HOARD

Unique ID: IARCH-D44DA6

Workflow status: Published Find published

Known as

Mattishall

Quantity summary

  • Coins in hoard: 1084
  • Containers for the hoard: 1

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN

Coin chronology

Last ruler: Postumus
Last Reece period: Period 13 Gallienus sole reign to Aurelian (260-275)
Date from: AD 260
Date to: AD 261
Terminal reason: Date of latest coin


Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY licence (unless stated otherwise).

Coin summary

Download as CSV
Period Ruler Denomination Mint From To Quantity
ROMAN Antoninus Pius Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 138 AD 161 2
ROMAN Faustina the Elder Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 141 AD 161 1
ROMAN Commodus Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 180 AD 192 1
ROMAN Clodius Albinus Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 193 AD 197 1
ROMAN Septimius Severus Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 193 AD 211 58
ROMAN Septimius Severus Denarius (Empire) Eastern mint AD 193 AD 211 12
ROMAN Julia Domna Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 193 AD 211 21
ROMAN Julia Domna Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 211 AD 217 3
ROMAN Caracalla Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 196 AD 198 12
ROMAN Caracalla Denarius (Empire) Eastern mint AD 196 AD 198 1
ROMAN Caracalla Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 198 AD 211 15
ROMAN Caracalla Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 211 AD 217 10
ROMAN Plautilla Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 202 AD 205 1
ROMAN Geta Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 198 AD 209 18
ROMAN Geta Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 209 AD 212 2
ROMAN Macrinus Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 217 AD 218 6
ROMAN Elagabalus Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 218 AD 222 165
ROMAN Elagabalus Denarius (Empire) Eastern mint AD 218 AD 222 5
ROMAN Elagabalus Radiate (antoninianus) Rome AD 218 AD 222 1
ROMAN Julia Maesa Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 218 AD 222 49
ROMAN Julia Soaemias Denarius (Empire) Eastern mint AD 218 AD 222 15
ROMAN Julia Aquilia Severa Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 218 AD 222 2
ROMAN Julia Paula Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 218 AD 222 12
ROMAN Severus Alexander Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 222 AD 235 248
ROMAN Julia Mamaea Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 222 AD 235 53
ROMAN Severus Alexander Denarius (Empire) Eastern mint AD 222 AD 235 11
ROMAN Severus Alexander Radiate (antoninianus) - AD 222 AD 235 1
ROMAN Orbiana Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 222 AD 235 1
ROMAN Maximinus Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 235 AD 238 29
ROMAN Gordian II Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 238 AD 238 1
ROMAN Balbinus Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 238 AD 238 1
ROMAN Balbinus Radiate (antoninianus) Rome AD 238 AD 238 2
ROMAN Pupienus Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 238 AD 238 1
ROMAN Gordian III Denarius (Empire) Rome AD 238 AD 244 5
ROMAN Gordian III Radiate (antoninianus) Rome AD 238 AD 244 138
ROMAN Gordian III Radiate (antoninianus) Eastern mint AD 238 AD 244 10
ROMAN Philip I Radiate (antoninianus) Rome AD 244 AD 249 74
ROMAN Philip I Radiate (antoninianus) Eastern mint AD 244 AD 249 2
ROMAN Otacilia Severa Radiate (antoninianus) Rome AD 244 AD 249 12
ROMAN Otacilia Severa Radiate (antoninianus) Eastern mint AD 244 AD 249 1
ROMAN Philip II Radiate (antoninianus) Rome AD 244 AD 247 3
ROMAN Philip II Radiate (antoninianus) Rome AD 247 AD 249 5
ROMAN Trajan Decius Radiate (antoninianus) Rome AD 249 AD 251 11
ROMAN Herennia Etruscilla Radiate (antoninianus) Rome AD 249 AD 251 7
ROMAN Trajan Decius Radiate (antoninianus) Rome AD 249 AD 251 1
ROMAN Herennius Etruscus Radiate (antoninianus) Rome AD 249 AD 251 4
ROMAN Trebonianus Gallus Radiate (antoninianus) Rome AD 251 AD 253 11
ROMAN Volusian Radiate (antoninianus) Rome AD 251 AD 253 5
ROMAN Aemilian Radiate (antoninianus) Rome AD 253 AD 253 1
ROMAN Valerian I Radiate (antoninianus) Gallic mint AD 253 AD 260 3
ROMAN Gallienus (Joint reign) Radiate (antoninianus) Gallic mint AD 253 AD 260 1
ROMAN Salonina (joint reign) Radiate (antoninianus) Gallic mint AD 253 AD 260 11
ROMAN Valerian II Radiate (antoninianus) Gallic mint AD 253 AD 260 1
ROMAN Valerian II Radiate (antoninianus) Rome AD 253 AD 260 1
ROMAN Saloninus Radiate (antoninianus) Gallic mint AD 253 AD 260 1
ROMAN Valerian I Radiate (antoninianus) Rome AD 253 AD 260 5
ROMAN Gallienus (Joint reign) Radiate (antoninianus) Rome AD 253 AD 260 5
ROMAN Salonina (joint reign) Radiate (antoninianus) Rome AD 253 AD 260 1
ROMAN Gallienus (Joint reign) Radiate (antoninianus) Mediolanum AD 253 AD 260 1
ROMAN Postumus Radiate (antoninianus) Mint I, Gaul (Uncertain, France or Germany) AD 260 AD 261 3

Coin data quality rating: Good (Grade 3)

Description

Robertson 2000, 111-2: " "On Thursday, 18 January 1968, a hoard of about 1100 Roman silver denarii and antoniniani, concealed in a pottery jar, was discovered on a building site at Mattishall, near East Dereham, Norfolk. The coins, having been cleaned and identified at the Castle Museum, Norwich, were declared Treasure Trove at a coroner's inquest held on 12 February 1968..
The hoard was discovered by Mr. W. Tyrrell and Mr. C. Lovick while they were preparing the side of a driveway leading to garages for bungalows on the Walnut Tree development site near the centre of Mattishall village. Mr. Lovick directed a blow of his shovel at what he thought was a flint; this broke and disgorged about two hundred coins, which were coloured green by the products of corrosion. Together the two men lifted the lower part of the pot, which contained the remainder of the coins fused together in a solid mass. Realizing that the discovery might be of importance, but unaware of the true composition of the coins, they brought the pot and its contents to the Castle Museum.
On the following day, the writers of this report were able to visit the site and investigate the immediate area of the find. It was clear that the pot had been buried in a shallow pit which cut slightly into the natural boulder clay. Fragments of other Roman vessels and a small quantity of burnt daub were found in the pit fill, which was somewhat darker and different in feel to the surrounding earth; no objects of later date were found other than a fragment of coarse brick. Both the size of the pit and the nature of the fill, despite the presence of other sherds, indicated that this fill was not an accumulation of domestic refuse. The evidence pointed to the pit being dug specifically as a place of concealment for the hoard. It is possible that the other sherds were placed in the pit around and above the vessel to protect and cover it; they may, on the other hand, represent a meagre scatter of surface debris which was shovelled into the pit when it was filled immediately after the deposition of the hoard..
Only the lower part of the jar which contained the hoard survives, the neck and rim being missing (Fig. 1). This is 4.5 inches high; when complete the jar was probably 6.5 inches high. The grey fabric is hard and slightly sandy; it is well-fired. The body of the vessel was originally burnished black. The jar is decorated with two shallow, horizontal grooves above the maximum diameter. The form and fabric are similar to other third century AD vessels from Norfolk, but the absence of the neck and rim makes accurate dating and comparisons impossible."
-Barbara Green and T.H. McK. Clough, in Norfolk Arch., XXXIV (1969), 272-8
Norfolk Arch., XXXIV includes list of emperors and mints, pls. I, II of 24 den. and 15 ant., fig. of pot, map showing findspot, and discussion of archaeological significance.
The hoard comprised 1095 coins, den. and ant., and fragments of 14-15 more.
R.A.G. Carson, in NC, 1969, 129-42, types, mints. fig. and photo. of pot, catalogued 1084 coins from this hoard, 763 den. and 321 ant.:
Den. Ant.
Antoninus Pius 2
Faustina I (deified) 1
Commodus 1
Albinus 1
Severus 70
Julia Domna 24
Caracalla 38
Plautilla 1
Geta 20
Macrinus 6
Elagabalus 170 1
Julia Maesa 49
Julia Soaemias 15
Aquilia Severa 2
Julia Paula 12
Severus Alexander 260
Julia Mamaea 53
Orbiana 1
Maximinus 29
Gordian II 1
Balbinus 1 2
Pupienus 1
Gordian III 5 148
Philip I 76
Otacilia 13
Philip II 8
Trajan Decius 11
Etruscilla 7
Marcus (deified), "restored" 1
Herennius 4
Treb. Gallus 11
Volusian 5
Aemilian 1
Valerian I 8
Gallienus (joint reign) 17
Salonina (joint reign) 2
Valerian II 2
Saloninus 1
Postumus 3
763 321
(3 under Caracalla)
(10 sole reign)
(1 hybrid, 1 forgery)
(1 deified)
15 coins in Dept. of Coins and Medals, BM (BM Register of Coin Accessions, June 1968)
c. 1080 coins and frags. in Norwich Castle Museum
[A mistaken reference to NC, 1955, 230f., by G.C. Boon, in Coins and the Archaeologist (1988), 151 n. 35, does not relate to the Mattishall hoard.] "

Notes

Carson's catalogue does not clearly distinguish between radiates and denarii, but this is done in the summary by Robertson, followed here. Tpq from Cunetio dating of Postumus.

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: Norwich Castle Museum (part); British Museum (part)

Materials of coins and artefacts in the hoard

  • Base Silver
  • Ceramic
  • Silver

Containers linked to this hoard

Record ID: IARCH-18A03E
Object type: VESSEL
Broad period: ROMAN

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Thursday 18th January 1968

Personal details

Recorded by: Dr Eleanor Ghey

Other reference numbers

Legacy hoard number: 1469
SMR reference number: Pastscape 130812; HER 3074

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Norfolk (County)
District: Breckland (District)
To be known as: Mattishall

Spatial coordinates


Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 0.1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Building work
General landuse: Character undetermined
Specific landuse: Built over

Archaeological information

Background

The site has been excavated.

Site details

Site class: Uncertain
Site type: Archaeological feature

Context details

Feature: Pit
Recovery method: Salvage recording

References cited

Audit data

Recording Institution: IARCH
Created: 6 years ago
Updated: 6 years ago

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