NMGW-85013A: Medieval enamelled coper alloy harness pendant of 13th or 14th century date

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HARNESS PENDANT

Unique ID: NMGW-85013A

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Medieval enamelled coper alloy harness pendant of 13th or 14th century date

The cast pendant is complete but the suspension mount and any possible frame or backing have been lost (with a length of 43.7mm and a weight of 10.1g). At the apex of the pendant is a perforated lug (7.1mm deep, 1.8mm - 2.7mm thick, 8.1mm long and with an internal diameter of 3.4mm) from the hinge. The pendant is of hexagonal form and has six peripheral lug (with an overall width of 31.1mm and a depth of 3mm), with the top lug extending into the hinge lug and one of the side lugs now somewhat distorted. The fan-shaped lugs are of sub-triangular form enhanced with radiating grooves, perhaps indicating scallop shells and referencing pilgrimage. The central hexagonal part of the pendant (with a width of 19.0mm, a length of 24mm and a thickness of 2.0mm) has a central device depicting a crowned monarch seated on a throne holding a sceptre in his right hand and extending across his right shoulder. The field surrounding the device is infilled with red enamel. Near the base of the pendant, above the basal lug is a separate rivet with a domed head (3.4mm diameter and 6.3mm long), which has a square washer on the rear (5.8mm square). There is a small recess between the washer and the rear of the pendant, suggesting that it may have been secured to an organic backing. The surface of the copper alloy has a blue-green patina with traces of gilding surviving over the enthroned figure. The pendant has been professionally archaeologically conserved[1] prior to recording.

The pendant can be very closely paralleled with an example recorded with PAS[2], recovered from Sisland, Norfolk with a similar device, lugs and rivet attachment but with blue enamel in the surrounding field. Other similar pendants but less well preserved have also been recovered and recorded with PAS[3], perhaps implying that the finds may have originated from a common workshop.

[1] By Phil Parkes at Cardiff University

[2] NMS-1BCF3E

[3] Eg. BUC-704BF4, NMS-362865, WILT-567479

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1200
Date to: Circa AD 1400

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 43.7 mm
Width: 31.1 mm
Thickness: 2 mm
Weight: 10.1 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Saturday 17th November 2018

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Mark Lodwick
Identified by: Mr Mark Lodwick

Other reference numbers

Other reference: NMWPA 2019.2

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Inlaid with enamel

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Worcestershire (County)
District: Malvern Hills (District)
Parish or ward: Longdon (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SO8336
Four figure Latitude: 52.02215449
Four figure longitude: -2.24915746
1:25K map: SO8336
1:10K map: SO83NW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NMGW
Created: 5 months ago
Updated: 5 months ago

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