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    • Broad period: BRONZE AGE
    • Created by: Stuart Noon

  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-5E49AA

Record ID: LANCUM-5E49AA
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy complete unlooped palstave axe probably dating to the Middle Bronze Age palstave 1450 to 1300 BC. The axe is of shares similarities with the Taunton metalwork assemblage and Hotham related to the palstaves of the Acton Park metalwork assemblage to which it bears some resemblance similar to Needham et al fig 140 (1985) and Read (1995: p.3 fig 9 ). The butt is slightly concave and has a width of 55mm. The flanges are flat, longiform in plan, straight and parallel as far as the stop but do not extend all the way to the butt, with a width at the stop of 30mm. The blade is…
Created on: Monday 23rd July 2018
Last updated: Monday 17th September 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-5E3C83

Record ID: LANCUM-5E3C83
Object type: DAGGER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete cast copper alloy dagger dating from the Early Bronze Age, c.2150-c.1500BC. The object is a butt riveted small blade dagger or knife with triangular blade. The blade would have been attached to the hilt by means of three large rivets, the top side one is still in place. The rivet is circular in cross-section and flat-hourglass-shaped in plan. The other two are missing and the other rivet holes are incomplete due to breaks or possibly corrosion. The object is quite damaged so it is difficult to ascertain the exact type it is similar to Needham's series 2 (id 1200 Carder Lo…
Created on: Monday 23rd July 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 24th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-5E2C89

Record ID: LANCUM-5E2C89
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast copper alloy socketed axe of Late Bronze Age date (1000 - 800 BC). The object can be classified as the Ewart Park phase of metalwork. The object is sub-rectangular in plan with the cutting edge expanding outwards to form a convex cutting edge. The socket has a sub square mouth, is deep and the insides are smooth. A moulded collar decorates the axe below the mouth on each face. Extending down from this are three raised ribs. The ribs have been abraded and damaged in recent times. The front and back faces of the axe are faceted at the socket end. Along the centre of e…
Created on: Monday 23rd July 2018
Last updated: Monday 30th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-91247A

Record ID: LANCUM-91247A
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy unlooped palstave axe probably dating to the Middle Bronze Age palstave 1450 to 1200BC. The axe shares similarities with the Taunton metalwork assemblage and Hotham related to the palstaves of the Acton Park metalwork assemblage to which it bears some resemblance similar to Needham et al fig 140 (1985) and Read (1995: p.3 fig 9 ). The axe is almost complete with a length of 123mm. The butt is slightly concave and has a width of 20mm. The flanges are flat, longiform in plan, straight and parallel as far as the stop, with a width of 20mm. The blade is flaring 42mm wide …
Created on: Tuesday 19th June 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 24th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-697908

Record ID: LANCUM-697908
Object type: ADZE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Bronze age copper alloy palstave adze 1500 - 1150BC. The length is 125mm, the width of blade is 28mm thickness 20mm and the weight 138.02g. The object is rectangular in form and cross section and is intact, with slight damage to its butt end and some of its surface. The butt end is rectangular in form and triangular in cross section, with each face having a rectangular shaped recess with a raised border to contain the handle. The blade, which has an elongated triangular cross section, tapers in width from the point it joins the butt. Overall it is 20mm wide and rectangular in form, th…
Created on: Tuesday 5th June 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 4th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-561B06

Record ID: LANCUM-561B06
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Blackburn with Darwen
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy unlooped palstave axe probably dating to the Middle Bronze Age palstave 1300 to 1150BC. The axe shares similarities with the Taunton metalwork assemblage and Hotham related to the palstaves of the Acton Park metalwork assemblage to which it bears some resemblance similar to Needham et al fig 140 (1985) and Read (1995: p.3 fig 9 ) Dated to 1200 BC. The axe is almost complete and is relatively long with a length of 150mm. The butt is slightly concave and has a width of 30mm. The flanges are flat, longiform in plan, straight and parallel as far as the stop but do not ext…
Created on: Wednesday 23rd May 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 24th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-5743B9

Record ID: LANCUM-5743B9
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: North Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Probably a fragment of a cast copper alloy (bronze) socketed axe. The fragment appears to consist of a portion of the cutting edge and lower blade of a late Bronze Age axe (1100 - 800 BC). The axe fragment is sub-rectangular in plan with a curved (convex) cutting edge. The sides, adjacent to the cutting edge, taper inwards towards the break. In profile the fragment is sub-triangular (wedge shaped). The patina is green. The length is 19mm, the width is 19mm and the weight 8.27g. There are other examples on the database that have been discovered in Kingstone, Herefordshire (HESH-5AE5C…
Created on: Tuesday 27th February 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 16th May 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-C2B467

Record ID: LANCUM-C2B467
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy unlooped palstave axe probably dating to the Middle Bronze Age palstave 1500 to 1150BC. The axe shares similarities with the Taunton metalwork assemblage and Hotham related to the palstaves of the Acton Park metalwork assemblage to which it bears some resemblance similar to Needham et al fig 140 (1985) and Read (1995: p.3 fig 9 ) Dated to 1200 BC. The axe is almost complete and is relatively long with a length of 150mm. The butt is slightly concave and has a width of 30mm. The flanges are flat, longiform in plan, straight and parallel as far as the stop but do not ext…
Created on: Monday 27th November 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 24th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-D63A53

Record ID: LANCUM-D63A53
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete small copper alloy socketed and side-looped spearhead dating from the Early Middle Bronze Age, c. 1600-1400BC. The head is leaf-shaped and the socket has a pronounced midrib. The tip of the spearhead is thicker than the rest of the blade and there are very fine, very clear re-sharpening marks all around the edges of the wings, running parallel to it. The hollow of the socket extends into the spear. It is circular and tapers towards the tip, becoming lozengiform in cross section as it develops into the solid mid-rib between the blades. There are two small, oval, pierced side…
Created on: Monday 4th September 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 5th September 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-D5F3D4

Record ID: LANCUM-D5F3D4
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a cast copper alloy Late Bronze Age socketed axe probably dating to the period c.950 - 750BC. The axe is probably a Faceted Axe, type Gillespie sometimes known as 'baggy axe'. These axes have been discovered in associated with the late Wilburton metalworking traditions (phase XI) and the Ewart Park tradition (phase XII). This corresponds to Needham's (1996) Period 6-7 circa 1000-700 CAL. BC. It is trapezoidal in shape and has a narrowed, triangular profile. The axe fragment consists of the lower portion of the axe that contain the slightly expanded cutting edge and th…
Created on: Monday 4th September 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 5th September 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-548AA4

Record ID: LANCUM-548AA4
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A complete copper alloy Middle Bronze Age unlooped palstave axehead (c.1500-c.1300 BC). The palstave shares typological features with Group I and Group II palstaves. These were the primary forms introduced to Britain in the Middle Bronze Age Schmidt and Burgess 1981). This particular axehead is probably a Group I (shield-pattern) type from the Acton Park phase of Bronze Age metalwork, distinguished by its shield-shaped decoration below the stop ridge (ibid.p.119). The axe is sub-triangular in plan and sub-rectangular in section, tapering to the blade terminal. The blade is narrow taper…
Created on: Tuesday 29th August 2017
Last updated: Friday 9th November 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF5521

Record ID: LANCUM-FF5521
Object type: SLAG
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Two amorphic piece of copper alloy slag. Found in an area with Bronze Age and Roman artefacts. The surface is characterised by lumps and hollows and has a tin element is indicated relating to bronze working. The slag has a good deep green patina, similar to that seen on some local Bronze Age metalwork, so it may date from this period. If this lump of slag is indeed Bronze Age, it is interesting that it has survived and was not re-melted. Fragments of casting waste like this one are hard to date. Scientific analysis of the elemental composition of the copper alloy would allow a more ac…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 7th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF3E11

Record ID: LANCUM-FF3E11
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy palstave dating from the Middle Bronze Age, i.e. c. 1500-1300BC. The axe is a heavy implement for its size and complete with the two flanges and a crescent-shaped blade with up-turned corners. It is part of the Taunton metalwork assemblage. The axe has two triangular flanges (diamond-shaped from the side). The casting flashes are visible and have been filed but are still slightly raised and with its small, worn semi-circular stop-ridge it could be related to the shield-pattern palstaves of the Acton Park metalwork assemblage to which it bears some resemblance. It has…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF28DD

Record ID: LANCUM-FF28DD
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Bronze Age small cast copper alloy flat axe with a narrow butt end and a slightly flanged blade, dating from the Early Bronze Age c. 2125-1950 BC. The edge of the blade of the axe appears to be unused, and the size of the axe suggests that it might have been used for votive reasons. The colour suggests that the axe is copper-rich and the original surface survives well in places, with patches of corrosion product and a few pits, and a few marks on one face of the blade. Otherwise the axe is in good condition. Flat axes with narrow butt ends with rectangular sections and slightly flange…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 29th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF1A46

Record ID: LANCUM-FF1A46
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete Early Bronze Age cast copper-alloy undecorated developed flat axe (c. 2000-1700 BC): This implement is sub-rectangular in plan with an expanded crescent shaped blade. The butt, in plan, is complete with a rounded terminal. The side profile of the axe is lentoid with both terminals tapering. In cross section the body of the axe has lentoid profile. The axe is decorated with short incised probably chiselled lines below the stop ridge and along the length to the blade. The butt end of the axe has been hammered flat creating a proto-stop ridge. The blade tip flares outwards fr…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF125F

Record ID: LANCUM-FF125F
Object type: RAPIER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Mid to Late Bronze Age copper alloy fragment probably a broken rapier or dagger dating 1500 - 1000BC. The object is triangular in form and an oval in cross section. It represents the damaged tip of a spear head. It has a narrow central rib with adjacent channels which has a circular cross section and tapers towards the point. The blades which are damaged taper in width towards the point. Rapiers are really long and have a slim blade and the shoulders and hilt, have broken off Similar to GLO-7EFE1A and WILT-471861 on the database. The length is 143mm, the width is 38mm thickness 20mm …
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-1C4D1C

Record ID: LANCUM-1C4D1C
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete Early Bronze Age cast copper-alloy undecorated developed flat axe (c. 2000-1700 BC): This implement is sub-rectangular in plan with an expanded crescent shaped blade. The butt, in plan, is complete with a rounded terminal. The side profile of the axe is lentoid with both terminals tapering. In cross section the body of the axe has lentoid profile. The axe appears to be undecorated. The butt end of the axe has been hammered flat creating a proto-stop ridge. The blade tip flares outwards from the body forming a concave hollow. The blade appears to be symmetrical. There is an …
Created on: Tuesday 9th May 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-1C081A

Record ID: LANCUM-1C081A
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete copper-alloy spearhead of middle Bronze Age date, c. 1500 - 1000 BC. Only the tip of the spear remains which is triangular in plan and lozenge in section with mid-ribs. No socket is present. An insufficient portion of the spear remains to prove diagnostic, therefore a specific type cannot be attributed. The metal has a mid-green patina and is pitted and worn.The length is 43mm, the width is 12mm and the weight 7.96g.
Created on: Tuesday 9th May 2017
Last updated: Thursday 11th May 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-0729F7

Record ID: LANCUM-0729F7
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Late Bronze Age to early Iron Age off white heat effected flint or chert notched end scraper. There is evidence of light retouch to the mesal edges, possibly for use as side scrapers, & heavy modification to the distal end. The The distal modification was probably to make the tool more comfortable & easier to use and it may also have been to allow it to be mounted. Most likely to date to the late Bronze Age but manufacture in the early Iron Age cannot be dismissed due to the crude style of knapping. Dates to between c1000 and c400 BC. The length is 58mm, the width is 41mm and…
Created on: Monday 8th May 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 25th September 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-C98FBF

Record ID: LANCUM-C98FBF
Object type: HOARD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Very late Bronze Age Hoard consisting of one gold bracelet, three gold penannular lock-rings and a cauldron fragment all found together in one find spot. The bracelet and two of the lock rings are stained possibly from an organic residue either from the soil or items placed with them. The lock-rings are all made from gold sheet face plates that are bi-conical in form and triangular in section with central tubes and side plates formed from the same sheet and secured by a binding strip of round sectioned gold wire fused to the plate join to form an outer rim-binding to the rim. The fa…
Created on: Tuesday 11th April 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 1st August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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