OXON-41D6FF: Roman brooch: Radiate headed knee brooch

Rights Holder: Oxfordshire County Council
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Unique ID: OXON-41D6FF

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A complete and unusual copper alloy Roman radiate headed knee or trumpet brooch variant, probably dating from c. AD 100-200. The brooch has the characteristic 'knee' bend at the top of the bow, being of rounded form but with a hollow underside. The bow tapers towards the foot which is angled outwards with a thin projecting knop at the very base. The head of the brooch is a radiate fan with nine square projections set around the curve of the fan. Internally the head plate has a recessed crescent-shaped void above the crescentic head of the bow; this panel probably contained enamel but none of this survives. On the reverse of the head is an integrally cast U-shaped casing which supports the axis pin and intact and complete spring. At the foot of the brooch is a wide catch plate. The pin of the brooch rests within the catch.

The combination of knee / trumpet style and recess for enamel suggests a British origin. There are examples of fan-headed knee brooches from England although nearly all have a plain fan-shaped head. A similar example, but with a different spring arrangement and a plain edge to the head plate, can be seen in Hattatt, R, 1982, Ancient and Romano-British Brooches, Page 116, No. 94. The only direct comparison I could find is recorded on this database (DOR-CF1CF6).

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Class: Knee
Sub class: Radiate

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Exactly AD 100
Date to: Circa AD 200

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 38.6 mm
Width: 17.2 mm
Weight: 7.6 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Anni Byard
Identified by: Miss Anni Byard

Other reference numbers

Other reference: OXPAS2019.169

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Oxfordshire (County)
District: Cherwell (District)
Parish or ward: Chesterton (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SP5519
Four figure Latitude: 51.86687525
Four figure longitude: -1.20263124
1:25K map: SP5519
1:10K map: SP51NE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: OXON
Created: 4 months ago
Updated: 4 months ago

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