YORYM-316F81: Bronze Age : Gouge

Rights Holder: York Museums Trust
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Unique ID: YORYM-316F81

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete copper alloy socketed gouge of late Bronze Age date, c.1100 - 650 BC. The remaining portion is a length of the hollow socket with a tapered U-shaped blade terminal to one end. The opposite end terminates in a worn break.

The socket is circular with an exterior diameter of 16.4mm, interior diameter of 11.5mm and is 21.3mm deep.

From the socket the blade tapers to a rounded cutting/gouging edge which is concave to one side of the body. The gouging edge is extremely worn.

This gouge is most likely of Wilberton, Ewart Park or Llyn Fawr metalworking, phases which correspond to Needham's (1996) Period's 6 - 8.

The metal has a mid-green patina and is worn. The gouge is 46.2mm long, 16.4mm in diameter at the socket, 14.6mm x 3mm at the cutting edge and the walls are 2.3mm thick. The object weighs 27.4g.

Comparable socketed gouges have been recorded on the PAS database. For examples see: YORYM-CD7FFB, SWYOR-FCB525, NMGW-62C84F, DUR-06F0E8, IOW-EC25A7 and SUR-7898C5. The latter record notes that: "Socketed gouges have been found associated with metalwork assemblages of Wilberton (eg. Guilsfield, Savory, 1980, No. 268. 64-65) through Ewart Park (eg Penwyllt, Savory 1980, No 284. 7-8) and Llyn Fawr (Savory 1980, No 291 9-11).

Savory (ibid., p 55) suggests that the earliest examples have multiple mouth mouldings, while later examples have a plain or broad, flat collar.

It is difficult to suggest a date for this example with a prominent single, slender moulding.

According to Pearce in the 1983 publication 'The Bronze Age Metalwork of South Western Britain Part I', page 43, socketed gouges 'appear to have begun in the Wilburton phase, and continued as part of the tool repertoire until the end of the Bronze Age', although she suggests that most socketed gouges can be dated to the Ewart phase between c. 1000 - c. 800 BC. Needham et al's (1997) recent study of Bronze Age chronology dated a collared socketed gouge from the Bodwrog Hoard, Anglesey to 2720 +- 45 BP (DoB No 3, OxA-4652, p68)."

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod from: Middle
Period from: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: BRONZE AGE
Date from: Circa 1100 BC
Date to: Circa 650 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 27.4 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mrs Rebecca Griffiths
Identified by: Mrs Rebecca Griffiths

Other reference numbers

Other reference: YMT : E05935

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: North Yorkshire (County)
District: Harrogate (District)
To be known as: Wath

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: YORYM
Created: About one month ago
Updated: About one month ago

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