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    • Broad period: BRONZE AGE
    • Created by: Anna Tyacke

  • Thumbnail image of CORN-F6B541

Record ID: CORN-F6B541
Object type: INGOT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a cast copper alloy ingot which would have originally been circular in plan and plano-convex in profile. This fragment is square in plan, triangular in profile, and rhomboidal in section, as it comes from one edge of the original ingot. Plano-convex ingots like this one were used during the Late Bronze Age, c.1150-700 BC. The surface of the ingot is pitted where air bubbles formed during the casting process. There are dark green and coppery brown areas and light green patches of bronze disease. Similar ingot fragments have been found in metalworkers' hoards in Cornwall dati…
Created on: Tuesday 23rd October 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 24th October 2018
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  • Thumbnail image of CORN-32473E

Record ID: CORN-32473E
Object type: SWORD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a cast copper alloy blade, possibly the point from a Bronze Age sword, kite-shaped in plan and lozenge-shaped in profile. The broken end appears to have been deliberately cut to create a pointed apex which may have been to improve hafting if the fragment was re-used as some sort of perforating tool. This break is not typical of the deliberate breaking up of swords into fragments for deposition, which is often clean and perpendicular to the edge (Matt Knight pers comm). None of the original surface remains, as the fragment is so corroded and pitted from being in the sea, and…
Created on: Friday 27th April 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 9th May 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-323F38

Record ID: CORN-323F38
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy fragment of a Bronze Age socketed axe, sub-rectangular in plan and in section and triangular in profile. The fragment consists of the blade end of a socketed axe, 44.5 mm long, 29.5 mm wide at the blade end, 15 mm in height and 4 mm thick at the broken end, and 41.35 g in weight. The entire surface is oxidized to a pale green. The base of the sub-rectangular socket is slightly dished and would have expanded within the axehead as the blade developed into the body and the collar at the opposite terminal. The socket, when complete, would have held the wooden haft or hand…
Created on: Friday 27th April 2018
Last updated: Sunday 9th September 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-3237B8

Record ID: CORN-3237B8
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper-alloy miniature flat axe head of the Early Bronze Age, c.2200-2000 BC. Sub-triangular in plan, lenticular in section and in profile. At 101 mm in length the axe is slightly over half the size of a standard Early Bronze Age axe from South-west England. It is 43.5 mm wide at the blade end, tapering to 20 mm near the damaged butt end; its maximum thickness is 9.5 mm and its weight 164.45 g. The sides are straight and do not flare outwards to meet the blade edge which is slightly curved in plan. Much of the original surface has been lost and the axe is pitted and abraded thro…
Created on: Friday 27th April 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 9th May 2018
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  • Thumbnail image of CORN-DC1D01

Record ID: CORN-DC1D01
Object type: AWL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy awl, sub-triangular in plan, rectangular in profile and ovate in section. The awl tapers in plan from the rounded spatulated end which is 14.6 mm wide, and sub-rectangular in section, to the pointed end which is 3 mm wide and circular in section. The awl is heavily patinated and has taken a lot of damage around the nib leaving it distorted and with several deep cuts across its surface. Some awls may have been hafted in to a wooden or bone handle and this flattened butt end may have made for better hafting. Plain copper-alloy awls are hard to date precisely, but ones …
Created on: Sunday 28th January 2018
Last updated: Thursday 8th February 2018
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  • Thumbnail image of CORN-E9F18E

Record ID: CORN-E9F18E
Object type: FLANGED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Incomplete cast copper alloy small low flanged axehead blade with the faint remains of low flanges extending to the blade expansion dating from the Early to Middle Bronze Age c.1950-1500 BC or possibly c.1750-1500 BC (Matt Knight pers comm). The blade is trapezoidal in plan, triangular in profile, tapering towards the cutting edge, and rectangular in section at the broken edge. The blade was originally crescentic with expanded pointed terminals but has been worn to rounded terminals. The blade narrows towards the broken end, which is below where the transverse stop ridge would have bee…
Created on: Wednesday 29th November 2017
Last updated: Monday 27th August 2018
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  • Thumbnail image of CORN-E9D3F1

Record ID: CORN-E9D3F1
Object type: GOUGE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Incomplete cast copper alloy socketed gouge, rectangular in plan, lozenge-shaped in profile with a circular socket in section, with faint vertical striations preserved in the groove which are probably remnants of use (Matt Knight pers comm). The circular socketed end is broken and partly missing, with an internal diameter of 13 mm at the broken edge, and the cutting edge is worn, partly through use, with its orginal surface missing. The gouge tapers in profile from the open end to a point at the cutting edge which is curved into a semi-circle so that it can gouge out sections of wood o…
Created on: Wednesday 29th November 2017
Last updated: Monday 27th August 2018
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  • Thumbnail image of CORN-E98BB3

Record ID: CORN-E98BB3
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Incomplete cast copper alloy socketed axehead with a square socket and the remains of a side loop and decorated with three converging moulded ribs on both faces, dating from the Late Bronze Age. The axehead is missing most of its collar and only has two stubs where the integral side loop would have joined them together. The surface is corroded and pitted with patches of light green oxidisation, but most of the dark green surface patina remains on the blade. The longest surviving rib on the face of the axe is 56 mm long and 3 mm wide. The axehead is slender in form and bears features th…
Created on: Wednesday 29th November 2017
Last updated: Monday 27th August 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-E91A21

Record ID: CORN-E91A21
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Incomplete cast copper alloy socketed axehead blade with a larger, heavy blade which suggests it was produced during the Ewart Park phase (c.950-850 BC) of the Late Bronze Age. The asymmetric casting with a misaligned core has caused one socket wall (11 mm thick) to be much thicker than the other (4 mm thick). This does not appear to have prevented the axehead from having been prepared and used. The socketed axe appears to have been deliberately broken in antiquity, most likely while hot from recent experimental research (Matt Knight pers comm). The blade has broken off below the socke…
Created on: Wednesday 29th November 2017
Last updated: Monday 27th August 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-D78C78

Record ID: CORN-D78C78
Object type: RAZOR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: West Berkshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Cast copper alloy 'Hallstatt' razor of Type Unterstall or Poiseul (Matt Knight pers comm) that dates from the Lyn Fawr phase of the Late Bronze Age to the Early Iron Age, c.800-600 BC. The razor is trapezoidal in plan with two suspension loops above a row of four 'hanging triangles' or triangular openwork. The blade edge is only 2 mm in thickness. There is some damage to each side of the blade where it expands to a pointed apex, now missing. There is a small patch of green corrosion where one of these edges is folded, but apart from that, the razor is in an excellent and stable conditi…
Created on: Thursday 16th November 2017
Last updated: Saturday 24th March 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-D77F3D

Record ID: CORN-D77F3D
Object type: HAMMER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy socketed hammer, rectangular in plan and sub-rectangular in section below the raised collar, with three ribs on either face, that dates from the Late Bronze Age (c.1000-800 BC). The mid-rib is more pronounced than those on either side, measuring 3 mm in height. All of the ribs are 5 mm in thickness. There are pronounced casting seams down both sides of the hammer that are 1.5 mm in thickness, suggesting that the hammer was unfinished as these have not been filed down. There is no evidence of it having any side loop. The collar is 5 mm deep and protrudes 3 mm outwards…
Created on: Thursday 16th November 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 31st January 2018
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  • Thumbnail image of CORN-D746F1

Record ID: CORN-D746F1
Object type: RAZOR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cambridgeshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Cast copper alloy tanged bifid razor with six vertical grooves on one face and five grooves on the other which are unevenly spaced and extend below a circular perforation to the tang. The circular perforation is 3 mm in diameter and 4 mm in from the V-shaped notch above which is 19 mm long and 9 mm wide at the opening. The base of the blades on either side of the tang are slightly concave leading to heel-shaped corners which then curve outwards around the perforation and inwards again towards the notch. The blades are almost semi-circular in plan and are 60 mm long and together they a…
Created on: Thursday 16th November 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 31st January 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-D72EF2

Record ID: CORN-D72EF2
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cambridgeshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy socketed side-looped spearhead with a plain short kite-shaped blade with a lozenge cross section and slightly channelled blade faces (Matt Knight pers comm). The blade is 33 mm long and expands to a width of 20.5 mm, with a bevelled edge that is 3 mm wide at the widest point of the blade. Below the blade on each side of the socket there is a side loop for binding the spearhead to the spear shaft. The side loops are lozenge-shaped in profile and are 16 mm long, 8 mm wide and 2 mm thick. The socket is circular in section and has an internal diameter of 14 mm and an ext…
Created on: Thursday 16th November 2017
Last updated: Sunday 28th January 2018
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  • Thumbnail image of CORN-2E639A

Record ID: CORN-2E639A
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine-grained granite elvan muller or rubbing stone. The muller is oval in plan, with two rounded ends, and plano-convex in profile, with a convex upper face and a flat base. The flat, smooth base was used for rubbing, and the upper face convex so that it could be held and pushed across a base for grinding. The muller would have been used with a larger saddle quern to grind grain between the stones to make flour. The granite is fine grained and contains muscovite or mica, tourmaline and felspars. The soft felspars would work into hollows and the hard tourmaline would stand proud of the…
Created on: Wednesday 28th June 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 12th July 2017
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  • Thumbnail image of CORN-2E4F62

Record ID: CORN-2E4F62
Object type: HAMMERSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete greenstone hammerstone. A flattened oval in plan and in section and sub-rectangular in profile. The entire surface has been pecked to form a symmetrical, sub-cylindrical shape which would have been comfortable in the hand, with one face almost flat and the opposite face slightly convex. Both ends have been flattened and are slightly worn through use as a hammerstone. The flatter of the two faces is very slightly worn and may have been used for rubbing whilst the convex face is slightly pitted and may also have been used as a hammerstone. Jones and Taylor (2010) describe …
Created on: Wednesday 28th June 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 12th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-25A252

Record ID: CORN-25A252
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A single-sided muller or rubbing stone of fine-grained granite elvan. The muller is circular in plan, plano-convex in section and in profile. The base of the muller is flat and smooth through use as a rubbing implement and the upper face is convex so it could have been held and pushed across another stone. The muller would have been used with a larger saddle quern to grind grain between the stones to make flour. The granite is fine grained and contains inclusions of dark tourmaline and pale feldspar phenocrysts. The soft feldspar would work into hollows and the hard tourmaline would s…
Created on: Thursday 15th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 19th September 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-258C8B

Record ID: CORN-258C8B
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Incomplete medium-grained megacrystic granite double-sided muller or rubbing stone. The muller is semi-circular in plan, with one rounded complete end and one broken straight edge, and rectangular in section. Both faces of the muller are flat and smooth as they were used for rubbing, but one side may have originally been convex so that it could be held and pushed across a base for grinding. The muller would have been used with a larger saddle quern to grind grain between the stones to make flour. The granite is medium-grained, megacrystic granite with pale feldspar inclusions varying …
Created on: Thursday 15th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 19th September 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-687982

Record ID: CORN-687982
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete whetstone of medium brown sandstone. The object is a narrow, tapered rectangle, with rounded corners, in plan, and plano-convex in profile and section. The ventral face is almost flat with two very slightly dished areas either side of the mid-point. The tool is thinner at the wide end, becoming thicker towards the narrower end. When viewed from the dorsal side, the left-hand edge is flat and highly polished through continuous use; the right-hand edge is less highly polished, flat in places but convex towards the wider end and has also been used as a whetstone to sharpen met…
Created on: Tuesday 18th April 2017
Last updated: Thursday 8th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-2A974E

Record ID: CORN-2A974E
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A sandstone whetstone with bevelled end. Trapezoid in plan, sub-rectangular in profile and ovate in section. Made from a local beach pebble, all the edges are rounded and the surfaces of the implement are generally smooth. There are two patches of percussion marks, one on each of the broader surfaces, close to the wider, proximal end of the object. The narrow distal end of the tool has been rubbed smooth from both sides to produce a bevelled edge. The sharp edge of the bevel has been worn through use. There is a small area of pecking at the proximal end of the shorter side edge of the…
Created on: Monday 3rd April 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 5th April 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-2A75D1

Record ID: CORN-2A75D1
Object type: PESTLE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fine-grained hammerstone or pestle, sub-rectangular in plan and section and ovate in profile. It is slightly wider at its distal end but fits comfortably in the hand however it is held and appears to have been used to exploit several of its surfaces for different purposes. The slightly flattened ventral face is pecked and uneven, suggesting use as a hammerstone; the distal end is smooth and the right side of the implement, when viewed from the ventral face, is flat and smooth, and it is likely that both of these surfaces have been used for grinding as a pestle. At the junction betwe…
Created on: Monday 3rd April 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 5th April 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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