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    • Broad period: BRONZE AGE
    • Created by: Anni Byard

  • Thumbnail image of OXON-B17707

Record ID: OXON-B17707
Object type: SCRAPER (TOOL)
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A collection of three (3) flint scrapers of probable Early Bronze Age date (c. 2500-1600 BC). The scrapers are all broadly circular in plane with invasive,scaled yet expedient retouching between around 50%-90% of the edges. All three scrapers retain cortex; two are primary flakes with the third being secondary. Retouching has occured through the cortex in two examples. The flints vary in colour; light-dark grey; mottles yellow and grey; dark reddish brown.
Created on: Thursday 3rd May 2018
Last updated: Friday 25th May 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-06AB93

Record ID: BERK-06AB93
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a small cast copper alloy socketed spearhead, probably of the side looped type and dating to the early Middle Bronze Age, c.1600-1400BC. Side-looped spearheads are Class IV and date from the early Middle Bronze Age. They are likely to belong to the Acton Park 2, Taunton (Cemmaes) or Penard metalwork assemblages, corresponding to Needham's (1997) Period 5 (1500-1150 BC). Although the size of this object suggests a votive use this is not the case. Other examples of small spearheads are known including GLO-F69302, LANCUM-B72611, LANCUM-0433B7 and SWYOR-3D024E on this dat…
Created on: Friday 13th April 2018
Last updated: Friday 13th April 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-FFF2B5

Record ID: BERK-FFF2B5
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete copper-alloy early phase palstave dating to the Middle Bronze Age (c. 1500-1300 BC): The blade of the palstave is sub-trapezoidal in plan with slightly concave sides, flared blade tips, and no side loop. The cutting edge is slightly abraded on one edge although this appears to cut through the patina suggesting post-depositional damage. The sides of the blade are concave in plan, and this curvature stops at the junction of the blade and flange side. In profile the blade is sub-triangular with the widest section being before the stop ridge. The stop ridge has a small hole be…
Created on: Wednesday 7th March 2018
Last updated: Thursday 22nd March 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-D71CAB

Record ID: BERK-D71CAB
Object type: CASTING WASTE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An undated copper alloy object, a fragment of casting debris (a casting jet) from metal working. The object is cone-shaped with a deep well in the centre and a thick stubby runner beneath, which would have flowed into the mould. The runner has several incised lines around it that may be tooling marks from when the jet was detatched from the mould, or may indeed be evidence of the tool working on the mould itself. The casting jet has a light green patina with much blackened material across and around it. Although it is not possible to identify the period with certainty, the pat…
Created on: Tuesday 28th November 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 28th November 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-44F126

Record ID: BERK-44F126
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast copper alloy socketed and side looped spearhead of Middle Bronze Age date (c. 1400-1250 BC). The spearhead has a short but slender kite-shaped blade with only the very tip missing. The socket is circular and tapers from the open mouth in to the shaft between the blade's wings. There are two lozenge-shaped undrilled 'loops' located nearly equidistant between the socket mouth and the balde. The mouth of the socket is ever-so-slightly recessed from the main socket. A small number of spearheads with undrilled loops have recently been recorded from across Oxfordshir…
Created on: Tuesday 21st November 2017
Last updated: Thursday 23rd November 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-5B33A7

Record ID: BERK-5B33A7
Object type: RAPIER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A copper alloy rapier dating from the Middle to Late Bronze Age (c. 1400 - 1100 BC). The rapier is of the notched-butt type having a butt that is trapezoid in form with shoulders that curve inwards to the narrow blade. Two rivet holes through the butt show how the blade was secured into a wooden or bone handle; one of the notches still retains its copper alloy rivet which is cylindrical with an expanded domed head at either terminal. The blade is mostly straight and only tapers towards the point. A prominant midrib can be seen down the length of the blade, which has been bent in…
Created on: Friday 10th November 2017
Last updated: Friday 10th November 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-2B2982

Record ID: BERK-2B2982
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast copper alloy socketed axe head of the south-eastern type (plain A1) of Late Bronze Age date (1000-800 BC). The axe head has the standard double socket moulding although this is quite slight and / or worn in many places. Otherwise the axehead is plain externally. There is a single loop on one side of the axehead and the blade is wide and crescentic with some damage to the cutting edge. The casting seam is visible down both sides externally but is not visible within. The mouth of the socket is rectangular / square. The socket tapers down to where the crescentic edge of th…
Created on: Friday 8th September 2017
Last updated: Friday 27th April 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-136875

Record ID: BERK-136875
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast copper alloy Late Bronze Age socketed axe dating from c. 10th-9th century BC. Probably a ribbed South Eastern variant. The axehead is complete and has suffered little damage, however some of the surface bronze has been lost from the blade edge. The blade edge is crescentic with both outer tips complete - there appears to have been little if any use of the blade. The axehead's socket is rectangular at the mouth and tapers through the length of the socket. Casting seams are prominent within the socket but are not visible externally. The socket has a rasied lip which slop…
Created on: Thursday 7th September 2017
Last updated: Thursday 26th October 2017
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-C3E5A3

Record ID: BERK-C3E5A3
Object type: UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast copper alloy moustache-like object probably dating from the Middle Bronze Age to Middle Iron Age (1500-300 BC). The object consists of two pointed drop-shaped elements, D-shaped in cross-section and joined at their wider, rounded ends by a short, recessed oval neck. There are multiple longitudinal grooves on the upper face on both domed sides of the object, the tapering lower parts are plain. The two moustache tips or prongs flare slightly outwards and terminate with a small rounded knop. The central neck section of the object is plain and undecorated but the undersid…
Created on: Thursday 10th August 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 23rd August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-1D9AF0

Record ID: BERK-1D9AF0
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete copper alloy palstave axe dating to the early Middle Bronze Age. The palstave is complete and in good condition. The crescentic blade is wide and has a bevelled edge, clearer on one side than the other. The stop ridge between the raised low-flanged edges is likewise more prominent on one side than the other. There are no side loops nor a midrib down the centre of the blade.The lack of a side loop and lack of any ribs suggest this palstave may be relatively early and is probably of the Acton Park II period, c.1500-1400 BC.
Created on: Wednesday 2nd August 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 2nd August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-1C4AA6

Record ID: BERK-1C4AA6
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast copper alloy socketed spearhead dating from the Middle to Late Bronze Age c.1400-900 BC. The spearhead has a slender, tapering leaf-shaped (ogival) blade with slightly bevelled edges and two undrilled lozenge-shaped side 'loops' located near to the mouth of the socket, which is circular in plan and tapers internally. The spearhead is in good condition with some bronze disease and corrosion evident. The loops may have been miscast as they are solid rather than having on internal eye. Spearheads with similar miscastings have been found locally; one from the same pari…
Created on: Wednesday 2nd August 2017
Last updated: Thursday 3rd August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-4008DB

Record ID: BERK-4008DB
Object type: CHISEL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast copper-alloy tanged chisel of Late Bronze Age date. The chisel is in good condition and appears undamaged, with evidence for use wear on the blade tip and edge. The chisel has a tapering square-sectioned tang which abutts the round-sectioned, collared handle stop of the chisel blade. The collar is 13.5 mm diameter. From the collar the chisel blade, which is broadly triangular in plan, flattens in profile and expands to a thin cutting edge with slightly flared shoulders. The cutting edge is 27.5 mm wide. The object is in very good coniditon and has a mid-brown patina …
Created on: Friday 16th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 16th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-AB436E

Record ID: BERK-AB436E
Object type: BLADE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete copper alloy bladed weapon, possibly a knife or dagger dating from the Middle to Late Bronze Age (c. 1400-800 BC). The blade fragment consists of part of the tang, which is under half-complete, broken through a central perforation, possibly a rivet to secure the tang to the weapon handle. There is a large notch in one side of the tang, which would have presumably been repeated on the opposing edge. Below the notch the blade begins to taper in width to the break; all breaks appear ancient. The blade has a nearly flat cross section. This object may have been reworked (incl…
Created on: Friday 9th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 16th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-AB297D

Record ID: BERK-AB297D
Object type: DAGGER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete copper alloy bladed weapon, possibly a knife or dagger dating from the Middle to Late Bronze Age (c. 1400-800 BC). The blade fragment consists of the tang, which is rectangular in section with two small notches near the top, and a small part of the blade, which narrows from expanded shoulders at the base of the tang. The blade is lentoid in section. This object may have been reworked or reduced by continual sharpening, which is seen on other examples.
Created on: Friday 9th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 16th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-AAB536

Record ID: BERK-AAB536
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast copper alloy leaf-shaped basal-looped spearhead dating to the Middle Bronze Age (c. 1400-1150 BC), Ehrenberg Class IIIa. Although complete the blade edges are slightly 'nibbled' where they are very thin but where complete the edges are still sharp. There are mulitple scratches along the blade and socket, possibly a result of finishing after being removed from the mould. The internal diameter of the socket is 17.9mm. This spear head is one of several from the area, and a number are known from across Oxfordshire/Berkshire, many associated with watery contexts. Similar le…
Created on: Friday 9th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 16th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-AA6B78

Record ID: BERK-AA6B78
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of the tip of a cast copper alloy socketed spearhead of the stepped type, dating from Late Bronze Age (1150 - 800 BC). Although fragmentary the spearhead tip is in good condition; the break appears to be ancient.
Created on: Friday 9th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 16th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-AA4DC4

Record ID: BERK-AA4DC4
Object type: AWL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete and corroded copper-alloy awl of Middle Bronze Age to Roman date. The centre section of the awl is sub-circular in section with one end of the awl tapering to a sharp point and the other tapering to a thinner rectangular sectioned point, however the very tip is missing. Awls are very difficult to date so a wide range of dates is suggested here, however looking at other finds from the area this is prbably of Middle Bronze Age to Late Iron Age date (c. 1400 BC - AD 43).
Created on: Friday 9th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 16th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-AA2EC4

Record ID: BERK-AA2EC4
Object type: BRACELET
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete copper alloy bracelet of probable Middle Bronze Age to Middle Iron Age date. The bracelet is formed from a single bar of copper alloy that has been twisted to create a spiralling effect around much of its length. Towards the two terminal ends the wire is not twisted and instead is a short length of rectangular section. The terminals are hooked allowing the bracelet to be joined together. The wire terminates in a point on each terminal hook. Althogh now slightly distorted, it is evident that the closed diameter of the bracelet would have been very small. Spiral torcs are …
Created on: Friday 9th June 2017
Last updated: Monday 12th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-B33BF2

Record ID: BERK-B33BF2
Object type: PIN
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete copper alloy ring-or-quoit headed pin of probable Middle Bronze Age date. The pin has an open ring as its head, cast in one piece and slightly flatter in section than the shank at the juntion of both. There is no decoration on the pin head. The shank has a circular cross section and gently tapers to a sharp point; there is a slight bend towards the bottom of the shank. Small undecorated pins, including quoit headed pins, are generally dated to the Taunton phase of the Middle Bronze Age, c.1500-1200 BC. However, the date for these smaller examples, which may be either…
Created on: Thursday 4th May 2017
Last updated: Monday 8th May 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-ACE008

Record ID: BERK-ACE008
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of the tip of a cast copper alloy socketed spearhead of the stepped type, dating from Late Bronze Age, (1150 - 800 BC). The edges of the spear are worn and pitted, and there is some corrosion to the surfaces. The two faces of the spear head have differing patina; one side has a brown patina, while the other has a blue-green colouring. This is most likely due to conditions within the soil and probably because the spearhead has only recently been dislodged from its original context.
Created on: Friday 9th December 2016
Last updated: Thursday 5th January 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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