HOARD

Unique ID: IARCH-42B6B3

Workflow status: Published Find published

Known as

Southsea

Quantity summary

  • Coins in hoard: 926
  • Containers for the hoard: 1

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN

Coin chronology

Last ruler: Julian
Last Reece period: Period 18 Constantinian III (348-364)
Date from: AD 361
Date to: AD 363
Terminal reason: Date of latest ruler/issuer


Image use policy

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Coin summary

Download as CSV
Period Ruler Denomination Mint From To Quantity
ROMAN Trajan Denarius (Empire) - - - 2
ROMAN Antoninus Pius Denarius (Empire) - - - 2
ROMAN Faustina the Elder Denarius (Empire) - AD 141 AD 161 1
ROMAN Marcus Aurelius (as Augustus) Denarius (Empire) - - - 1
ROMAN House of Constantine Miliarensis - - - 49
ROMAN Magnentius Miliarensis - - - 2
ROMAN Constantius Gallus Miliarensis - - - 3
ROMAN Julian Miliarensis - - - 6
ROMAN House of Constantine Siliqua - - - 386
ROMAN Magnentius Siliqua - - - 2
ROMAN Decentius Siliqua - - - 2
ROMAN Constantius Gallus Siliqua - - - 1
ROMAN Julian Siliqua - - - 469

Coin data quality rating: Good (Grade 3)

Description

Robertson 2000, 335 no. 1368:

""About 30 years ago, in a field near Lumps Lane, Southsea, some workmen who were digging clay turned up a number of fragments of Roman pottery, and one vase or urn was recovered entire. This same field lately came into the possession of Mr. Harry A. Evans whose workmen also discovered several fragments, and one of them had the good fortune to unearth a jar filled with silver coins to the number of about a thousand. They included a few of the reigns of Trajan, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius, but the majority belonged to the middle of the fourth century."
W. Gates, Ill. Hist. of Portsmouth (1900), 18: ref. supplied, 1936, by G. Askew)
The coins were examined by H.A. Grueber, and 36 of them were presented by H.M. Treasury to the Dept. of Coins and Medals, BM. Mr. Evans retained the remainder, save for 63 others presented, with the pot, to Portsmouth Museum.
Dr. J. Allan pointed out that the date when the hoard was discovered was 1897, and gave a descriptive list of 926 coins, taken from a manuscript list by Grueber.
NC, 1936, 292-302, types, mints
P. Ker Gray gave the exact location of the discovery as "in what is now a garden enclosed by Eastern Parade, St. George's Road, and Selsey Avenue, Eastney". In 1958 he examined 51 coins then in the possession of Mr. E. Rogers, Denmead, son-in-law of Mr. Norton, an employee of the late Mr. H.A. Evans and the actual finder of the hoard. Of these 51 coins, 38 repeat types listed by Dr. J. Allan, but 13 do not. These 13 at least are presumably additions to the 926 coins listed by Dr. Allan.
NC, 1959, 89-91, types, mints, wts., pl. VII of coins
The two lists, of 926 coins, and of 13 coins - den., mil., and sil. (with possibly some half-sil.) -, and their totals, are:
H.A. Grueber's list P.K. Gray's list TOTAL 0
Den. Mil. Sil. Mil. Sil. Den. Mil Sil. 0
Trajan 2 2 02
Antoninus Pius 2 2 02
Faustina I (deified) 1 1 01
Marcus 1 1 01
Diocletian 1 1 01
Constantine I 1 1 1 2 1 03
Crispus 1 1 01
Constantine II, Caes. 1 1 01
Constantius II, Aug. 43 360 1 44 360 0404
Constans, Aug. 4 24 2 3 6 27 033
Magnentius 2 2 1 3 2 05
Decentius 2 1 1 2 03
Constantius Gallus 3 1 1 3 2 05
Julian II, Caes. 1 69 1 2 69 071
Julian II, Aug. 5 400 1 5 401 0406
RULE 0RULE
6 60 860 8 5 6 68 865 0939
Total: 926 Total: 13 Total: 939 0
RULE 0RULE
(1 b.)
(1 b.)
(mule)
(b.?)
(1 b.) A sil. Attributed to Constantine II, Aug., in NC, 1936, 292-302, has been re-assigned to Constantine I. A mil. Attributed to Constantine II, Aug., in NC, 1959, 89-91, has been re-assigned to Constantine I. The irregular coin of Julian II, Aug. (wt. 25 grs.) had obv. FL CL IVLIANVS P P AVG, and rev. VICTORI AONVM [SIS].
Cathy E. King, in BNJ, 51 (1981), 15, gave the numbers as 77 mil., 811 sil., and 6 den of C2.
By 1938, there were only 56 coins from the hoard remaining in Portsmouth Museum, along with the pot, a one-handled jug of hard grey-brown ware with the bottom missing. The surviving portion was 7 1/2 in. high and 6 1/4 in. wide. The coins have since been lost during the air raids of the 1939-45 War.
Examined, and pot drawn, 1938 (ASR)
In addition to the 36 coins originally acquired by the Dept. of Coins and Medals, BM (BM Register of Coin Accessions, July 1897), there are now 9 others (7 mil., 2 sil.) presented by Mr. Rogers (BM Register of Coin Accessions, March 1959). The other coins in his possession, 42, he presented to Cumberland House Museum, Southsea, Portsmouth.
There were 5 other sil. From this hoard (Constantius II, Aug. 3; Julian II, Aug. 2) in Carisbrooke Castle Museum, IOW, out of 6 presented by A.H. Baldwin before 1952.
Examined, 1960 (ASR)"

Notes

The Pastscape record gives the date of discovery of pottery including a complete urn as 1870, with the hoard discovery following in 1897. Grueber's list is used here. Latest coins Julian Augustus (and one barbarous of these).

HER gives additional information: "The pot was 'of the usual black Roman pottery
shape of a water carafe with narrow neck'. The hoard was situated in the top of the brick-earth/clay, 'just below the vegetable mound' [mould ?], only a few inches below the surface."

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: British Museum (part); Cumberland House Museum (part)

Materials of coins and artefacts in the hoard

  • Ceramic
  • Silver

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 1st January 1897 - Friday 31st December 1897

Personal details

Recorded by: Dr Eleanor Ghey

Other reference numbers

Legacy hoard number: 254
SMR reference number: Pastscape 461946; HER MPM44; HER MPM1130; Hampshire HER 19066

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: City of Portsmouth (Unitary Authority)
District: City of Portsmouth (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Southsea

Spatial coordinates


Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Agricultural or drainage work
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

Archaeological context

No archaeological context available.

References cited

Audit data

Recording Institution: IARCH
Created: 4 years ago
Updated: 3 years ago

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