DOR-EC4E67: Late Early Medieval to early Medieval

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BROOCH

Unique ID: DOR-EC4E67

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A copper-alloy enamel cloisonné disc brooch dating to the late 10th - 11th century. The brooch is constructed from a backplate of copper alloy sheet with the remains of six equidistant rounded lugs, only one survives with a central indetation; a copper alloy collar has been soldered onto this base plate, set within the collar is the separate cloisonné disc containing an enamel pattern, the disc has now become separated from its backplate. The pattern is marked out by copper alloy cells and comprises a four petalled flower against a blue enamelled background. The petals of the flower are infilled with two opposing white enamel oval petals and two opposing aqua marine oval petals, in the centre there is a circular cell infilled with yellow enamel. On each of the projecting lobes a small collar of copper strip would have been soldered, each would secure a glass sphere, however none of these spheres remain. The reverse of the base-plate is now flat, twin lugs would have been present which would have secured the pin but these have worn away. The pin and catch-plate are no longer present. There are also large areas of gilding remaining on the reverse and on the collar.
Two techniques of enamelling are used on these brooches, both with French names: champlevé and cloisonné. Champlevé means 'raised field', and the technique normally involves casting shallow sunken cells into the thickness of the metal, ready to be filled with enamel. Cloisonné means 'partitioned', and here the cells are made by soldering vertical cell walls to a backplate.
Objects decorated with champlevé enamel are generally cheaper, simpler objects; objects decorated with cloisonné enamel can be of the highest craftsmanship and, like the Alfred Jewel, perhaps commissioned by those of the highest social class.
Reference: Buckton (1986, 8) catalogues fifteen of these brooches, they are very similar in form and decoration. Buckton, D. 1986. Late 10th and 11th century cloisonné enamel brooches. In Medieval Archaeology Volume 30.
Date: Early Medieval (late Anglo-Saxon) - Medieval
Dimensions: 24.27 mm x 20.1 mm x 3.6 mm (backplate) 16.82 mm x 15.4 mm x 2.68 mm (central disc)
Weight: 2.9 g.

Class: Cloisonné enamelled (Weetch Type 20)
Sub class: Saunderton type (Weetch Type 20.A)

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 950
Date to: Circa AD 1100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 24.27 mm
Width: 20.1 mm
Thickness: 3.97 mm
Weight: 2.9 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mrs Lucy Bevan
Identified by: Mrs Lucy Bevan
Secondary identifier: Mr Robert Webley

Other reference numbers

Other reference: SCMS 017539

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Enamel
Manufacture method: Cast
Decoration style: Floral
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Gilded

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Dorset (County)
District: West Dorset (District)
Parish or ward: Stinsford (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SY7093
Four figure Latitude: 50.73583162
Four figure longitude: -2.42647938
1:25K map: SY7093
1:10K map: SY73NW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: DOR
Created: 6 months ago
Updated: 5 months ago

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