KENT-25223B: Anglo-Saxon Button Brooch, AD 480 - 550

Rights Holder: Kent County Council
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BROOCH

Unique ID: KENT-25223B

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A near complete cast early Early-Medieval (Anglo-Saxon, c. 480-550) gilt copper-alloy button brooch.

Description: The brooch comprises a circular base with angled walls (turning outwards) surrounding it creating a 'saucer' shape. The face of the brooch is formed of a nose, ending in a thin triangular moustache below which sits a wide open mouth. The nose branches out into two eyebrows curving away towards the outer edge. The reverse is un-gilded with the pin bar lug and catch plate being located at 9 O'clock and 3 o'clock. The pin bar lug features heavy iron corrosion. The brooch remains in good condition although, as it is missing its' pin and also has some abrasion and nicks around the rim.

Measurements: 15.97mm in diameter, 9.41mm thick (including catchplate and lug, 2.95mm thick without) and 4.45g in weight.

Discussion: Button brooches are distinguished by their small size and by the anthropomorphic face-masks which they feature. They may have been utilised in a number of ways including dress fasteners and as decorative brooches. From graves it appears that they were used singly rather than in pairs like the related but larger saucer brooches. Button brooches are found throughout much of southern England and the Thames Valley with a date range of the later fifth century and the sixth century.

Class: Button

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Period to: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 480
Date to: Circa AD 550

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 9.41 mm
Weight: 4.45 g
Diameter: 15.97 mm

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Andy Ward
Identified by: Mr Andy Ward

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Decoration style: Figurative
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Gilded

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Kent (County)
District: Maidstone (District)
Parish or ward: Lenham (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TQ9052
Four figure Latitude: 51.23554288
Four figure longitude: 0.72028556
1:25K map: TQ9052
1:10K map: TQ95SW
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: KENT
Created: About one month ago
Updated: About one month ago

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