WMID-1E626D: Medieval to Post medieval: Complete crotal bell

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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BELL

Unique ID: WMID-1E626D

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A complete copper alloy crotal or rumbler bell of Late Medieval to Early Post Medieval dating (AD 1400 to AD 1600).

The bell is sub circular in plan and profile, with an integral sub rectangular suspension loop attached to the top. The edges of the rectangular suspension loop have been bevelled. The base of the bell is semi circular, with a rectangular slot across the base, with circular ends. The 'pea' is still present inside the bell.

The bell was cast in one piece, using two opposing moulds. This casting method is indicated by the presence of two complete 'sound holes', which are primarily to assist the positioning of the sand core. This sand core to allow the bell to be cast in one piece as opposed to cast in two separate halves and soldered togther. These two part moulds are split at the central girth rib, and no vertical mould lines are present. The central girth rib performs a useful purpose of accommodating any minor misalignments between the two halves, along with strengthening the bell and preserving the original appearance.

It measures 35.2 mm in length, with a diameter of 26.8 mm. It weighs 20.4 grams.

The bell is a dark green colour, with an even surface patina. Abrasion, caused by movement whilst within the plough soil, has resulted in a loss of some of the original surface detail.

Class: crotal

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1400
Date to: Circa AD 1600

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 35.2 mm
Weight: 20.4 g
Diameter: 26.8 mm

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Teresa Gilmore
Identified by: Miss Teresa Gilmore

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Staffordshire (County)
District: Stafford (District)
Parish or ward: Gnosall (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SJ8024
Four figure Latitude: 52.813168
Four figure longitude: -2.29817032
1:25K map: SJ8024
1:10K map: SJ82SW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: Found whilst out searching with a metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WMID
Created: 3 months ago
Updated: 3 months ago

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