HOARD

Unique ID: IARCH-173134

Workflow status: Published Find published

Known as

Cliburn

Quantity summary

  • Coins in hoard: 62
  • Containers for the hoard: 1

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN

Coin chronology

Last ruler: Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer)
Last Reece period: Period 15 The Tetrarchy (296-317)
Date from: AD 310
Date to: AD 313
Terminal reason: Date of latest coin


Image use policy

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Coin summary

Download as CSV
Period Ruler Denomination Mint From To Quantity
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) - AD 294 AD 299 7
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) - AD 300 AD 305 32
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) - AD 306 AD 310 22
ROMAN Constantine I Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) Trier AD 310 AD 313 1

Coin data quality rating: Good (Grade 3)

Description

Robertson 2000, 240 no. 992:

""In 1984, a hoard of tetrarchic folles was recovered from the grounds of Shaw Hall, Cliburn (precise reference lodged with Carlisle Museum and Art Gallery). The 62 coins, which were mostly in good condition, were recovered with fragments of a black cooking-pot (see below). The range of the hoard is from AD 294 to a SOLI INVICTO COMITI issue of AD 310-313; this is a not uncommon hoarding-period..
The bulk of the present coins are issues of the London, Trier, and Lyons mints, with a few issues from Rome, Ticinum, Aquileia, and Carthage. The nearest comparable hoard is that from Kirksteads, Carlisle [no. 998].
"
The 62 coins were listed according to mints and types. Rearranged according to emperors and mints they were:
London Trier Lyons Ticinum Rome Aquileia Carthage
TOTAL
Diocletian 3 11 1 15
Maximian 11 1 2 1 1 16
Constantius I, Caes. 3 5 1 1 1 11
Constantius I, Aug. 1 1 2
Constantius I (deified) 2 1 3
Galerius, Caes. 3 3 1 1 8
Maximinus Daza, Caes. 1 1
Constantine I, Caes. 3 2 5
Constantine I, Aug. 1 1
RULE
24 25 7 1 3 1 1 62
(of AD 310-13)
-D.C.A. Shotter, in TCWAAS, n.s., 86 (1986), 250-5, mints, types
-"Fifteen sherds were recovered from a pot which was presumably the container. These allow the certain restoration in drawing of the profile and decoration of the vessel up to a height of 14.5 cm. This, in turn, permits the conjectural restoration of the whole vessel.
The pot was made in a smooth pale grey fabric which today can be seen only in a few modern breaks and chips. Otherwise, all surfaces, including those of fractures, have been stained brownish by the soil conditions. This fact indicates that the pot was broken long ago, as is also suggested by the survival of no more than perhaps 20% of the vessel. The outer surface of the pot was smoothed by the potter with the exception of a horizontal zone commencing 6.0 cm. up from the base and 7.0 cm. wide. The zone was defined at its upper edge by a tooled line, and vertical lines were made with the same tool down the untreated zone. Form, fabric and decoration all agree in suggesting that the pot approximated to Gillam's Types 40 and 41 and the drawing restoration has been completed on that basis. The date range of those two types (AD 290-400) conforms to the deposition date of the hoard.
The vessels illustrated by Gillam are Crambeck types, more likely to be found west of the Pennines after c. AD 350."
-B.J.N. Edwards (ibid.), 251, pot drawn"

Materials of coins and artefacts in the hoard

  • Ceramic
  • Copper alloy

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 1st January 1984 - Monday 31st December 1984

Personal details

Recorded by: Dr Eleanor Ghey

Other reference numbers

Legacy hoard number: 398
SMR reference number: Pastscape 875552

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Cumbria (County)
District: Eden (District)
To be known as: Cliburn

Spatial coordinates


Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Unknown
General landuse: Other
Specific landuse: Unknown

Archaeological context

No archaeological context available.

References cited

Audit data

Recording Institution: IARCH
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago

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