LANCUM-2B1A5D: Chalcolithic/Copper Age flat axe

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FLAT AXEHEAD

Unique ID: LANCUM-2B1A5D

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Copper or copper-alloy axehead probably dating from the Chalcolithic/Copper Age or the very Early Bronze Age, that is c. 2400-2300BC. The axe survives in good condition with a rusty-coloured surface and rough patina. It has straight diverging sides, a straight butt and a gently curved cutting edge/blade. Its profile is flat lenticular and it is undecorated. According to Needham's Classification of Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age Copper and Bronze Axe-Heads, this is most likely a Class 2B or 2C axe, dating from the 24th or 23rd C BC. Needham's classification is mainly based on axeheads from Southern Britain, but he makes allowances for specimens from Northern Britain (Needham 2017, 14-15) and this axe with its flat profile, straight sides and wide butt seems to fit best in his class 2B/2C.

1 Schmidt, P.K. & Burgess, C. 1981; The Axes of Scotland and Northern Ireland, Praähistorische Bronzefunde Abteilung IX, 7. Band 7

2 Needham, S. 1996; Chronology and Periodisation in the British Bronze Age , Acta Archaeologica 67, p. 121-140

3 Davis, Mary, 2016; National Museum Wales - SEM EDS analysis of a sample of the EBA flat axe: PAS 2015-29-002 & 005

4 Needham, S. 2017; The Classification of Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age Copper and Bronze Axe-Heads from Southern Britain.Archaeopress: Access Archaeology.

Class: Needham 2017, Class 2B or C

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: BRONZE AGE
Date from: Circa 2400 BC
Date to: Circa 2200 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 117 mm
Width: 68 mm
Thickness: 6 mm
Weight: 368 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 12th February 2018

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Dot Boughton
Identified by: Dr Dot Boughton
Secondary identifier: Ms Sally Worrell

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Lancashire (County)
District: Lancaster (District)
To be known as: Carnforth

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LANCUM
Created: 2 months ago
Updated: About one month ago

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