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SWYOR-F5F95B: Medieval coin brooch

Rights Holder: National Museums Liverpool
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BROOCH

Unique ID: SWYOR-F5F95B

Object type certainty: Probably
Workflow status: Published Find published

A silver and gilt brooch made from a medieval coin of Louis IX of France (AD 1226 - 1270). The coin is a Gros Tournois minted between 1266-1270, which has been gilded on the obverse face. On the reverse, there is a fixing loop and the remains of a pin. The loop and pin obscure four of the fleurs-de-lis, and the RO of TRONVS and CIV of CIVIS.

Obverse: Cross pattee in the centre surrounded by the legend in two rows. Outer row reads: '+ BNDICTV: SIT: NOmE: DHI: nRI: DEI: IhV. XPI'. Inner row reads: '+ LVDOVICVS. REX'.

Reverse: At centre the Chatel Tournois surrounded by the legend '+TV[RO]NVS . [CIV]IS', which is surrounded by twelve fleurs-de-lis.

The brooch measures 25mm in diameter and has a thickness of 0.9mm. Including the loop, the thickness is 4.9mm. It weighs 4.8g.

Coin brooches such as this one were not uncommon in 13th and 14th century England. The adaptation of coins into a piece of jewellry is generally considered to occur shortly after the minting date (Cook and Robinson 2003: 58). Numerous comparative examples of this same coin being converted into a brooch have been recorded on the PAS database. These include NMS-FEC503; NMS-F323B7 and PAS-66A6A4.

Notes:

Single coins are not usually considered as potential treasure; however, a coin converted to be worn as an item of jewellery is eligible for consideration. Therefore, in terms of age and as the object contains a minimum of 10% precious metal it qualifies as Treasure under the stipulations of the Treasure Act 1996.

Evidence of reuse: Altered into a brooch

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: East Riding Museum Service
Subsequent action after recording: Acquired by museum after being declared Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2019T812

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1266
Date to: Circa AD 1270
Period of reuse: MEDIEVAL

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 4.9 mm
Weight: 4.8 g
Diameter: 25 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 8th September 2019 - Sunday 8th September 2019

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2019T812

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Completeness: Complete
Surface Treatment: Gilded

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)
District: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Ellerker (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SE9329
Four figure Latitude: 53.74908357
Four figure longitude: -0.5911716
1:25K map: SE9329
1:10K map: SE92NW
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Current location: East Riding Museum Service
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SWYOR
Created: 2 years ago
Updated: About one month ago

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