WAW-1A8572: Roman brooch: Polden Hill type (plan and profile).

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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Unique ID: WAW-1A8572

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete cast copper alloy Roman brooch of Colchester derivative Polden Hill (Mackreth Group 4, flat wing ends), Mackreth 2011, 4.i2. Plate 48, dating from AD 80 - 120. The brooch is incomplete due to its missing spring, pin and catch plate. The brooch is T-shaped in plan with the capped wings. The decoration on the bow comprises a number of linear raised markings which radiate out from a central vertical indentation. The reverse face is undecorated.

The brooch is of a dark green to brown colour with an abraded patina which covers all surfaces. A number of similar brooches of this type can be seen in Richard Hattatt's (2000) Visual Catalogue of Ancient Brooches; page 300. All the brooches in this section are dated to the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. Parallels can also be found on the database discovered in the Malvern Hills, Worcestershire (WAW-9C28B5) and Wychavon, Worcestershire (WAW-6AA3CC) Bayley and Butcher (2004:160) comment that the distribution of Polden Hill brooches are concentrated in the West Midlands and suggest they date to AD 80 to 120.

The brooch measures 23.45mm in length, 18.14mm width (across the wings), and weighs 4.78 grams.

Bayley and Butcher, 2004 Roman Brooches in Britain: A technological and Typological Study Based on the Richborough Collection Society of Antiquaries

Hattatt, R. (2000) A Visual Catalogue of Richard Hattatt's Ancient Brooches. Oxford, Oxbow Books.

Mackreth, D. F. 2011 Brooches in Late Iron Age and Roman Britain Volume 1 Oxford: Oxbow Books

Class: Polden Hill
Sub class: Mackreth 2011, Part 3, Group 4i2, Plate 48 AD c. 80-120

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 80
Date to: Circa AD 120

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 23.45 mm
Width: 18.14 mm
Weight: 4.78 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 24th September 2018 - Monday 24th September 2018

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Angie Bolton
Identified by: Ms Angie Bolton

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
District: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Colwall (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SO7340
Four figure Latitude: 52.05771754
Four figure longitude: -2.39520467
1:25K map: SO7340
1:10K map: SO74SW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WAW
Created: 3 months ago
Updated: 3 months ago

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