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    • Broad period: BRONZE AGE
    • Created by: Sophie Flynn
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  • Thumbnail image of ESS-DB51A6

Record ID: ESS-DB51A6
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper-alloy Bronze Age socketed spear head fragment. Broken along the vertical plane through the centre of the socket and blade, the remaining spear fragment is compose of one half of the likely original artefact. Dating from the Middle to Late Bronze Age c. 1500 - 800 BC. The blade and socket is roughly triangular in profile and tapers in thickness from socketed central portion to the thin blade edge. The shape of the item in plan also tapers slightly from a narrow pointed end, which would reflect the blade tip, to a wider portion on the opposite edge. For a similar (c…
Created on: Thursday 16th November 2017
Last updated: Monday 20th November 2017
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1E6591

Record ID: ESS-1E6591
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Blade tip of a Bronze Age axe. The item is fragmentary and only the curved blade edge of the axe remains. This makes it difficult to identify and date precisely, though it is likely, due to the metal composition and form, that the fragment is Bronze Age in date, c. 2350 - 800BC. The blade tip is lentoid in cross section, with the edges being the thinnest point (1.1mm), and the thickness gradually tapering toward the centre and away from the edge. ​Dimensions: weight: 28.44g, length: 59.1mm, width: 19.6mm, thickness at thickest point: 7.1mm
Created on: Wednesday 2nd August 2017
Last updated: Thursday 17th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-56EE7A

Record ID: ESS-56EE7A
Object type: CHISEL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
The item is possibly a copper-alloy Bronze Age (c. 1500 - 1150BC) small chisel or awl. The blade is square in cross section and tapers to a flat edge. One side of the blade tapers slightly more, making the edge on one side thinner and forming a slight concavity on this side. At the widest end of the blade there is an integral stop ridge which is semi-circular in plan and is partially broken. It would have been fully circular originally. It emerges perpendicular to the blade and tang, and is about 1.6mm thick. The blade protrudes from the centre of the face of this stop ridge on one f…
Created on: Wednesday 24th May 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 30th May 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Holbrook', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1A7A76

Record ID: ESS-1A7A76
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Bronze Age spear head dating to 1500BC to 800BC. Only the tip of the spear head remains and is sub-triangular in plan and profile. The edges have sustained damage and the break appears not to be recent. The item is triangular in shape. The mid portion of the spear is cylindrical in section, and there are two triangular sectioned flanges that protrude at each side to prodice the sharp blade edges. The spear tapers to a point, and the breakage is at the opposite end. The surface patina is a light brown with patches of green, and the inside (seen through the breakage) is …
Created on: Tuesday 8th May 2018
Last updated: Monday 14th May 2018
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-046731

Record ID: ESS-046731
Object type: PENANNULAR RING
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Description: Gold or gold plated copper alloy, Penannular Ring dating from the Late Bronze Age (c.1150-750 BC). Circular in shape and cross-section with a narrow gap between the terminals which are flat ended. Surface comprising of a bright gold colour with bands of lighter (silver-rich) gold. The ring is likely to have a copper-alloy core as its weight does not suggest it is solid gold. There are also small scratches on the surface of the ring and some cracks on both the flat terminal ends which look to cover a darker metal this could be copper-alloy. Dimensions: Weight: 1.56g,…
Created on: Monday 8th May 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 6th December 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Great Dunmow', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-28290D

Record ID: ESS-28290D
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
The blade tip of a bronze age axe blade. The item is broken and only the end or tip of the blade remains. It is made from cast copper alloy. The axe tip is sub-rectangular in shape, with the top and bottom edges of the axe widening slightly to form a sloghtly curved blade tip. The blade tip does not flare out and then back in on itself into the top and bottom edges, suggesting that the blade was a realtively plain and flat design. As none of body of the axe reamains, it is not possible to further identify in which way the item may have been hafted or secured. Dimensions: weig…
Created on: Wednesday 22nd March 2017
Last updated: Saturday 1st April 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Roxwell', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-3965F0

Record ID: ESS-3965F0
Object type: ANVIL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy anvil of probable Bronze Age date, though possibly later. The item consists of a rectangular body, 41.9mm in length, 25.76mm in width and 18.76mm in thickness. The top edge of the body is faceted, with a ridge in the centre and two faces sloping down on either side. When viewed from the side, the body of the anvil is pentagonal in shape. There is a sub rectangular projection on the bottom edge of the body approx. 28.08mm long and 6.93mm thick. This projection is sub-ovoid in cross section, and tapers to become thinner both in width and in thickness toward the end. …
Created on: Thursday 23rd March 2017
Last updated: Friday 31st March 2017
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-A81B50

Record ID: ESS-A81B50
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a copper alloy socketed axe likely dating to the late Bronze age, c. 1000 - 800 BC. The fragment is 'C' shaped in cross section and represents a 'corner' piece of the socket from a Bronze Age axe head. There is a moulded ridge on the lip of the socket, as well as another moulded transverse ridge next to this. A casting seem is still visible on the top of the object, both on the outer and inner surfaces. The item has a rough surface and a dark green/grey patina. Due to the fragmentary nature of the find, it is not possible to designate a 'type' to this axe. Dimensi…
Created on: Tuesday 28th March 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 18th July 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Mayland', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-A769EC

Record ID: ESS-A769EC
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a copper alloy axe of middle to late Bronze age date (c. 1500 to 1150 BC). The item is rectangular in shape. The butt and the flanged sides remain, whilst the majority of the axe blade is missing. The flanged sides of the axe fragment are parallel to the stop, and the upper and lower faces are concave, forming an 'H' shaped cross section. The item has a rough surface, and a reddish-brown patina all over. It was treated with renaissance wax. Due to the fragmentary nature of the axe, it is not possible to assign a type. Dimensions: weight: 106.61g, length: 70.53mm…
Created on: Tuesday 28th March 2017
Last updated: Friday 31st March 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Brentwood', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-633FBE

Record ID: ESS-633FBE
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Lithic flake implement of probable Bronze Age date c. 2500 - 800BC. The implement is composed of dark grey flint with mottled light grey inclusions. The flake is irregularly shaped and was knapped from a larger core or nodule. Despite the long edge being thin and sharp, there is limited evidence of retouch along the edge which would suggest refinement of the working edge. The flake was likely knapped via hard hammer technique as the curving fracture scar on the ventral face suggests that it was removed with significant force and perhaps with limited precision. There is evi…
Created on: Wednesday 10th January 2018
Last updated: Monday 15th January 2018
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-17C46C

Record ID: ESS-17C46C
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragmentary copper-alloy palstave axe dating from the Middle Bronze Age c. 1500 - 1000 BC. The axe retains part of the blade and stop-ridge. The blade is lentoid in section and sub-rectangular in shape, flaring outwards nearer the blade edge. The blade edge is now missing. The stop-ridge is rectangular in shape, though the depression in one face is deeper than the other. The butt portion of the axe is also missing. The thickest portion of the item is the junction between blade and stop-ridge where flanges rise to meet at the centre. The surface is very worn and the axe appears to b…
Created on: Tuesday 8th May 2018
Last updated: Thursday 7th June 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1F247F

Record ID: ESS-1F247F
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Primary flake which has been utilised as a scraper or other lithic hand-held tool. The flake's dorsal surface is covered almost entirely by cortex, suggesting it was struck as a primary flake without any prior removals on the dorsal surface. It is likely that the flake was utilised opportunistically, as there is little in terms of retouch. Where retouch is seen, primarily on the mid right edge when viewed from the dorsal face, it takes the form of parallel removals forming a steep 'backed' edge. This was likely done to blunt this portion of the edge. The retouch continues, though to a…
Created on: Friday 20th July 2018
Last updated: Thursday 26th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1EF776

Record ID: ESS-1EF776
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Possible debitage flake with evidence of some edge flaking. Likely early Bronze Age in date, c. 2500 - 1500 BC. The ventral face is uneven and mottled, though the right edge does show evidence of retouch in a parallel scaled fashion at the section nearest the butt. The retouch seems to continue along the right side for the length of the flak, though is not as clearly defined toward the tip. The dorsal face shows evidence of removals toward the butt and along the right side of the arris. These are not as regular as the small retouch on the ventral face. It is likely that the sma…
Created on: Friday 20th July 2018
Last updated: Monday 23rd July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1F6B9C

Record ID: ESS-1F6B9C
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Partially worked flake of grey flint, likely dating to the late Neolithic/early Bronze Age, c. 3000 - 1500 BC. There is retouch along the upper left edge when viewed from the ventral face which is scaled and thins the flake edge slightly. The right edge of the ventral face also shows evidence of retouch, along the bottom edge forming a shallow crescent. The upper right edge of the ventral face is straight and diagonal. When viewed from the dorsal face this edge is backed almost all along its length, with only a small portion in the middle showing no evidence of retouch. The retouch a…
Created on: Friday 20th July 2018
Last updated: Monday 23rd July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-BB59D5

Record ID: ESS-BB59D5
Object type: CHISEL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy cast chisel of probable Bronze Age date (c. 2350 - 801BC). The item is composed of a waisted portion with a curved end comprising the chisel edge, and a tapering square sectioned length emerging from the opposite side. The joint between the emergent square sectioned length and the chisel 'body' is the thickest part of the item. Dimensions: weight: 9.5g, length: 41.9mm, width: 12.2mm, thickness: 9.8mm
Created on: Thursday 21st June 2018
Last updated: Thursday 19th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


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