaches to artefact studies. This is further complicated by signs of water wear on the artefact making it difficult to definitively identify as an axe hammer or mac…
Created on: Tuesday 30th May 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-D855C3

Record ID: LANCUM-D855C3
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Published Find published
An incomplete polished stone Langdale Tuff axehead of Neolithic date (3500-2400 BC). The handaxe is broken at the cutting edge and at the butt end. The surface of the axe is granular but smooth with a distinct blue green hue. The object is sub-rectangular in plan and tapers inward toward the butt and is sub-ovate is section with slightly flattened sides. The blade end tapers out to the sided and in along the blade edge. The axe is broken at the blade and along one side. It is possible that it has been ritually broken. The object is a Langdale polished Axehead, called as such due to th…
Created on: Tuesday 30th May 2017
Last updated: Friday 13th April 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-071F18

Record ID: LANCUM-071F18
Object type: SCRAPER (TOOL)
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Neolithic to early Bronze Age flint scraper reused. The tool constitues a probable waste flake that was retouched in period to form a scraper & retouched in a later period to form an expedient cutting edge The length is 31mm, the width is 25mm and the weight 2.44g.
Created on: Monday 8th May 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 25th September 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-686E06

Record ID: LANCUM-686E06
Object type: AXEHEAD ROUGHOUT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A complete though probably unfinished stone axehead probably a roughout of Neolithic date, c. 3500 - 2100 BC discovered below the foundations of a cottage garden wall. The axehead is possibly of the Graig Lwyd Group VII axe - the patina looks the type and the white speckles on a blue-grey matrix is typical of the rock type or it could be an epidiotised greenstone Group VI Langdale axe. The axe head is trapezoidal in plan with a pointed ovate section. The surfaces are rough with a chip to one side of the butt edge. The unpolished nature of the object suggests it was not properly finishe…
Created on: Monday 13th March 2017
Last updated: Friday 13th April 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-596416

Record ID: LANCUM-596416
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A flint thumb-nail scraper of very late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age date c.2400-2100 BC. The flint is sub-rounded save for the striking platform edge. It has has short scaled abrupt retouch around the entirety of the rounded edges. The ventral face has been heavily rework to flatten the bulb of percussion with long invasive low angled retouch. Almost all the striking appears to be with heavy hammer technology. The scraper is a limid reddish yellow with mottling possibly from being exposed. The length is 27mm, the width is 14mm, thickness 13mm and the weight 3.77g.
Created on: Monday 5th December 2016
Last updated: Monday 5th December 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-9E4FAF

Record ID: LANCUM-9E4FAF
Object type: HAMMERSTONE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Blackburn with Darwen
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Smooth stone probably dating to the later prehistoric period 3500 to 800BC. Probably quartzite and is sub-oval in plan, lenticular in profile and in section. It may have been used as a hammerstones which are hard cobbles used to strike lithic flakes during the process of lithic reduction or crushing minerals. It may also be a rubbing stone used in the manufacture of hide or within a saddle quern to grind grain. The length is 150mm, the width is 140mm and the weight too heavy for scales.
Created on: Monday 14th November 2016
Last updated: Monday 14th November 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-A4EF0E

Record ID: LANCUM-A4EF0E
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Doncaster
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A flint thumb nail scraper of probable Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age date (2400 BC - 2200 BC). The opaque dark brown flint is a worked tertiary flake with some of the core remaining. It is sub-semi-circular in plan and triangular in cross-section. There is short, scaled, semi-abrupt retouch on the curved distal end and sides, with scaled removals on the dorsal face.The length is 41mm, the width is 40mm and the weight 5.55g.
Created on: Tuesday 27th September 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 5th October 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-11F7AD

Record ID: LANCUM-11F7AD
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Nottinghamshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A flint barbed and tanged arrowhead dating from the Late Neolithic or Bronze Age period, about 2400 BC - 1600 BC. It is made from very pale grey flint. The arrowhead is triangular in plan with a central narrow tang and two barbs, both barbs are broken and are shorter than the tang. The arrowhead is bi-marginally reworked around its entire edge and on both the ventral and dorsal faces. The length is 35mm, width is 23mm, and the weight is 1.74g. Similar objects recorded on the database include: SWYOR-3D5FDB, SWYOR-7F6C59, SOM-13B014, IOW-1F59B4
Created on: Tuesday 22nd March 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 6th April 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-471C9D

Record ID: LANCUM-471C9D
Object type: AXEHEAD ROUGHOUT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Possibly a late Neolithic to early Bronze Age axe head roughout made from a tertiary flake of Langdale tuff. Triangular in plan with a rounded butt end and sharp distal end, it is triangular in section. The base is slightly curved and convex while the upper surface shows a large bulb of percussion and secondary removals. The length is 120mm, the width is 80mm thickness 25mm and the weight 103.95g. This rock type is formed from compressed volcanic ash and has a fine grained composition with infrequent crystalline inclusions. Tuff is found in Britain and Ireland in a band that runs down…
Created on: Tuesday 26th May 2015
Last updated: Monday 24th October 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-46ACF8

Record ID: LANCUM-46ACF8
Object type: AXEHEAD ROUGHOUT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Possibly a late Neolithic to early Bronze Age axe head roughout made from a tertiary flake of Langdale tuff. Triangular in plan, profile and section; the base being slightly convex, but almost flat. The piece is bevelled to a broad edge at one end and tapers to a point at the other, to form a conical shape, similar to the pointed butt end of an axe. The surface appears to have been ground into this shape, rather than weathered, having numerous flakes removed from the bevelled edge. This rock type is formed from compressed volcanic ash and has a fine grained composition with infrequent…
Created on: Tuesday 26th May 2015
Last updated: Monday 24th October 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-4F7FC9

Record ID: LANCUM-4F7FC9
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: East Riding of Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A flint scraper of Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age date (2700 - 1601BC). It is a broad U shape in plan with one convex edge and one concave edge. The flint is of a pale grey colour with some paler spots. The flake has invasive, low angle retouch on all edges and a long flake has been removed from the dorsal side. It is slightly concave on the ventral side. The length is 23mm, the width is 16mm, thickness 4mm and the weight 0.84g.
Created on: Wednesday 8th April 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 26th May 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-4F75C1

Record ID: LANCUM-4F75C1
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: East Riding of Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A flint scraper of Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age date (2700 - 1601BC). It is D shaped in plan with one convex edge and one notched concave edge. The flint is of a mid-brown colour with some paler spots. It retains an area of cortex at one end. The flake has invasive, scaled, low angle retouch on all edges with some semi abrupt retouch on the notched edge. There is a low bulb of percussion on the ventral side. The length is 28mm, the width is 22mm, thickness 6mm and the weight 2.35g.
Created on: Wednesday 8th April 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 26th May 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-4F6DBD

Record ID: LANCUM-4F6DBD
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: East Riding of Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A flint blade scraper of Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age date (2700 - 1601BC). It is triangular in plan and tapering in section. The flint is of a light brown colour with some paler spots. The flake has invasive, scaled, low angle retouch on all edges, particularly on the ventral side. It is slightly concave on the ventral side.The length is 36mm, the width is 25mm, thickness 11mm and the weight 6.59g.
Created on: Wednesday 8th April 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 22nd September 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-4F65F8

Record ID: LANCUM-4F65F8
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: East Riding of Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A flint tool, possibly a scraper of Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age date (2700 - 1601BC). It is irregular in shape. Mid-grey in colour, with some paler spots. There is some evidence of semi-abrupt retouch on two of the edges.The length is 25mm, the width is 23mm, thickness 9mm and the weight 3.54g.
Created on: Wednesday 8th April 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 22nd September 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-4F5CE9

Record ID: LANCUM-4F5CE9
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: East Riding of Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A flint blade scraper of Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age date (2700 - 1601BC). The flint is of a mid- grey colour with some paler spots. It retains a small area of cortex at the proximal end. The flake has low angle retouch on both edges. It is slightly concave on the ventral side.The length is 50mm, the width is 25mm, thickness 11mm and the weight 7.61g.
Created on: Wednesday 8th April 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 22nd September 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-4F52E9

Record ID: LANCUM-4F52E9
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: East Riding of Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A flint blade scraper of Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age date (2700 - 1601BC). The flint is of a mid- grey colour with some paler spots. Formed from a tertiary flake with invasive retouch on the dorsal face, it is slightly concave on the ventral side while the dorsal ridge has been flattened by removal of a single long flake.The length is 28mm, the width is 16mm, thickness 5mm and the weight 2.41g.
Created on: Wednesday 8th April 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 22nd September 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-4F41F1

Record ID: LANCUM-4F41F1
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: East Riding of Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A flint thumb nail type scraper of Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age date (2700 - 1601BC). Sub-circular with one square end in plan and tapering in section. The flint is of a mid- grey colour. Formed from a tertiary flake with invasive retouch on all faces, particularly abrupt at one end. There is a remnant bulb of percussion which has been reduced and evidence of some conchoidal ripple marks. The length is 37mm, the width is 34mm thickness and the weight 8.32g.
Created on: Wednesday 8th April 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 22nd September 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-4F004A

Record ID: LANCUM-4F004A
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A flint flake scraper of Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age date (2700 - 1601BC). Sub-rectangular in plan. The flint is of a dark grey colour, but exhibits some light grey patination. Formed from a tertiary flake showing some invasive, low angle stepped retouch, particularly on the dorsal side. The length is 23mm, the width is 18mm
Created on: Wednesday 8th April 2015
Last updated: Monday 24th October 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'St Bees', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-3E3349

Record ID: LANCUM-3E3349
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A semi-circular Neolithic end and side scraper made from a large flake of grey flint. The ventral side is slightly concave and shows pronounced conchoidal ripples with some scaled retouch. It has two small patches of lighter colour. The dorsal side retains an area of cortex at the distal end. Several large flakes have been removed to flatten the dorsal side below this cortex. One edge is relatively straight, while the opposite edge is convex. Both edges and the proximal end show significant abrupt, short retouch to create a scraper. 4000-2351 BC. The length is 40mm, the width is 26mm,…
Created on: Tuesday 7th April 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 22nd September 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-AB496F

Record ID: LANCUM-AB496F
Object type: AXEHEAD ROUGHOUT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A stone axehead roughout made from Langdale epidotized tuff stone and dating from the Neolithic Period, 3000 BC - 2350 BC. Lenticular in section, partially polished overall but with shaping scars still visible. Cutting edge curved and sharp, sides tapering towards narrow, straight butt. The axe may have been polished by exposure to wear by being immersed in the sea. tuff is formed from compressed volcanic ash and has a fine grained composition with infrequent crystalline inclusions. Tuff is found in Britain and Ireland in a band that runs down the Irish Sea from the Lake District (the…
Created on: Tuesday 31st March 2015
Last updated: Monday 24th October 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'St Bees Head', grid reference and parish protected.


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