BH-ED9F44: Roman figurine of ?Senuna-Minerva-Fortuna

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:

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Unique ID: BH-ED9F44

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A Roman copper-alloy figurine of Minerva-Fortuna. The object is a solid, cast, three dimensional piece and is largely complete. It depicts a standing female deity. The head bears a Greek-style helmet, which has a nose piece, cut outs for the eyes, and a double key hole-shaped depression for the now-missing decorative plume. This helmet is pushed back above the eyes, revealing a corona of hair beneath. At the back of her head, her hair is pleated into three tresses emerging from beneath her helmet and running down the nape of her neck to end between her shoulder blades. The facial features are almost worn flat but eyes, nose, and a mouth are perceptible. The neck is bare. On the torso is a cuirass of scale armour with traces of a Medusa aegis on the breastplate. Beneath the cuirass she wears a long, pleated dress, gathered into folds, and covering her to her ankles. There are no sign of feet, although a small circular hole underneath may indicate that the figurine was once attached to a plinth. The right arm is bent upwards at the elbow and a circular hole in her hand indicates that she once held a spear in a throwing position. In the bent crook of her left arm is a cornucopia. The style of this figurine is Greco-Roman. It is clearly Athena-Tyche, or to the Romans, Minerva-Fortuna. Given its findspot and the attributes of the newly-discovered goddess, Senuna(ref), it may be intended to represent Senuna-Minerva-Fortuna. No exact parallels are known for this object. It probably dates from the 1st or 2nd century AD. The condition of the piece is reasonable. The surface is orangey-brown in colour due to a layer of iron corrosion. This may have come form an associated iron object, or may be the result of iron panning in the surrounding soil. Pitting to this suface is due to the incomplete formation of this iron corrosion layer.

Class: Minerva-Fortuna

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: with finder
Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 43
Date to: Circa AD 200

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 63 mm
Width: 28 mm
Thickness: 10 mm
Weight: 41.33 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 10th October 2004

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Julian Watters
Identified by: Ralph Jackson
Secondary identifier: Mr Gil Burleigh

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Ver 04/215

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Hertfordshire (County)
District: North Hertfordshire (District)
To be known as: Baldock

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Current location: with finder
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
DCMS Treasure Annual Report 2002 38

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BH
Created: 14 years ago
Updated: 3 years ago

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