OXON-BAAEB9: Early-medieval brooch: Unidentified brooch

Rights Holder: Oxfordshire County Council
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BROOCH

Unique ID: OXON-BAAEB9

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete lead alloy early medieval (Anglo-Saxon) brooch of uncertain form. The remaining fragment has a (now) sub-rectangular plate with a one raised lower end which may have arched into a bow, as the bend seems purposeful rather than the result of damage. The front of the brooch is decorated with a central raised, cone-shaped pellet and is surrounded by multiple small pellets arranged in three or four rows around the main pellet. On the reverse of the brooch are two raised triangular lugs, probably the lugs for a hinged pin.
Parallels have been difficult to come by - The decoration can be compared to that seen on late Saxon brooches, for example NMS-EA39D6, SF-AE4D73 and SF-CCF226. A disc brooch from Beachamwell in Norfolk (Weetch 2014 figure 13.3c) has the same beaded decoration. All of these examples date to the Late Anglo-Saxon period (c. AD 850-1000). The raised edge is more suggestive of an earlier brooch, like a cruciform for example (c. 5th century AD) but the decoration isn't consistent with lead examples of this type. Therefore, based soley on the decoration, it is suggested that this brooch fragment is of the later date.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Date from: Exactly AD 850
Date to: Circa AD 1000

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 23.3 mm
Width: 19.4 mm
Weight: 8 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Anni Byard
Identified by: Miss Anni Byard

Other reference numbers

Other reference: OXPAS2019.245

Materials and construction

Primary material: Lead Alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Decoration style: Geometric
Completeness: Fragment

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Oxfordshire (County)
District: South Oxfordshire (District)
Parish or ward: Lewknor (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SU7198
Four figure Latitude: 51.67629015
Four figure longitude: -0.97458263
1:25K map: SU7198
1:10K map: SU79NW
Grid reference source: Centred on field
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: OXON
Created: About one month ago
Updated: About one month ago

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