WAW-7440AD: Palaeolithic hand axe (plan, profile, plan, profile and section).

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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Unique ID: WAW-7440AD

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Lower Palaeolithic (c.800,000-180,000 BC) bifacially worked andesite tuff handaxe. It is pointed in form with a pointed oval in cross-section. The tip is truncated, the surface of the truncation matches that of the rest of the axe, so is therefore not recent. The butt is slightly pointed, but off-centre.

Both faces have covering, low angled and scalar retouch, although one lateral edge is a single abrupt face, which may be due to damage rather than design, although the surface condition and colouring matches that of the rest of the axe.

The surface of the axe shows some patination, and it has been rolled only a little.

This axe measures 159.25mm in length, 86.87mm in width, 46.73mm in thickness, and 584g in weight.

This is a struck andesite tuff handaxe of Palaeolithic date. Its form and appearance suggest a date range in the Lower Palaeolithic, c.800,000-180,000 BC. The axe was found within 1.5 km of two Lower Palaeolithic sites where handaxes have been found in situ at Waverley and Wood Farm Pits, Bubbenhall, Warwickshire (Keen, Hardaker, and Lang 2006).

Keen, D. H., Hardaker, T. and Lang, A. T. O. 2006. A Lower Palaeolithic industry from the Cromerian (MIS 13) Baginton Formation of Waverley Wood and Wood Farm Pits, Bubbenhall, Warwickshire, UK. J. Quaternary Sci., Vol. 21 pp. 457-470. ISSN 0267-8179.


Dr. Jon Radley (Warwickshire) identified the axe has being made of Cumbrian volcanic (andesite) lithology.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: National importance

Class: Pointed

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: PALAEOLITHIC
Date from: Circa 800000 BC
Date to: Circa 200000 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 159.25 mm
Width: 86.87 mm
Thickness: 46.73 mm
Weight: 584 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 1st January 1996 - Thursday 31st December 1998

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Angie Bolton
Identified by: Ms Angie Bolton

Materials and construction

Primary material: Stone
Manufacture method: Knapped/flaked
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Warwickshire (County)
District: Warwick (District)
Parish or ward: Stoneleigh (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SP3472
Four figure Latitude: 52.3450264
Four figure longitude: -1.50232844
1:25K map: SP3472
1:10K map: SP37SW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Chance find during metal detecting
General landuse: Other
Specific landuse: Other

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WAW
Created: About one month ago
Updated: About one month ago

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