Unique ID: IARCH-F189F1

Workflow status: Published Find published

Known as


Quantity summary

  • Coins in hoard: 507
  • Containers for the hoard: 1


Broad period: ROMAN

Coin chronology

Last ruler: Tetricus II
Last Reece period: Period 13 Gallienus sole reign to Aurelian (260-275)
Date from: AD 272
Date to: AD 274
Terminal reason: Incomplete information

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Coin summary

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Period Ruler Denomination Mint From To Quantity
ROMAN Gallienus (joint or sole reign) Radiate (antoninianus) - AD 253 AD 268 50
ROMAN Claudius II Radiate (antoninianus) - AD 268 AD 270 30
ROMAN Victorinus Radiate (antoninianus) Gallic mint AD 269 AD 271 55
ROMAN - Radiate (antoninianus) Gallic mint AD 271 AD 274 120
ROMAN Uncertain Radiate (antoninianus) - - - 142
ROMAN Uncertain Radiate (antoninianus) - - - 110

Coin data quality rating: Fair (Grade 2)


Robertson 2000, 137 no. 605:

""In 1820, a mole-catcher, working in Brereton, at a short distance from the farm mentioned, and that of about four miles (direct) from the Kinderton Station, at a point where a small brook is crossed by the footpath from Brereton to Sandbach, struck his paddle against something resembling a mass of fused metal, contained in a decayed box, but afterwards found to consist of about a thousand Roman Coins, bound together by verdigris and rust. Nearly six hundred of them are in my possession, which are partly broken and corroded, and partly good specimens of the denarii aerei of Gallienus, Claudius II., Tetricus, the two Tetrici, Victorinus and Diocletian."
-Dr. G. Ormerod, in Arch. Camb., 2 (1847), 182
Dr. Ormerod gave 507 coins from this hoard to the Museum of the Historic Society of Lancs. and Cheshire:
Gallienus 50
Victorinus 55
Claudius II 30
Tetrici 120
uncertain radiates 142
frag.s 110

J.T. Davies, and F.W. Longbottom, Cat. of Library and Museum of Hist. Soc. of Lancs. and Chesh. (1857), 37
In 1884, only 140 of these coins still remained in the Museum, where W.T. Watkin identified one of them as of Salonina, another as of Quintillus, and a few others as being of the emperors already listed.
W.T. Watkin, Roman Cheshire (1886), 311
As neither the Museum Catalogue nor Watkin mentioned any coins later than the Tetrici, Dr. Ormerod may have been mistaken in including Diocletian among the emperors represented in the hoard.
Proc. Hist. Soc. of Lancs. and Cheshire, II (1850), 40, recorded that in 1830 there was presented to the Society, "large collection of Roman denarii, found at Bradwell, near Chesterton, Staffordshire, from G. Ormerod, Esq."
Dr. Ormerod, noted, on the same page, that the coins were found, not in Staffordshire, but near Bradwall, not far from Kinderton, Cheshire; i.e., this is the Brereton, 1820 (Chesh.) hoard."


There are thought to have been between 1000 and 600 coins in the original hoard but many have since been lost. The 1847 account of discovery mentions Diocletian but none of that emperor reported in subsequent catalogues. The summary here is Robertson's listing from Davies and Longbottom 1857 (2000, 137). Coins said to have been in the Museum of the Hist. Soc. Of Lancs. And Chesh. Unfortunately the HSLC museum collection was partly or mostly destroyed in the May Blitz of 1941.

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: Unknown

Materials of coins and artefacts in the hoard

  • Copper alloy
  • Other

Containers linked to this hoard

Record ID: IARCH-D9F7F6
Object type: BOX
Broad period: ROMAN

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Saturday 1st January 1820 - Sunday 31st December 1820

Personal details

Recorded by: Dr Eleanor Ghey

Other reference numbers

Legacy hoard number: 205
SMR reference number: HER 1100

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Cheshire East (Unitary Authority)
District: Cheshire East (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Brereton

Spatial coordinates

Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Agricultural or drainage work
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

Archaeological context

No archaeological context available.

References cited

Audit data

Recording Institution: IARCH
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago

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