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    • Broad period: BRONZE AGE
    • Created by: Stuart Noon

  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-C2B467

Record ID: LANCUM-C2B467
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy unlooped palstave axe probably dating to the Middle Bronze Age palstave 1300 to 1150BC. The axe is of unusual form and shares similarities with the Taunton metalwork assemblage and Hotham related to the palstaves of the Acton Park metalwork assemblage to which it bears some resemblance similar to Needham et al fig 140 (1985) and Read (1995: p.3 fig 9 ) dated 1200BC. The axe is almost complete and is relatively long with a length of 146mm. The butt is slightly concave and has a width of 28mm. The flanges are flat, longiform in plan, straight and parallel as far as the …
Created on: Monday 27th November 2017
Last updated: Monday 15th January 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-D63A53

Record ID: LANCUM-D63A53
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete small copper alloy socketed and side-looped spearhead dating from the Early Middle Bronze Age, c. 1600-1400BC. The head is leaf-shaped and the socket has a pronounced midrib. The tip of the spearhead is thicker than the rest of the blade and there are very fine, very clear re-sharpening marks all around the edges of the wings, running parallel to it. The hollow of the socket extends into the spear. It is circular and tapers towards the tip, becoming lozengiform in cross section as it develops into the solid mid-rib between the blades. There are two small, oval, pierced side …
Created on: Monday 4th September 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 5th September 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-D5F3D4

Record ID: LANCUM-D5F3D4
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a cast copper alloy Late Bronze Age socketed axe probably dating to the period c.950 - 750BC. The axe is probably a Faceted Axe, type Gillespie sometimes known as 'baggy axe'. These axes have been discovered in associated with the late Wilburton metalworking traditions (phase XI) and the Ewart Park tradition (phase XII). This corresponds to Needham's (1996) Period 6-7 circa 1000-700 CAL. BC. It is trapezoidal in shape and has a narrowed, triangular profile. The axe fragment consists of the lower portion of the axe that contain the slightly expanded cutting edge and the s…
Created on: Monday 4th September 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 5th September 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-548AA4

Record ID: LANCUM-548AA4
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete copper alloy Middle Bronze Age unlooped palstave axehead (c.1500-c.1300 BC). The palstave shares typological features with Group I and Group II palstaves. These were the primary forms introduced to Britain in the Middle Bronze Age Schmidt and Burgess 1981). This particular axehead is probably a Group I (shield-pattern) type from the Acton Park phase of Bronze Age metalwork, distinguished by its shield-shaped decoration below the stop ridge (ibid.p.119). The axe is sub-triangular in plan and sub-rectangular in section, tapering to the blade terminal. The blade is narrow taper…
Created on: Tuesday 29th August 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 29th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF5521

Record ID: LANCUM-FF5521
Object type: SLAG
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Two amorphic piece of copper alloy slag. Found in an area with Bronze Age and Roman artefacts. The surface is characterised by lumps and hollows and has a tin element is indicated relating to bronze working. The slag has a good deep green patina, similar to that seen on some local Bronze Age metalwork, so it may date from this period. If this lump of slag is indeed Bronze Age, it is interesting that it has survived and was not re-melted. Fragments of casting waste like this one are hard to date. Scientific analysis of the elemental composition of the copper alloy would allow a more acc…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 7th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF3E11

Record ID: LANCUM-FF3E11
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy palstave dating from the Middle Bronze Age, i.e. c. 1500-1300BC. The axe is a heavy implement for its size and complete with the two flanges and a crescent-shaped blade with up-turned corners. It is part of the Taunton metalwork assemblage. The axe has two triangular flanges (diamond-shaped from the side). The casting flashes are visible and have been filed but are still slightly raised and with its small, worn semi-circular stop-ridge it could be related to the shield-pattern palstaves of the Acton Park metalwork assemblage to which it bears some resemblance. It has …
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF28DD

Record ID: LANCUM-FF28DD
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Bronze Age small cast copper alloy flat axe with a narrow butt end and a slightly flanged blade, dating from the Early Bronze Age c. 2125-1950 BC. The edge of the blade of the axe appears to be unused, and the size of the axe suggests that it might have been used for votive reasons. The colour suggests that the axe is copper-rich and the original surface survives well in places, with patches of corrosion product and a few pits, and a few marks on one face of the blade. Otherwise the axe is in good condition. Flat axes with narrow butt ends with rectangular sections and slightly flanged…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 29th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF1A46

Record ID: LANCUM-FF1A46
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete Early Bronze Age cast copper-alloy undecorated developed flat axe (c. 2000-1700 BC): This implement is sub-rectangular in plan with an expanded crescent shaped blade. The butt, in plan, is complete with a rounded terminal. The side profile of the axe is lentoid with both terminals tapering. In cross section the body of the axe has lentoid profile. The axe is decorated with short incised probably chiselled lines below the stop ridge and along the length to the blade. The butt end of the axe has been hammered flat creating a proto-stop ridge. The blade tip flares outwards fr…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF125F

Record ID: LANCUM-FF125F
Object type: RAPIER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Mid to Late Bronze Age copper alloy fragment probably a broken rapier or dagger dating 1500 - 1000BC. The object is triangular in form and an oval in cross section. It represents the damaged tip of a spear head. It has a narrow central rib with adjacent channels which has a circular cross section and tapers towards the point. The blades which are damaged taper in width towards the point. Rapiers are really long and have a slim blade and the shoulders and hilt, have broken off Similar to GLO-7EFE1A and WILT-471861 on the database. The length is 143mm, the width is 38mm thickness 20mm a…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-1C4D1C

Record ID: LANCUM-1C4D1C
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete Early Bronze Age cast copper-alloy undecorated developed flat axe (c. 2000-1700 BC): This implement is sub-rectangular in plan with an expanded crescent shaped blade. The butt, in plan, is complete with a rounded terminal. The side profile of the axe is lentoid with both terminals tapering. In cross section the body of the axe has lentoid profile. The axe appears to be undecorated. The butt end of the axe has been hammered flat creating a proto-stop ridge. The blade tip flares outwards from the body forming a concave hollow. The blade appears to be symmetrical. There is an o…
Created on: Tuesday 9th May 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-1C081A

Record ID: LANCUM-1C081A
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete copper-alloy spearhead of middle Bronze Age date, c. 1500 - 1000 BC. Only the tip of the spear remains which is triangular in plan and lozenge in section with mid-ribs. No socket is present. An insufficient portion of the spear remains to prove diagnostic, therefore a specific type cannot be attributed. The metal has a mid-green patina and is pitted and worn.The length is 43mm, the width is 12mm and the weight 7.96g.
Created on: Tuesday 9th May 2017
Last updated: Thursday 11th May 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-C98FBF

Record ID: LANCUM-C98FBF
Object type: HOARD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Very late Bronze Age Hoard consisting of one gold bracelet, three gold penannular lock-rings and a cauldron fragment all found together in one find spot. The bracelet and two of the lock rings are stained possibly from an organic residue either from the soil or items placed with them. The lock-rings are all made from gold sheet face plates that are bi-conical in form and triangular in section with central tubes and side plates formed from the same sheet and secured by a binding strip of round sectioned gold wire fused to the plate join to form an outer rim-binding to the rim. The face…
Created on: Tuesday 11th April 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 1st August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-16229D

Record ID: LANCUM-16229D
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy palstave dating from the Middle Bronze Age, i.e. c. 1500-1300BC. The axe is broken at the butt but is otherwise complete with casting flashes that have been filed but are still slightly raised on the sides. It is part of the Taunton metalwork assemblage. The axe has two triangular flanges (diamond-shaped from the side) and with its small, worn semi-circular stop-ridge it could be related to the shield-pattern palstaves of the Acton Park metalwork assemblage to which it bears some resemblance. The axe is a heavy implement and complete with the two flanges and a cresce…
Created on: Tuesday 21st March 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 22nd March 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-EC8B9C

Record ID: LANCUM-EC8B9C
Object type: METAL WORKING DEBRIS
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper alloy metal working waste possibly ore dating from the Early Bronze Age, that is c. 2150BC to the medieval period 1500AD. The ore is in an irregular trapezoid and exhibits corrosion products. It is not possible to refine the chronology on appearance alone. The length is 105mm, the width is 90mm thickness 80mm and the weight too heavy for scales.
Created on: Tuesday 7th March 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 30th May 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-EC7A2A

Record ID: LANCUM-EC7A2A
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
The fragmentary nature of the object makes typological identification difficult. It is probably a cast copper alloy flat axe dating from the Early Bronze Age, that is c. 2150-1500BC. The axe is narrow with tapering sides and there are no signs of a stop ridge. It has a rounded butt and a flared cutting edge with concave shoulders judging from the slightly tapering sides it is probably an earlier flat axe (that is from c. 2150-1700BC) rather than a later one from the Migdale metalworking tradition. It shares similarities with axes of the Brithdir and Willerby metalwork traditions (Rohl…
Created on: Tuesday 7th March 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 30th May 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-B155C3

Record ID: LANCUM-B155C3
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy flat axe dating to the Early-Mid Bronze Age (2350 - 1500 BC). The axe is narrow with straight but tapering sides and there are no signs of a stop ridge. The sides of the axe are very slightly thickened, but it does not have flanges. The metal is dark green in colour with a heavily pitted and corroded patina. The axe probably fits into the earliest phases of metal working in Britain, metalworking stage I-II, which corresponds to Needham's (1996) Period 1-2 circa 2500- 2050 CAL. BC, or slightly later. Similar examples can be seen on the Portable Antiquities Database:…
Created on: Monday 20th February 2017
Last updated: Monday 20th February 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-8A0D61

Record ID: LANCUM-8A0D61
Object type: CHISEL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Sefton
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Possibly an incomplete mid to late Bronze Age tang off a chisel or awl, probably dating from the Ewart Park phase, c 1150- 800BC. The length is 54mm, the width is 12mm thickness 8mm and the weight 14.64g. Tanged chisels, which date from c. 1150-850 BC, are known from several hoards and as isolated finds. Several tanged chisels, or elements of them, are recorded on this database (for example, see BH-49EAD8). Tanged chisels and awls have few diagnostic features and change little through time, making their dating and identification more difficult and their dating is further hampered by a …
Created on: Monday 6th February 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 7th February 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-6C591F

Record ID: LANCUM-6C591F
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper alloy single looped palstave axe with high, protruding stopridge and well preserved side loop dating to the Mid Bronze Age 1300 to 1150BC possibly relating to the Silsden types generally dated to the Penard. The axe is complete, except for the broken side loop, and in good condition. The body of the palstave is narrow but splays down the blade eventually flaring at the blade edge which is wide. The blade has a heavily curved faceted/bevelled cutting edge which may well have been hammered. The butt is squared, tapering with narrow flanges on both sides. The broken side loop is ad…
Created on: Tuesday 6th December 2016
Last updated: Monday 23rd January 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-31A16D

Record ID: LANCUM-31A16D
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Blackburn with Darwen
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete copper alloy Middle Bronze Age (c.1600-c.1000 BC) spearhead missing part of its socket. The spearhead has a leaf-shaped blade and is bent (possibly deliberately) so that it curves slightly towards the tip. The blade appears to have had slightly curved cutting edges. A prominent raised circular sectioned midrib runs longitudinally down the centre of each face, all the way to the tip and is lozengiform in cross-section. The socket is sub-rectangular and measures 15mm in diameter at the break. The spearhead was probably originally side-looped. The length is 115mm, the width …
Created on: Wednesday 9th November 2016
Last updated: Monday 14th November 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-8A5846

Record ID: LANCUM-8A5846
Object type: CASTING WASTE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy casting jet with two conical sprues or flashes that is ovate in plan, with two conical projections that are triangular in profile. The casting jet was formed during the casting of a socketed axe in a two-part mould, where the molten bronze was poured into the entrance of the mould around the gate piece which had two conical apertures that the bronze then solidified in once it had filled the mould for the axe. Socketed axes of this type date from the Late Bronze Age (c.1000-800 BC). Pearce (1983) illustrates a similar casting jet with conical sprues from Lelant in Cor…
Created on: Tuesday 1st November 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 1st November 2016
Spatial data recorded.


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