DEV-CDAC2E: Roman copper alloy brooch

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete copper alloy brooch dating to the Roman period, dating to c. AD 75-150.

This is an example of a "developed T-shaped" brooch, with the head, wings, bow, foot and catch-plate surviving, in addition to the hinge of the pin and approximately 3.9mm of the pin itself. This class of brooch is associated with the south-west of England.

The wings, housing the original access bar for the hinged pin mechanism, are tubular in shape, and the left wing is slightly damaged, leaving the terminal angled at around 45 degrees. The right wing retains its original truncated end. Each wing is decorated with a diagonal line sloping from the central groove containing the pin down to each terminal. The wings are 27.4mm wide and 4.6mm thick. The remnant of the hinged pin is attached to the axis bar. The pin is expanded into a sub-circular head.

The tapering bow is D shaped in cross section. It tapers from 9.8mm to 3.4mm over its length of 36.2mm. There is a small projection at the foot, extending 3.4mm from the foot of the brooch itself. The catch plate measures 7.2mm from the underside of the foot, and is roughly triangular in shape, with a small hooked catch plate with an in-curved upper edge. The lower part of the bow has been bent backwards.

The upper part of the bow has smooth edges with a longitudinal framing line on both sides. Between these is a raised lozenge. 13.1mm down the bow the smooth side edges of the bow are decorated with 4 toothed projections, before reverting to a smooth straight edge. The bow is decorated with a series of lozenges. The series begins with an elongated lozenge at the top of the bow, followed by two smaller lozenges, each of which has an additional triangle attached to it. These seem to have been created by the impression of three triangles on each side of the bow. These may have contained enamel although none survives. Above the foot are two moulded horizontal ridges of decoration. The foot itself has a rounded flat based knop.

Bayley and Butcher (2004:167-168) suggest that such brooches form a group with a distinctly South-Western distribution, and can be broadly dated to the late first and second centuries. cf. Bayley & Butcher (2004: fig. 140), T139.

Similar examples on the database include SOM-94A4BB and DOR-45A491.

Class: Developed T-shaped brooch

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 75
Date to: Circa AD 150

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 36.4 mm
Width: 27.3 mm
Thickness: 3.6 mm
Weight: 9.35 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Saturday 1st September 2018 - Thursday 18th October 2018

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Lucy Shipley
Identified by: Dr Lucy Shipley

Other reference numbers

Other reference: SCC Receipt 017894

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

County or Unitary authority: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Urchfont (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SU0456
Four figure Latitude: 51.3031082
Four figure longitude: -1.94400723
1:25K map: SU0456
1:10K map: SU05NW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: DEV
Created: 5 months ago
Updated: 4 months ago

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