SUR-4655A8: Bronze Age copper alloy arrowhead

Rights Holder: Surrey County Council
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Unique ID: SUR-4655A8

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A small Middle Bronze Age copper alloy barbed and tanged arrowhead, 20mm in length, of probable Middle - Late Bronze Age date (c. 1300 - 800 BC). The arrowhead has considerable abrasion and loss to the blade edges and tip, however it is clearly of triangular form. The cross sectional profile is flat, slightly elliptical but without a prominent midrib. The trapezoidal tang is splayed and relatively wide (6.5mm) compared to the overall width of the head (12.6mm).


The only example of this type of bronze arrowhead from a securely dated archeological context comes from the the Penard hoard (c. 1275-1140 BC) and was published in Archaeologica 71 (p. 138). At the time of its discovery it was a unique find in Britain and was presumed to be an import on the basis of a range of previous finds of bronze arrowheads recorded from Northern France. PAS recorded finds have since demonstrated that these bronze arrowheads were also a native British tradition, although they are very rare finds. Though the barbed and tanged form was used in flint from the Early Bronze Age, the Penard find suggests at least a Middle Bronze Age date for copper alloy examples such as this one which likely derive their shape from these earlier flint precursors.

Other examples on the database include SWYOR-3A2CF7, NMS-B061B6, NMS-F982A3, WMID-CE6A76, NARC-F9B223, NMS-477E93 and SF6680. This is the first recorded example from Surrey.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: County / local importance

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Period from: BRONZE AGE
Period to: BRONZE AGE
Date from: Circa 1300 BC
Date to: Circa 800 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 20 mm
Width: 12.6 mm
Thickness: 1.4 mm
Weight: 1.11 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 31st October 2017

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Simon Maslin
Identified by: Dr Simon Maslin

Other reference numbers

Other reference: 17-193

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Surrey (County)
District: Reigate and Banstead (District)
Parish or ward: Merstham (District Ward)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TQ2753
Four figure Latitude: 51.26202098
Four figure longitude: -0.18119935
1:25K map: TQ2753
1:10K map: TQ25SE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SUR
Created: About one month ago
Updated: About one month ago

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