HOARD

Unique ID: IARCH-9D6425

Workflow status: Published Find published

Known as

Springhead

Quantity summary

  • Coins in hoard: 653
  • Artefacts in hoard: 1
  • Containers for the hoard: 1

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN

Coin chronology

Last ruler: Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer)
Last Reece period: Period 15 The Tetrarchy (296-317)
Date from: AD 310
Date to: AD 313
Terminal reason: Date of latest coin


Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY licence (unless stated otherwise).

Coin summary

Download as CSV
Period Ruler Denomination Mint From To Quantity
ROMAN Probus Radiate (antoninianus) Lugdunum AD 282 AD 282 1
ROMAN Diocletian Radiate (antoninianus) Lugdunum AD 290 AD 291 1
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) Londinium AD 295 AD 305 7
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) Trier AD 295 AD 305 6
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) Lugdunum AD 295 AD 305 9
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) Rome AD 295 AD 305 5
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) Ticinum AD 295 AD 305 1
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) Carthage AD 295 AD 305 6
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) Londinium AD 305 AD 307 38
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) Trier AD 305 AD 307 6
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) Lugdunum AD 305 AD 307 1
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) Londinium AD 307 AD 310 281
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) Trier AD 307 AD 310 53
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) Lugdunum AD 307 AD 310 36
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) Serdica AD 307 AD 310 1
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) Trier AD 310 AD 313 193
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) Siscia AD 310 AD 311 1
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) Ticinum AD 307 AD 310 4
ROMAN Tetrarchic Ruler (uncertain issuer) Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4) - - - 3

Coin data quality rating: Excellent (Grade 4)

Description

Robertson 2000, 244-245 no. 1009:

""The hoard was discovered during excavation work at the Romano-British site of the Vagniacis on the 23rd of April 1984 by the Director of Excavations, S. Harker. It was buried within the Temple temenos in the back fill of an otherwise featureless pit, in an area of open ground between a drainage ditch and path parallel to R. 4. There was no indication of a rigid container, and the shape of the coin mass suggested a cloth or leather bag.
The hoard had been wedged along the side of a very large flint, which undoubtedly would have aided recovery, for in probing otherwise soft ground the flint and coins would easily be located. It is also possible that the hoard was buried in relation to adjacent buildings, as Temples II and V (B4 and B7) are close and building rubble appears under the nearby railway embankment..
The settlement and temple complex at Springhead lies alongside the course of Watling Street, and would have provided many reference points for the hiding and retrieval of wealth such as the present hoard. Its position on the main route to and from Dover would also have seen a great variety of travellers, including troop movements, but one can only guess at the identity of the hoard's owner and the reason for its concealment. It is reasonable to assume that there would have been reason enough by the nature of unrest created by military activity at the time.
The earliest coins are the two antoniniani, which probably continued as fractions of the later issues, and the latest, the issue from Trier. One other from the mint at Siscia is dated to 310/311 and closely corresponds with the likely date for deposition of 310 or early 311. This date is supported by the absence of any of the many later issues minted between 310 and 312."
-P. W. Green, in CHRB VII, BM Occas. Paper 59 (1987), 1-26, types, mints, wts., diams., die axes, ills. of 15 coins
The hoard consisted of 2 antoniniani, 647 Tetrarchic and Constantinian folles, 5 fractions, making a total of 654. There was 1 obv. brockage of Maximian; and 1 follis disintegrated during conservation. There was also 1 irregular follis of Maximian.
Ant. AE (folles, fractions)
0 1 2
Lyons London Trier Lyons Ticinum Rome Carthage
Siscia 0Serdica 1Uncertain 2TOTAL
Probus 1 0 1 21
Diocletian 1 5 2 1 2 1 0 1 212
Maximian 29 7 8 1 2 0 1 247
Constantius I, 0 1 2
Caes. 1 1 4 1 3* 0 1 210
Aug. 1 0 1 21
(deified) 11 3 1 0 1 215
Galerius, 0 1 2
Caes. 2 3 1 1 0 1 27
Aug. 3 3 1 1 0 1 28
Severus II, 0 1 2
Caes. 1 0 1 21
Aug. 1 0 1 21
Maximinus Daza 0 1 2
Caes. 3 01 1 24
Aug. 5 1 0 1 26
Maxentius, Aug. 2 0 1 22
Constantine I, 0 1 2
Caes. 4 18 4 0 11 227
Aug. 270 203 26 1 0 12 2502
Licinius I 9 0 1 29
uncertain 0 11 21
RULE 0RULE 1RULE
2RULE
2 326 258 46 5 5 6 1 01 14 2654
(1 b.)
(1 br.)
(1 fr.)
(2 fr.)
(2 fr.)
(ant.)
(5 fr.)
*The RIC references given for 2 of these 3 folles appear to be of Galerius, Caes., rather than Constantius I, Caes.
Photographic record of hoard in Dept. of Coins and Medals, BM"

Notes

Images in BM file but no further details. Latest coins of Trier to AD 310-313 or of Trier and Siscia to AD 310-311.

Materials of coins and artefacts in the hoard

  • Copper alloy
  • Flint
  • Other

Containers linked to this hoard

Record ID: IARCH-4C825F
Object type: BAG
Broad period: ROMAN

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 23rd April 1984 - Monday 23rd April 1984

Personal details

Recorded by: Dr Eleanor Ghey

Other reference numbers

Legacy hoard number: 1105
SMR reference number: Pastscape 1254341; HER TQ 67 SW 116

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Kent (County)
District: Dartford (District)
To be known as: Springhead

Spatial coordinates


Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Controlled archaeological investigation
General landuse: Other
Specific landuse: Unknown

Archaeological information

Background

This hoard comes from a known archaeological site.
The site has been excavated.

Site details

Site class: Urban
Site type: Temple

Context details

Feature: Pit
Recovery method: Excavation

References cited

Audit data

Recording Institution: IARCH
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago

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