SOM-790E92: Roman brooch fragment

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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BROOCH

Unique ID: SOM-790E92

Object type certainty: Probably
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A probable fragment from a hinged roman brooch possibly a Colchester Derivative T-shaped brooch, possibly dating to c. AD 75-150. Only the left wing and a small portion of the bow survives.

The left wing is circular in cross section (6.1mm in diameter) and projects c.19.7mm from the edge of the bow. It is formed from a plate whose top edge has been folded over the top of the head and bottom edge has been folded slightly upwards, neither meeting the other to leave a gap in the tub in the back of the wings. The end terminal of the wing has been flatted on its top edge so that it is semi-circular in profile. The object is broken laterally at the a point just after the bow projects from the wings. This point would originally have had a slot in the back of the wings to accommodate a hinged pin, that itself would have been placed around an axis bar threaded through the hollow tube of each wing.

What survives of the bow projects from the bottom of the wings with a width of 4.9mm, which likely represents less than half of its width. It projects for4.0mm before terminating in another sharp transverse break. There are traces of moulded decoration as a diagonal ridge running at the point from where the bow projects from the wing that was likely mirrored on the opposite side of the bow. The bow is too fragmentary to estimate its maximum width or shape in cross section.

The brooch now measures 10.4mm long. 22.1 mm wide and 6.1mm thick. It weighs 2.32 grams.

Only a small portion of the wings of the brooch survive making it hard to positively identify. The brooch was certainly hinged, the folded wings preventing a sprung pin, and its decoration is similar to that illustrated on SOM-DF1845 and SOM-8FD238 which is suggested to date to the first century AD.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 60
Date to: Circa AD 125

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 10.4 mm
Width: 22.1 mm
Thickness: 6.1 mm
Weight: 2.32 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 1st January 1960 - Thursday 1st January 2015

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Edward Caswell
Identified by: Mr Edward Caswell
Secondary identifier: Ms Sally Worrell

Other reference numbers

Other reference: SCC Receipt 018210

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Fragment

Spatial data

No spatial data available.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SOM
Created: 13 days ago
Updated: 13 days ago

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