DOR-4282A9:

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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BROOCH

Unique ID: DOR-4282A9

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A fragment of copper alloy brooch. Part of the bow and the foot only remain. There is a break at the top. The remaining lower part of the bow is a flaring trapezoidal shape and recessed for enamel. At the foot where the plate is widest, projects a triangular foot knop, D-shaped in cross section. The apex of the knop connects to the lower edge of the plate. The front of the knop is decorated with a moulded transverse ridge flanked by grooves with another ridge around the edge of the base. The rear of the knop is flat and undecorated. The rear of the plate has a longitudinal, slightly off-centre moulded ridge, probably the remnant of a catchplate.
Date: Roman - AD 120-250
Dimensions: 34.12 mm x 16.82 mm x 6.79 mm
Weight: 7.27 g

A similar brooch has been recorded on the PAS database in record SOM-79E7DA where Edward Caswell notes an example recorded on http://artefacts.mom.fr as FIB-41091 with a date of AD 120-250 and comments that these appear to be part of a group of unusual and variable enamel brooches, found in Britain and the Continent. Mackreth (2011: and plate 67) illustrates a very similar seeming example with a similar lower trapezoid bow with foot knop and curved upper bow above which the bow expands out again into a very large cell which is broken before the head. It is possible the small section at the top of this brooch was a similar cell as it appears more similar to that than the tubular hinged head on more complete examples. Mackreth (ibid) groups these as X.4 and states all current known examples come from the South West but does not speculate on dating.
and that Hattatt (2000:324) illustrates a similar example, no.997, with a faceted and curved upper bow and rectangular lower section which contains multiple different colours of enamel in bands and sections within the cell. His (ibid) no.463 has a trapezoid plate like this example but a more elaborate upper bow and no foot knop. He suggests a 1st - 2nd century date.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 50
Date to: Circa AD 250

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 34.12 mm
Width: 16.82 mm
Thickness: 6.79 mm
Weight: 7.27 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Sarah Kelman
Identified by: Ms Ciorstaidh Hayward Trevarthen
Secondary identifier: Mr Edward Caswell

Other reference numbers

Other reference: SCMS 017830

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Dorset (County)
District: Weymouth and Portland (District)
Parish or ward: Upwey and Broadwey (District Ward)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SY6585
Four figure Latitude: 50.6636119
Four figure longitude: -2.49656847
1:25K map: SY6585
1:10K map: SY65NE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: DOR
Created: 3 months ago
Updated: About one month ago

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