YORYM-81FB8D: Early Medieval coin: silver denier of Carolingian Francia

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COIN

Unique ID: YORYM-81FB8D

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An Early Medieval (c. AD 822-840) silver denier of Carolingian Francia, issued by Louis the Pious. [XPISTIANO REL]IGIO reverse type. Only a small fragment of the coin remains, roughly a quarter which appears to have been intentionally cut. On the remaining reverse the corner of a church design can be seen. Mint uncertain.

A more complete example can be found at LIN-F6C6E1.

Discussion

Coins of this type are unusual finds in the British Isles. Only three other deniers of Louis the Pious are recorded on the PAS database. On the Corpus of Early Medieval coin finds (https://emc.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/) there are only 19 recorded from Britain and Ireland. Gold solidi are slightly more common finds, with a number of plated copies known. The distribution of these coins is predominantly in Eastern parts of England with further numbers along the south coast as well as in Northern Scotland, Wales and the Isle of Man.

The presence of Carolingian coins in Britain can be connected with the presence of the Viking micel here ('Great Army'). They are found in a number of hoards which can be associated with the over-wintering camps of the army. The hoards from Gravesend and Croydon (dep. 871 and 872) are usually associated with the presence of the Army in London in the winter of 871-2. Similarly, the presence of imitative Louis the Pious solidi and a trial piece for forging them at the Viking winter-camp at Torksey, Lincs. strengthens the connection. A more general Viking connection is suggested by the coins of Louis the Pious which have been found in Elgin, Talnotrie and Llanbedrgoch.

The fact that this piece has been cut into a small fragment suggests that it has entered the Anglo-Scandinavian bullion economy, valued for its weight rather than face value.

While its date of loss cannot be accurately assessed, the hoard data would suggest that a date in the 860s or 870s is most likely. However given the fact that this is a single find without contextual information this suggestion must remain a very cautious one.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: National importance

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Middle
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Middle
Period to: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 822
Date to: Exactly AD 840

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 8.5 mm
Width: 8.3 mm
Thickness: 0.4 mm
Weight: 0.1 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Rebecca Vickers
Identified by: Miss Rebecca Vickers
Secondary identifier: Mr Andy Woods

Other reference numbers

Other reference: YMT : E06096

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Completeness: Fragment

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Denier
Ruler/issuer: Louis the Pious
Mint or issue place: Unknown

Type: Silver denier of Louis the Pious
Obverse description: Corner of a church design.
Obverse inscription: [+H]IVD[OVVICVS IMP
Reverse inscription: [XPISTIANA REL]IGIO

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata


County or Unitary authority: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)
District: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Skirpenbeck (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SE7357
Four figure Latitude: 54.00387583
Four figure longitude: -0.8877364
1:25K map: SE7357
1:10K map: SE75NW
Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: YORYM
Created: About one month ago
Updated: About one month ago

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