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    • Broad period: BRONZE AGE
    • Created by: Katie Hinds
    • Object type: PALSTAVE

  • Thumbnail image of WILT-2EA613

Record ID: WILT-2EA613
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete Middle Bronze Age low-flanged, broad-bladed shield-pattern Early unlooped palstave axehead, with recent-ish damage to the butt end. It measures 141.45mm in length and weighs in excess of 300g (limit of FLO scales). At its thickest it measures 30.12mm (across the flanges) and it is widest at the cutting edge, 63.03mm. The blade is roughly triangular in shape but heavily splayed at the very-curved cutting edge, which is slightly more expanded to one side than to the other and gives a slight impression of lop-sidedness. Below the stop ridge, it measures 22.52mm which expa…
Created on: Wednesday 28th March 2012
Last updated: Thursday 12th April 2012
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Pewsey', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-858685

Record ID: WILT-858685
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Middle Bronze Age (1250-1100 BC) copper alloy Transitional Palstave axehead of Type Roundhay, Midribbed Variant (Schmidt & Burgess, 1981, The Axes of Scotland and Northern England, plate 64 and 65, cf no.884). The axehead is 151.51mm in length with a maximum width (at the cutting edge) of 41.29mm. Its thickest point is at the stop, 30.58mm. It weighs c.370g (to the nearest 10g). The butt end is straight and slightly more worn on one corner. The stop is c.71mm from the butt end and the flanges would have been highest at this point, but they are damaged (from the plough). The stop…
Created on: Tuesday 31st January 2012
Last updated: Thursday 9th February 2012
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Heytesbury', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-D1AD62

Record ID: WILT-D1AD62
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Middle Bronze Age Transitional Palstave of Type Roundhay, Midribbed Variant (Schmidt & Burgess, 1981, The Axes of Scotland and Northern England, plate 64 and 65). The axehead is 153mm in length with a maximum width (at the cutting edge) of 40.3mm. Its thickest point is at the stop, 32.4mm. It weighs c.400g (to the nearest 10g). The butt end is slightly damaged but this is a result of the casting process and not caused through use or plough damage. Further casting errors can be seen just below the butt end and on the stop. The stop is c.75mm from the butt end and the flanges ar…
Created on: Thursday 4th January 2007
Last updated: Saturday 6th August 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Heytesbury', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-865AE4

Record ID: WILT-865AE4
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of Middle Bronze Age palstave axehead, consisting of the tip of the butt end. It is a narrow 17mm in width at the very end, which is also damaged. Its maximum thickness is 10.5mm. It widens over 23mm to 20.5mm wide at the ancient break. There are casting flashes worn down but not completely at the sides, sloping on both sides off centre towards the same side. Oval indentations on both sides below the butt accentuate the wings, just beginning. The patina is very dark green/ black and shiny. The fragment weighs 14.96g. The narrowness of the butt end suggest this is more a Middle…
Created on: Thursday 8th December 2005
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-5A7B44

Record ID: WILT-5A7B44
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Middle Bronze Age low-flanged, broad-bladed palstave axehead with Trident decoration. There is a small area of recent-ish damage to the butt end. The blade is roughly trinagular in shape with a splayed cutting edge. This is also slightly damaged but otherwise in good condition. A mid-rib extends for about half the length of the blade from beneath the stop. This, with the shield decoration that extends from the flanges, creates the trident decoration. On one face the shield is rather more triangular than the other. At the sides of the exahead the flanges has been smoothed down and a cur…
Created on: Tuesday 7th June 2005
Last updated: Thursday 13th December 2012
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Latton', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-B13034

Record ID: WILT-B13034
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of Middle Bronze Age Transitional Palstave axehead, broken across the main body of the axe (ancient break) and also across one corner of the cutting edge (more recent break). It is probably of Type Roundhay, mid-ribbed variant : the cutting edge has been moderately expanded and at the ancient break the body is narrow (20mm wide). The mid-rib is 5mm wide at the break and continues over 40mm at the same width on both faces. The fragment is 61mm in length and the surviving cutting edge is 38mm wide. Its estimated original cutting edge width is 43mm. At the ancient break, the cros…
Created on: Sunday 6th March 2005
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-B80953

Record ID: WILT-B80953
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Almost complete late Middle Bronze Age/ early Late Bronze Age, bronze Late Palstave axehead with very pronounced stop ridges and a damged butt end and cutting edge. The Late Palstaves are generally smaller in size than the transitional types and have a projecting stop. They date to the Wilburton phase. This example is plain. The axehead is 125mm in length, the length from butt to stop being 56mm. The stop projects 9mm max from the butt. The stop side flanges extend 32mm from the butt end (on one side these are damaged (ancient) and mostly missing). The side flanges have quite angular c…
Created on: Wednesday 17th November 2004
Last updated: Thursday 10th July 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Alton', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: WILT-4CE6F2
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of Middle Bronze Age palstave or Late Bronze Age winged axehead, consisting of the butt-end approx. 31mm in length with flanges or wings beginning at the sides. It is I-shaped in section at the break and weighs 43.30g. The width at the break is 29.5mm. The break is smooth (worn) but uneven and lumpy. It is 6.5mm thick; the flanges or wings are 13 and 14mm wide. The butt end is 2.5mm thick and also worn. The sides start developing after c.0.8mm. Casting seams are visible down both outside edges of the wings/ flanges, although they are worn. The patina is mostly light green wit…
Created on: Monday 26th July 2004
Last updated: Tuesday 27th September 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Great Bedwyn', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NMS-B61C47

Record ID: NMS-B61C47
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Pair of palstaves, found after 1947 and reported to the Norfolk SMR in 1957. They are thought to have been found together. One palstave is looped, with trident decoration and sides flaring to a splayed and curved cutting edge with pronounced chamfering. The axehead is in good conndition with much of its patina remaining and tooling/ filing marks clearly visible along the casting seams. There is a slight depression on both sides of the hafting area. Some damage to cutting edge and butt end. Length 159mm, cutting edge width 67mm, weighs 554g. Cf. Schmidt & Burgess (1981) nos.824-832…
Created on: Wednesday 21st May 2003
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'NORFOLK THURSFORD', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: NMS1770
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Published Find published
LMBA Incomplete Transitional palstave, probable Type Shelf, Trident variation with side loop. Broken beneath stop and trident decoration, where midrib emerges. Flanges considerably worn on one side. Stop is prominent and hafting area rectangular in shape. Much patina lost. Iron staining evident. Palstave itself long and slim (width at stop, flange to flange, c.20mm). Length 83mm, weighs 164.59g. Similar in shape of hafting area and decoration to axe no.877, Schmidt & Burgess 1981.
Created on: Tuesday 1st April 2003
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'BAWDESWELL', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: NMS602
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Primary shield pattern palstave (Schmidt & Burgess 1981, plate 57, nos.775&6). Flanges broken (only one retains an original bit of edge). Two curious lines, deliberately cut, appear crossing on one face of the axe. They both cut along the two lower lines of shield decoration and the patina has not survived showing how deep and purposeful these cuts are. Cutting edge very worn. Butt of axe also worn/ a little broken. Middle Bronze Age, prob. of Acton Park date. Length 154mm, Weighs 327g (to nearest gram).
Created on: Tuesday 1st April 2003
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'ASHWELLTHORPE', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: NMS1187
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Transitional palstave with trident decoration. Slim axehead with narrow waist beneath stop, sides expanding gently to the cutting edge. Prominent stop. Almost identical to finished palstave from same findspot in all aspects except blade shape. Trident decoration in form of raised ribs. Surface condition good with little encrustaion and a brown/ orange patina. Butt-end shows casting imperfection (?burst bubble) and encrusted ?break (?casting imperfection). Length 169mm, cutting edge width c.40mm (not inclusive of casting flash), weighs 498g. Probably date to Penard phase (late MBA/ beg.…
Created on: Tuesday 1st April 2003
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'FELTWELL', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: NMS871
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Transitional palstave with trident decoration. Slim axehead with narrow waist beneath stop, sides expanding outwards towards the cutting edge 'crinolin' style. Small part of blade edge missing/ broken. Hafting end intact except for broken flange. Prominent stop. Much of raised-rib trident decoration obscured by corrosion/ encrustation. Almost identical to unfinished palstave from same findspot in all aspects except blade shape. Casting flashes smoothed but obvious. Length 170mm, cutting edge width 45mm, weighs 473g. Probably date to Penard phase (late MBA/ beg. LBA) c.1150-1300 BC.
Created on: Tuesday 1st April 2003
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'FELTWELL', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: NMS630
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Low-flanged palstave axe with side loop. Found with part of haft intact (now removed and sent to the BM for analysis) -wood survived within area bound by flanges. Cutting edge broken at one end and along bottom edge. Flanges stop c.22mm short of the intact and squarish butt. Cutting edge is wide and greatly expanded (cutting width c.70+mm). Sides of blade are steeply curved. Blade is chamfered, and toone side has a substantial c.20mm crack running along the cutting edge. Some of the wooden haft remain on one side only, and below, in line with the stop and angled into the middle of the …
Created on: Tuesday 1st April 2003
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'NORFOLK FELTWELL', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: NMS573
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Cutting end fragment of palstave axe, heavily pitted and worn. Cutting edge chipped, old damage. Blade slim and width narrow (cutting edge width c.37mm). Decoration, a rounded midrib. Probably a late palstave, similar to Type Silsden (Schmidt & Burgess 1981, plate 67, nos.924-926) Weighs 84.40g; Length c.45mm
Created on: Tuesday 1st April 2003
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'ANTINGHAM', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: NMS676
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Small (L. 104mm) primary shield pattern palstave, haft area longer than body. Sides straight, flaring suddenly to expanded cutting edge. Cutting edge bevelled from point where flaring begins. Surfce badly pitted, cutting edge worn and a little broken. Edges of flanges also worn and broken in places. Casting flashes visible but worn down. Cutting edge width 44mm, weighs 232g.
Created on: Tuesday 1st April 2003
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'MAUTBY', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: NMS2692
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Fragment of cutting edge of palstave, surface pitted. Body of axe is straight, splaying a little just at the cutting edge. Cutting edge straight with a slight curve. Decoration in the form of a chunky midrib. Probably Transitional or Late type. Weighs 74.33g, cutting edge width 48mm.
Created on: Tuesday 1st April 2003
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'GRESSENHALL', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NMS119

Record ID: NMS119
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Looped palstave axe, narrow blade width very similar to transitional palstaves. Expanded and curved cutting edge and protruding blade tips (very similar to low flange palstave type Carleton). Raised mid-rib and shield decoration forming trident decoration. 3 vertical ribs above stop. Excellent condition, though edge worn and surface pitted. Probably early looped group III, Type Carleton c.1400-1000 BC
Created on: Monday 22nd January 2001
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'NORFOLK NORTH TUDDENHAM', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: NMS86
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Low-flanged (broad blade) palstave, triangular blade flaring gently to a 55mm wide cutting edge. Edge of blade damaged. 'Trident' decoration (Y-shaped, no central prong, cf. Schmidt and Burgess 1981, no.805) below stop on each side, within shallow shield-shaped depression. Wantage type, c.1500-1400 BC
Created on: Tuesday 28th November 2000
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'NORFOLK THOMPSON', grid reference and parish protected.


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