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    • Broad period: BRONZE AGE
    • Created by: Peter Reavill

  • Thumbnail image of HESH-A05816

Record ID: HESH-A05816
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Telford and Wrekin
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy axe or knife blank / ingot of Chalcolithic / Early Bronze Age date (2450 - 2300 BC). The blank is oval in shape with the butt being rounded narrowed and tapered. In profile it is lentoid in shape and its cross section is a similar lentoid shape. The 'cutting' edge is rounded, from the external edges it tapers gradually until it forms a narrowed but rounded but. There is no sign of a stop ridge or any form of cast design. It is thickest at the mid-point. The surface of the blank is heavily eroded and corroded, small areas of original patinated surface survive but on …
Created on: Thursday 26th July 2018
Last updated: Monday 30th July 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Wenlock', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-5C40D5

Record ID: HESH-5C40D5
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A complete cast copper alloy / bronze ribbed socketed axe of later Bronze Age / Ewart Park date (950-750 BC). The axe is relatively robust with a square shaped mouth and relatively straight sides which expand near the base of the socket to form an asymmetrical crescent shaped cutting edge. The mouth of the axe is broadly sub-rectangular in cross-section; it is poorly finished with four distinct D shaped casting runners / casting jets projecting from the mid-point of each edge. The mouth moulding / collar around the mouth is swollen with a prominent bulbous or biconocal external ridge. …
Created on: Tuesday 17th April 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 18th July 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'River Perry', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-83416C

Record ID: HESH-83416C
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete but abraded undecorated flat axe of Early Bronze Age date (c. 2000 - 1700 BC). The axe probably best fits within the Migdale metalworking tradition Type: Migdale - undecorated variant. These are dated to the Early Bronze Age (EBA phase II / III), of metalworking stage IV-VI, which corresponds to Needham's (1996) Period 2-3 circa 2250 - 1900 CAL. BC. The flat axe is broadly sub rectangular in plan with a narrow butt evenly expanding sides that extend to a splayed crescent shaped blade. In profile the axe is broadly lentoid / lenticular, with tapering ends. In cross section th…
Created on: Wednesday 6th December 2017
Last updated: Friday 18th May 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Craven Arms', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-B82EBA

Record ID: HESH-B82EBA
Object type: RAPIER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Telford and Wrekin
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete fragment from a much eroded cast bronze (copper alloy) rapier or dirk of Middle Bronze Age date (1500-1150 BC). The fragment consists of just the tip of the blade and is heavily eroded having been much rolled in the ploughsoil, The blade fragment has a high median ridge / mid-rib and distinctive lozenge / diamond shaped section at the break; both these characteristics are diagnostic of rapiers and dirks being thought to be used for short sharp lunging, thrusting, or stabbing rather than cutting. The cutting edges have all been lost near the break and are distorted by plo…
Created on: Monday 9th October 2017
Last updated: Monday 23rd October 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Ercall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-B7DCA2

Record ID: HESH-B7DCA2
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Telford and Wrekin
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An eroded and but relatively well preserved cast copper alloy (bronze) early or primary palstave, probably of Group III - shield shaped / trident decoration - of Middle Bronze Age date (1500-1300 BC). The palstave axe fits best with the Acton Park II and Taunton metalworking assemblages (Needham Period 5) - both assemblages fit within Burgess's Metal Working Stage VIII and IX. The palstave is broadly rectangular in plan with relatively straight parallel sides which flare on the lower blade and expand to form a wide crescentic cutting edge / blade. In profile the palstave is lentoi…
Created on: Monday 9th October 2017
Last updated: Thursday 23rd November 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Wellington', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-2BD206

Record ID: HESH-2BD206
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete cast copper alloy (bronze) palstave axe with side loop and three decorative ribs. It is most probably from the period 1050-950 BC which fits with Wilburton and Penard assemblages of the later Middle and earlier Late Bronze Age; this corresponds with Needham (1996) Period 5-6 fitting with Metalworking Assemblage X. The axe is relatively diminutive (small) being broadly rectangular in plan and ovoid in profile. The blade of the palstave has straight sides that flare to form a distinctive pronounced blade tips descending to forms a crescent shaped cutting edge. The rear par…
Created on: Thursday 15th December 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 16th January 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Clunbury', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: HESH-C785F1
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy (bronze) early or primary palstave of Group I - shield patterned type - of Middle Bronze Age date (1500-1300 BC). The palstave axe fits best with the Acton Park II and Taunton metalworking assemblages (Needham Period 5) - both assemblages fit within Burgess's Metal Working Stage VIII and IX. The palstave is broadly rectangular in plan with relatively straight parallel side which flare below the stop ridge on the upper blade and expand evenly. The sides expand to form a wide crescentic cutting edge / blade. In profile the palstave is lentoid with the thickest sec…
Created on: Wednesday 18th November 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 16th February 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leominster', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-3B6C58

Record ID: HESH-3B6C58
Object type: RAPIER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Telford and Wrekin
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete fragment from a much eroded cast bronze (copper alloy) rapier of Middle Bronze Age date (1500-1150 BC). The fragment consists of just the tip of the blade and is heavily eroded having been much rolled in the ploughsoil, The blade fragment has a high median ridge / mid-rib and distinctive lozenge / diamond shaped section at the break; both these characteristics are diagnostic of rapiers being thought to be used for short sharp lunging, thrusting, or stabbing rather than cutting. The cutting edges have all been lost. The rapier fragment is a mid green colour with an uneven…
Created on: Tuesday 7th October 2014
Last updated: Tuesday 12th May 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Lilleshall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-3AFE67

Record ID: HESH-3AFE67
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A developed flat axe with hammer raised flanges of later Early Bronze Age date (c. 2000 - 1700 BC) specifically of the axe type Arreton which is dated to Early Bronze Age III, of metalworking stage V, which corresponds to Needham's (1996) Period 3 circa 2000 - 1700 CAL BC. The axehead is broadly sub rectangular in plan with a splayed crescent shaped blade. In profile it is broadly lentoid, with slight tapering edges and a thin butt with a rounded shape. The overall length is 108.4mm and the axe weighs 165.7 grams. The butt of the axe has a rounded shape and is very thin, the edges …
Created on: Tuesday 7th October 2014
Last updated: Thursday 27th November 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Telford', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: HESH-B9E688
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Telford and Wrekin
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast bronze (copper alloy) developed side looped and socketed spear (spearhead) of Middle Bronze Age date (1500 - 1150 BC). The spearhead fits best within Davis (2012) Group 6 Developed side-looped Type 6 D Ogival blade. The spearhead is irregular in plan and broadly triangular in profile. The blade is incomplete, the cutting edges having been removed through abrasion and corrosion; in shape it is broadly ogival having slight tapering sides that terminate with a rounded tip, the widest point of the blade is set low down and the bottom edge of the blade curves swiftly towards the socke…
Created on: Thursday 8th May 2014
Last updated: Wednesday 14th May 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Ercall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-ECF938

Record ID: HESH-ECF938
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A complete bronze ribbed socketed axe with a very square shaped mouth and relatively straight sides which expand near the base of the socket. The sides flare to form a slightly expanded blade edge. The mouth of the axe is sub-rectangular in cross-section; it has been unevenly shaped with the edges of the mouth being heavily trimmed to remove the four casting runners / casting jets - only ones of these is clearly present as a slight square shaped projection. The mouth moulding / collar around the mouth is indistinct with very straight sides that are interrupted by a thick transverse mo…
Created on: Sunday 2nd February 2014
Last updated: Tuesday 27th September 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Ellesmere', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-092511

Record ID: HESH-092511
Object type: INGOT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Buckinghamshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A gold alloy 'finger shaped' ingot. The ingot is broadly rectangular in plan with a facetted oval / plano-convex shaped cross section. The ingot tapers in width from a bulbous terminal to a slender section which is broken; the break is recent, fresh and unabraded. The bulbous end has a slightly faceted section. There is no evidence of hammer marks or small striations, the surface is slightly pitted through corrosion and abrasion. The ingot is a yellow colour with a smooth surface. Dimensions: The ingot measures: 35.6mm length, 10.7mm maximum width, 7.9mm maximum thickness; and i…
Created on: Thursday 5th December 2013
Last updated: Tuesday 26th January 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-B617D3

Record ID: HESH-B617D3
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
An incomplete cast bronze (copper alloy) socketed axe of Late Bronze Age date (1000 - 750 BC). The axe is incomplete; it is missing the mouth and upper part of the socket including the loop and is broken below the mid-point. Due to the damage classification is difficult. It is likely that this axe fits within the socketed and faceted axe typology probably associated with the Wilburton metalworking traditions (phase X) and earlier phases of the Ewart Park tradition (phase XII). This corresponds to Needham's (1996) Period 6-7 circa 1000-750 CAL. BC. The axe is broadly sub-rectangular…
Created on: Tuesday 19th November 2013
Last updated: Tuesday 27th September 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Billingsley', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-A81AA5

Record ID: HESH-A81AA5
Object type: HOARD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Specialist Treasure Report for H.M. Coroner: 2013 -T494: Hoard of Prehistoric Metalwork from the Sutton Area, Herefordshire HM Coroner: Mr. Mark Bricknell District: Herefordshire Assemblage date: Late Bronze Age - specifically Ewart Park Phase c. 950 - 750 BC Findspot: Sutton Area, Herefordshire. The findspot lies a few metres north-west of a meandering watercourse / stream - which joins with another stream and forms the Little Lugg Date of discovery: January 2013 Circumstances of discovery: Whilst searching with a metal detector Description: When found the …
Created on: Thursday 1st August 2013
Last updated: Monday 4th December 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Sutton', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-5EC144

Record ID: HESH-5EC144
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy (bronze) looped transitional type palstave of later Middle or Late Bronze Age date (1150-1000 BC) - most probably associated with the Penard phase (Needham Period 5) although they are also known from the early Wilburton phases (Needham Period 6) - both assemblages fit within Burgess Metal Working Stage X - sometimes also known as Middle Bronze Age III. The palstave is broadly rectangular in plan with relatively straight parallel side which flare on the lower blade and expand to form a shallow crescentic cutting edge. In profile the palstave is lentoid with the w…
Created on: Tuesday 5th March 2013
Last updated: Tuesday 26th September 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'shrewsbury', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-F65398

Record ID: HESH-F65398
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy (bronze) fragment from a palstave or socketed axehead of Middle - Later Bronze Age Date (1300-800 BC). The fragment consists of a small piece from the loop of the axe, none of the body survives and the breaks are relatively worn and similarly patinated to the rest of the artefact suggesting damage in antiquity. The profile of the loop is C shape with a faceted exterior edge. The surface IS a mid brown polished patina with very little sign of abrasion.From the size shape and metal it is most likely to be a fragment from a looped palstave of later Middle Bronze Age dat…
Created on: Wednesday 5th December 2012
Last updated: Tuesday 26th September 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Clungunford', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-CFC925

Record ID: HESH-CFC925
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Wrexham
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A near complete cast bronze (copper alloy) side looped and socketed spear (spearhead) of Middle Bronze Age date (1500 - 1150 BC). The spearhead is irregular in plan and profile with an incomplete and abraded sub-oval / leaf-shaped blade. The hollow socket is near complete with a small area of relatively modern damage (cracking) at the base. Two single cast 'string' side loops are present, one on either edge. The tip of the spearhead is complete however the side blades have been much abraded in the soil, loosing most of their shape and also their cutting edges. However, the overall …
Created on: Wednesday 21st November 2012
Last updated: Thursday 3rd July 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Rossett', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: HESH-505FA5
Object type: CASTING WASTE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper alloy (bronze) casting waste of uncertain date; most probably Mid - Late Bronze Age (1500-700 BC). However, due to the lack of context and the continuation of casting styles this artefact could be dated from Bronze Age - Roman period (c. 1500 BC - 450 AD). This fragment is from the neck (funnel / well) of a composite, probably two part, mould. The casting waste is conical; being oval in plan and D shaped in cross section. In profile the edges of the waste taper relatively evenly. The base of the casting waste is irregular with the remains of one long rectangular runner being pr…
Created on: Thursday 15th November 2012
Last updated: Monday 3rd December 2012
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Weobley', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-4E4686

Record ID: HESH-4E4686
Object type: UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of highly leaded cast copper alloy of uncertain date. The fragment is undiagnostic being broadly rectangular in plan and triangular in section. The surface is a mid - light greenish grey colour and it is eroded in the ploughsoil. This type of artefact is not normally recorded, however it was recovered from close to the findspot of HESH-4E3374 and may hint at Late Bronze Age metalworking in the area. The fragment measures: 22.2mm length, 21.9mm width, is 5.7mm thick and weighs 6.00 grams
Created on: Thursday 15th November 2012
Last updated: Monday 3rd December 2012
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Weobley', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-4E3374

Record ID: HESH-4E3374
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A possible fragment from the upper socket / mouth of a cast copper alloy (bronze) socketed axe / axehead of Late Bronze Age date (c. 950-750 BC). These axes are considered to be part of the Ewart Park metalworking tradition (Metalworking phase XII) which corresponds to Needham's (1996) Period 6-7 circa 1000-700 CAL. BC. The fragment is miscast and relatively eroded; it represents a small area of the upper socket of an area below the moulded mouth / collar. It is irregular in plan and profile being broadly L shaped in cross section. There are no other features present, such as decorati…
Created on: Thursday 15th November 2012
Last updated: Friday 21st December 2012
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Weobley', grid reference and parish protected.


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