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    • Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
    • Created by: Sophie Flynn

  • Thumbnail image of ESS-AF24EC

Record ID: ESS-AF24EC
Object type: STRAP END
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy strap end of Early Medieval date, c. 700 - 100 AD. The item is an elongated oval shape and cast in one piece with a split end. There appears to be the remains of two rivet holes at the terminal of the strap end, whilst the opposite end tapers to a point. The remains of moulded relief decorations on both front and back, though the details are not clear and very worn. Dimensions: weight: 1.7g, length: 33.2mm, width: 10.3mm, thickness: 1.4mm
Created on: Monday 19th February 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 20th February 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-0837E0

Record ID: ESS-0837E0
Object type: COIN
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An early-medieval silver penny of Offa of Mercia (757-96), Light Coinage (c.765-92), mint: Canterbury, moneyer: Udd, obverse: Chick 103 (North 261), reverse: Chick 87-8 (North 200). Refs: Chick 2010: pl. 14 (obverse), pl. 12 (reverse). ‚ÄčThe coin is somewhat worn, particularly on the reverse, of which only the central portion is visible, with the outer esges of the coin face having worn away.
Created on: Thursday 18th January 2018
Last updated: Friday 19th January 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-57E516

Record ID: ESS-57E516
Object type: UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy probable mount terminal or fitting. Date unknown. The item is sub cylindrical in shape and zoomorphic in form. One end is broken and was likely attached as part of a larger artefact. The intact terminal seems to end in two protruding knops which could represent animal ears. The entire length of the cylindrical shaft contains iron, suggesting the item has an iron core with an copper-alloy outer surface. The shaft of the item shows moulded relief, and on the side directly opposite that of the 'ears', there is a single small protruding knop. Close to the break there are two…
Created on: Monday 4th December 2017
Last updated: Monday 29th January 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-56BD45

Record ID: ESS-56BD45
Object type: COIN
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Heavily corroded Early-Medieval silver continental sceat of an anonymous ruler dating from c. AD 700 - 715. Primary series D, type 2c, depicting radiate head/cross pommee. Frisian Domburg mint. Abramson (2006), p.98, no.D270
Created on: Monday 4th December 2017
Last updated: Friday 2nd February 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6E1849

Record ID: ESS-6E1849
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An Early Medieval copper alloy oval single loop buckle complete with pin. Dating from c. 450 - 700 AD. The frame has a slightly offset and narrowed bar (circular in cross-section) and a shallow transverse notch in the outside edge for the pin. There is a recess in the axis bar where one end of the pin curls around to secure it in place. The tip of the pin rests on the groove at the centre of outer edge of the frame. The buckle surface is decorated around its outer edge with incised 'V' shapes recurring and pointing inward toward the centre of the frame. These are not present on the …
Created on: Thursday 23rd November 2017
Last updated: Thursday 23rd November 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-B0FE2E

Record ID: ESS-B0FE2E
Object type: STIRRUP
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper-alloy Early Medieval stirrup strap mount. Williams' class A type 6 (see Williams 1997, pg 43). This item dates from c. 1000 - 1100 The mount is formed of a sub-oval shaped body with a (now worn) zoomorphic apex terminal. There is an angled flange on the bottom edge which curves down and outward away from the decorated face. Also along the bottom edge there are two semi-circular voids which are the remains of the original rivet holes, the outer edges of which have since worn away. The moulded relief on the front of the strap mount is of the tree and bifurcating serpent des…
Created on: Tuesday 14th November 2017
Last updated: Thursday 23rd November 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-20092E

Record ID: ESS-20092E
Object type: MOUNT
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper-alloy strap mount. This item is gilded and features decoration in the Style II tradition on the face. It is 'tongue' shaped, or rectangular with one curved edge when viewed in plan. In cross section the item is rectangular. The decoration is comprised of a double interlace design within a raised double border. There also appears to be two animal heads (possibly beaked) pointing up toward the straight edge of the mount found interposing the border on either edge. Based on the style of the artefact, a suggested date of late 6th to early 7th century is proposed. A similar, t…
Created on: Thursday 26th October 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 20th February 2018
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-4B153A

Record ID: ESS-4B153A
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Incomplete cast Early Medieval pin from a single looped buckle. The buckle is of the 'shield on tongue' type, dating to c. AD 575 - 625. The item resembles a violin in shape, with a semi-circular portion on the end and a narrowed waist which juts back out to form two rounded notched lobes. The body of the pin has a rectangular cross section. The shaft extends from the edge of the buckle pin where the notched lobes are, and curves downward toward the underside of the pin. The shaft is 'D' shaped in cross section. This example features an engraved cross in the form of an 'X' on the bod…
Created on: Monday 16th October 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 22nd November 2017
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-4B0ACA

Record ID: ESS-4B0ACA
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Incomplete cast copper-alloy Early Medieval pin from a single looped buckle. The buckle is of the 'shield on tongue' type, dating to c. AD 575 - 625. The item resembles a violin in shape, with a semi-circular portion on the end and a narrowed waist which juts back out to form two rounded notched lobes. The body of the pin has a rectangular cross section. The shaft extends from the edge of the buckle pin where the notched lobes are, and curves downward toward the underside of the pin. The shaft is 'D' shaped in cross section. Dimensions: weight: 13.9g, length: 31.1mm, width: 15.9mm, …
Created on: Monday 16th October 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 22nd November 2017
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-8A8771

Record ID: ESS-8A8771
Object type: BROOCH
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper-alloy square-headed brooch of the small-long variety. Dating to the Early Medieval period, c. 6th - 7th centuries (AD 500 - 700). The head is square in shape though the lower edge is cut into by the top of the bow, forming two slight flanges on the lower edge of the square head. The bow is slightly curved and features moulded raised transverse linear ridge decoration of varying thickness, concentrated near the junctures with the head and the foot. The foot is fan-shaped and flares out from the end of the bow before forming a curving bottom edge. The back of the square h…
Created on: Wednesday 26th July 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 22nd November 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6F1F7E

Record ID: ESS-6F1F7E
Object type: PIN
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Incomplete copper-alloy cast pin of Early Medieval date (c. AD700-900). There is a short length of the shaft remaining. The pin head is polyhedral in shape. The two largest faces are heptagonal, whilst the top and the two faces on either side are hexagonal/sub-rectangular. The remaining four faces (extending from the sides of the pin and those next to the top face) are rectangular and bevelled, with a central ridge. The largest two faces (front and back) show engraved decoration in the form of three dot motifs on either side. There is no shoulder or collar separating the head from the …
Created on: Thursday 25th May 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 14th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-58F592

Record ID: ESS-58F592
Object type: HOOKED TAG
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Hertfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy Early Medieval dress hook or fastener (c. 600-1150AD). The item is roughly triangular in shape and tapers to a sharp hooked point at the end, the tip of which is missing. The surface is decorated with a ring and dot motif consisting of 10 individual ringed dots, enclosed within an incised border which consists of a thin line close to the edge of the item that follows its shape. The back is plan and undecorated. The top edge is engrailed and three holes in a line are situated close to the edge - one on either side and the third in the centre. These would have been us…
Created on: Wednesday 24th May 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 14th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-F7226A

Record ID: ESS-F7226A
Object type: BROOCH
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper alloy cast small long brooch of 5th to 6th century date (c.425 - 575 AD). The headplate is square and relatively small when compared to the overall size of the item. The pin hinge, which is attached on the reverse, takes up much of the space on the back of the headplate, and features a pin lug loop with partial remains of the pin intact and iron corrosion. The head plate, like the rest of the brooch surface, is plain and undecorated. The bow is 'D' shaped in cross section and forms a short 'C' curve being attached at the top to the head plate and at the bottom to the foot. The…
Created on: Tuesday 25th April 2017
Last updated: Friday 2nd June 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Framlingham', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-DE8C36

Record ID: ESS-DE8C36
Object type: TOILET ARTICLE
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Early Medieval (Anglo-Saxon) zoomorphic copper alloy artilcle, likely to be a toilet article. The item is narrow for almost its entire length, and tapers out at one end before tapering back in abruptly to form a point. The upper surface is decorated with incised dashes toward the narrow end, then a series of punched double dotted lines. At the widest point, two punched ring and dot patterns occur and seem to represent 'eyes', with there being more punched dots towards the point. The item looks to be a snake or serpent. The item is bent toward one end, and there seems to be a portion m…
Created on: Monday 24th April 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 26th April 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Dennington', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-7860C7

Record ID: ESS-7860C7
Object type: COIN
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Silver early Anglo-Saxon (Early Medieval) sceat of the Vanimundus type (VaB), dating to c. AD 665-685. Obverse: Helmeted bust facing right, holding sceptre behind, elaborate drapery. Reverse: Greek cross in double beaded inner circle with legend around. EMC 2004.0091, Metcalf 80-87, Spink 774
Created on: Wednesday 19th April 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 26th April 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Hatfield Heath', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-16096B

Record ID: ESS-16096B
Object type: BROOCH
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a cast copper alloy disc, possibly a brooch, with irregularly patterned annulets and linear designs on the surface. The disc is likely Saxon. The face of the disc is raised with a sloping ridge running to the edge. On this face are small annulets formed from circular depressions around which an incised circle has been made. On one side of the face design there is a trapezoidal shape, which is also incised with lines and shaped into ridges. Only part of this design remains, as much of the item has been lost due to damage. The back of the disc is plain and undecorated, and s…
Created on: Tuesday 21st March 2017
Last updated: Thursday 30th March 2017
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-A67986

Record ID: ESS-A67986
Object type: PIN
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Published Find published
An incomplete cast silver pin with polyhedral head. The head is essentially a cuboid with the corners cut off, giving it 13 facets. The shaft is square in cross section and tapers to a thinner point toward the end. Each larger face around the side of the head contains a decorative circular indent in the centre. The top face (when viewed from above) shows a larger intended decorative diamond shape. There is no collar present below the head where it meets the pin shaft. The pin shaft is bent out of shape. References: Cool, H., 1991. Roman Metal Hair Pins from Southern Britain. Archaeo…
Created on: Thursday 16th March 2017
Last updated: Thursday 7th September 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Hatfield Heath', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-979D89

Record ID: ESS-979D89
Object type: DRINKING HORN
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy terminal, probably from a drinking horn, in the form of a bird's head. The item is triangular in plan, tapering to a hooked point which forms the 'beak'. The beak features a moulded ridge running the length and defining the upper and lower beak. There is also moulded relief detailing on the head with an 'S' shaped ridge rising from the top of the beak. The eyes are formed for two small depressions on either side of the head which have been inlaid with black enamel. Beyond the head and toward the base of the mount there is a section of moulded reticulate design in…
Created on: Wednesday 15th March 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 10th May 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Hatfield', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-DC9C91

Record ID: ESS-DC9C91
Object type: GAMING PIECE
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Later Early Medieval copper alloy possible gaming piece c.11th century. The item is circulr in plan and the face features raised moulded relief decoration in the form of a bird enclosed within a beaded border. The back is plain and undecorated. Jane Kershaw has noted that the style of the piece may have some Scandinavian influences, highligthing the "tightly scrolled end...and clustered form" as possible examples of Ringerike style. She also notes that the heavy beaded border is an Anglo-Saxon trait, and suggests that the item could have been locally produced though influenced by cont…
Created on: Wednesday 22nd February 2017
Last updated: Friday 16th February 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Kelvedon', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-DC0C43

Record ID: ESS-DC0C43
Object type: STIRRUP
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast copper alloy stirrup strap mount dating to c. 1000 - 1100 AD. The item is subtriangular, and has an angled flange rinning the length of the bottom of te strap mount. There is one rivet hole present in the centre of this flange. The apex terminal is composed of a zoomorphic projection, likely of an animal's head, with a single rivet hole in the slightly flattened plate at the top. According to Williams (1997) this strap mount is of Class A, type 6 - cf. Williams, 1997 nos 102 - 113. It is a realtively squat, broad shouldered strap mount, and like others in the type, app…
Created on: Wednesday 22nd February 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 21st March 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Kelvedon', grid reference and parish protected.


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