DEV-4D3B09: Roman brooch

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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BROOCH

Unique ID: DEV-4D3B09

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete cast copper alloy brooch dating to the Roman period (AD 55-90).

An example of a hinged initial T shape brooch, comprising the wings, bow and the base of the pin adhered to the hinge. The wings are cylindrical in shape, and retain a circular cross section all the way to their terminals. The cylindrical hinge lies at the central point of the wings, in a rectangular slot. The bow is flattened in cross section, and in plan tapers from its widest point where it meets the wings to the narrowest point at its terminal. It rises gently from the bow, before sloping downwards to the catchplate. The terminal end is angular and undecorated, with no foot or knob to be found. Rather, the terminal forms a pointed end to the trapezoidal catchplate which is largely intact and preserves its folded catch. The underside of the bow is hollowed out slightly, creating a doming effect at its widest point directly adjacent to the wings and retaining two ridged edges along its full length.

Both the wings and bow are decorated with moulded relief decoration, composed of a series of seven ridges which extend vertically down the length of the bow. The wings are decorated with similar vertical lines which follow the line of the cylindrical wings. There are five lines on the left wing and four on the right.

Bayley and Butcher (2004: 127) no. 133 is a very similar parallel indeed. Their no. 133 was excavated from Camerton, Somerset, and is closely dated to 55-90 AD. It would be entirely appropriate to assume a similar date for this example, another of the south western variants on an initial T-shaped brooch.

It is 57.9 mm in length and 40.5mm wide. The bow is 9.9mm thick. It weighs 15.2g.

Class: T shaped
Sub class: Hinged initial (south western)

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 55
Date to: Circa AD 90

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 57.9 mm
Width: 40.5 mm
Thickness: 9.9 mm
Weight: 15.2 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Wednesday 14th November 2018 - Wednesday 9th January 2019

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Lucy Shipley
Identified by: Dr Lucy Shipley

Other reference numbers

Other reference: SCC Receipt 017601

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Inlaid with enamel

Spatial metadata


County or Unitary authority: Somerset (County)
District: South Somerset (District)
Parish or ward: Fivehead (Civil Parish)

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: DEV
Created: About one month ago
Updated: About one month ago

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