KENT-C54166: Iron Age linch pin

Rights Holder: Kent County Council
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Unique ID: KENT-C54166

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete cast copper-alloy and iron linch pin of late Iron Age to Roman date, c.100BC-100AD.

Description: The head and peg/shank of the linch pin remains. The head is roughly of the 'vase shaped' variety although it is roughly globular at the top with a narrow neck and semi-hemispherical base. The base has incised decoration in wavey lines mostly obscured by rust and corrosion. The apex of the linch pin head has a flared rim creating a deep trough between the rim and the domed convex head, although ware makes it a flat top. The rim has been abraded along much of its circumference. A perforation is present running through the linch pin head and would have contained an iron or copper alloy rod to hold the iron shank in place, this is now missing. The Iron shank remains, roughly circular in cross-section although it has snapped across its' mid-point. The iron shank has slipped from its' original position in the square hole at the base of the linch pin head to the point where the transverse perforation for the holding rod is visible and in fact the remains of said rod is visible in this slot. The copper-alloy head is a light green colour with substantial dark brown iron corrosion across the copper-alloy elements. The shank itself is mottled dark brown and orange.

Measurements: 59.43mm high, 28.73mm wide, 27.09mm thick (shank 17.49mm in diameter) and 121.92g in weight.

Discussion: Similar linch pins have been recorded on the PAS database. For similar examples see: LEIC-568011, NARC-37A496, YORYM-A3630E and HAMP-85DB0E. A near complete example is recorded at SF-1007C4. The latter comments that 'the difficulty in dating such objects due to their relatively long life span and prevalence at a number of locations within Britain. Iron Age linch pins have been recorded from a number of locations within Britain and appear to have a relatively long life span. Unfortunately, they are not easily datable, with the vase-headed type apparent in middle and late Iron Age contexts spanning the third century BC to the first century AD (see Hutcheson, 2004: pp. 31-32; Macgregor, 1976: pp. 49-50; Stead, 1991: pp. 44-47).' That being said Sally Worrell National Finds Advisor for Iron Age and Roman finds commenting on LEIC-568011 states that 'although they are known to date from the 4th century BC to 1st century AD, a narrower 100 BC-AD 100 date is more likely'.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: IRON AGE
Period from: IRON AGE
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa 400 BC
Date to: Circa AD 100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Height: 59.43 mm
Width: 28.73 mm
Thickness: 27.09 mm
Weight: 121.92 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Jo Ahmet
Identified by: Mr Jo Ahmet

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Iron
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Incised or engraved or chased

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Kent (County)
District: Dover (District)
Parish or ward: Alkham (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TR2442
Four figure Latitude: 51.13344218
Four figure longitude: 1.20033732
1:25K map: TR2442
1:10K map: TR24SW
Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Similar objects

Find number: HAMP-85DB0E
Object type: LINCH PIN
Broadperiod: IRON AGE
A copper alloy vase-headed linch pin terminal of later Iron Age to Roman date (c.100 BC - AD 100), with traces of the corroded iron shank rem…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: SF-F0F267
Object type: LINCH PIN
Broadperiod: IRON AGE
An incomplete Iron Age linch pin of vase-headed type. This example has a cast copper alloy head with a flat top and part of an iron shank that…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: SF-1007C4
Object type: LINCH PIN
Broadperiod: IRON AGE
A near complete vase headed linch pin of later Iron Age to Roman date. It has damage to the edges of the head and foot, as well as only parti…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: KENT
Created: 2 months ago
Updated: 2 months ago

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