WAW-191E3B: Roman brooch: Polden Hill type (plan, profile and reverse).

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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Unique ID: WAW-191E3B

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Roman brooch of Colchester derivative, Polden Hill (Mackreth 2011, Part 3, Group 4c, Plate 46-47, AD c. 50-200). The copper alloy brooch has semi-cylindrical wings with perforated wing caps. The wings are decorated with a vertical ridge at the terminal, with fine oblique ribbing. The axis bar and spring are copper alloy with the spring forming six coils, the pin is missing. At the centre of the upper edge of the wings/bow head there is a hook supporting a chord. The bowhead is hump-like in profile with a moulding on either side. The head is decorated with a V-shaped groove which tapers down the bow and has horizontal ribbing within it. This decoration stops above the mid point of the bow. The bow is semi-circular in section and tapers to a bulbous foot with two transverse collars. On the reverse there is a solid catchplate which reaches above the mid point. The exterior edge of the catch element of the catchplate is decorated with double-stranded obliquely angled grooves forming a side-on chevron with a horizontal double-stranded groove in the centre of the chevron.

The surface of the brooch has a mid brown patina.

It measures 56.44mm in length, 17.44mm in width, and weighs 14.07g.

The brooch is a Polden Hill type, Bayley and Butcher (2004:160) comment that the distribution of Polden Hill brooches are concentrated in the West Midlands. Mackreth classifies this type as Group 4c dating to AD c. 50 to 200. A very similar example is illustrated in Mackretrh, Plate 46, No. 1939.

Bayley, J. and Butcher, S., 2004 Roman Brooches in Britain: A technological and Typological Study Based on the Richborough Collection London: Society of Antiquaries

Mackreth, D. F. 2011 Brooches in Late Iron Age and Roman Britain Volume 1 Oxford: Oxbow Books

Class: Polden Hill
Sub class: Mackreth 2011, Part 3, Group 4c, Plate 46-47, AD c. 50-200

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 50
Date to: Circa AD 200

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 56.44 mm
Width: 17.44 mm
Weight: 14.07 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 21st September 2018 - Friday 21st September 2018

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Angie Bolton
Identified by: Ms Angie Bolton

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
District: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Colwall (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SO7340
Four figure Latitude: 52.05771754
Four figure longitude: -2.39520467
1:25K map: SO7340
1:10K map: SO74SW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WAW
Created: About one month ago
Updated: About one month ago

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