BERK-F58EF4: Late Early Medieval copper alloy sword pommel

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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SWORD

Unique ID: BERK-F58EF4

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A complete Late Early Medieval copper alloy sword pommel, dating from c. AD 900 - 1100.

The pommel is broadly triangular in shape and has a hollow interior. The base curves upwards towards the outer edges. The pommel is divided into five lobes, increasing in size from the edges to the centre, each separated from its neighbour by a groove. The central lobe has an oval shaped aperture, through which the tang of the sword would have passed. There is still remains of iron residue inside the aperture. The pommel has a light green patina, and has several areas of pitting.

The pommel is 24.7mm in length, 50.4 mm in width, 18.9mm maximum thickness, and weighs 63.05g.

Similar examples have been recorded on the database including, IOW-B4598E, LVPL-C0264A, BERK-4E7837, BERK-A7A6C1, NCL-6ACEB3, SF-D241B4, KENT-FF5D6C, WMID-054E94, and SOM-62AFCC.

From SOM-62AFCC:

This form is considered to be of English origin (Davidson 1962, 55-6), but is called "Viking" and "of late Viking style" by Oakeshott (1991, 78 and 81). Late early-medieval pommels (Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Scandinavian) were last thoroughly studied by Petersen in 1919. This example is of Petersen's Type S, a fusion of Anglo-Scandinavian and Anglo-Saxon fashions, and dates to the 10th or 11th century.

Class: Pommel
Sub class: Petersen Type S

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Period to: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 900
Date to: Circa AD 1100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 24.7 mm
Width: 50.4 mm
Thickness: 18.9 mm
Weight: 63.05 g

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Other reference: 0117

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: West Berkshire (Unitary Authority)
District: West Berkshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Stanford Dingley (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SU5672
Four figure Latitude: 51.44423049
Four figure longitude: -1.19562257
1:25K map: SU5672
1:10K map: SU57SE
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BERK
Created: 2 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

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