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KENT-37DCDB: Crescentric/lunate skeuomorphic plate brooch

Rights Holder: Kent County Council
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BROOCH

Unique ID: KENT-37DCDB

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete copper-alloy enamelled Roman skeuomorphic plate brooch, dating to 2nd century AD.

Description: The brooch is crescentric or lunate in plan (crescent moon).The front is decorated by three rows of champlevé enamel cells, running from point to point. The outer rows are made of triangular cells and the central row being rectangular. Although enamel remains it is to worn to be certain of colour. On the reverse the pin lug remains although is worn and the catch plate is worn down to a stub, somewhat exacerbated by the missing point of the crescent. The brooch has a good light green patina

Measurements: 30.91mm diameter, 19.4mm wide, 9.26mm thick (including pin lug, 2.65mm without) and 7.45g in weight,

Discussion: This brooch belongs to a small group of Roman skeuomorphic plate brooches of lunate form which were produced sporadically from the mid 1st century AD (see Bayley and Butcher 2004: 155), the presence of enamelled cells and possible chain-loop on a near identical brooch (BH-3A4F44) indicate a probable 2nd to mid 3rd century date (cf. Hattatt 2000: Fig. 214, no. 1134; Fig. 215, nos. 605 and 1420). Only small number have been recorded on the PAS e.g. SUR-A13A09, WILT-13CAAD, LEIC-4FF1B7 and BH-3A4F44.

Class: Skeuomorphic
Sub class: Lunate/Crescentric

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 100
Date to: Circa AD 250

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 30.91 mm
Width: 19.4 mm
Thickness: 9.26 mm
Weight: 7.45 g

Personal details

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Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Decoration style: Geometric
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Inlaid with enamel

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Kent (County)
District: Canterbury (District)
Parish or ward: Adisham (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TR2252
Four figure Latitude: 51.22400181
Four figure longitude: 1.17797015
1:25K map: TR2252
1:10K map: TR25SW
Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Bayley, J. and Butcher, S. 2004 Roman Brooches in Britain: A Technological and Typological Study Based on the Richborough Collection London The Society of Antiquaries
Hattatt, R. 2000 A Visual Catalogue of Richard Hattatt's Ancient Brooches Oxford Oxbow Books

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: KENT
Created: 3 years ago
Updated: 3 years ago

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