KENT-032C0A: Iron Age Coin assemblage

Rights Holder: Kent County Council
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COIN HOARD

Unique ID: KENT-032C0A

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Coin hoard made up of KENT-7C7FB8, KENT-364FF3, KENT-36A2BC, KENT-3714DA, KENT-3764EE, KENT-384010, KENT-38A645, KENT-3918FD

Eight Iron Age coins (2 gold, 1 silver and 5 copper alloy) found in the same area dating between c.80BC - AD40. No dates of discovery were provided but the first coin was reported and returned to the finder before the others came to light and it has been assumed to here to have been found prior to these.

Finder 1 -

Coin 1 - KENT-7C7FB8 - An uninscribed gold quarter stater coin of a Gallo-Belgic type attributed to the Morini of the modern day Pas-de-Calais, minted between c.80-60BC.

Gallo-Belgic D (Scheers class IV), ABC 43, VA 69-3.

Obverse: Blank, with traces of obliterated design on die.

Reverse: Tree-like object.

Measurements: 12.92mm in diameter, 2.21mm thick and 1.44g in weight.

Finder 2 -

Coin 2 - KENT-364FF3 - An Iron Age Gallo-Belgic uninscribed gold stater of the Ambiani. Of 'Gallic War Uniface' type, c.60-50 BC.

Gallo-Belgic E (Scheers class III), ABC 16; VA 50-56.

Obverse: Blank

Reverse: Horse, right.

Measurements: 17.78mm in diameter, 3.33mm thick and 6.09g in weight.

Coin 3 - KENT-3918FD - A deliberately cut half of an uninscribed Eastern British Iron Age silver unit of the North Thames and Kent region / Catuvellauni, attributed to Tasciovanus, dating to the period c.20 BC - AD 10, 'Tasciovanos Regal Rider' type.

ABC 2625, VA 1747, BMC 1674-76

Obverse: Legend on plain field in pellet border. Legend: '[VER]'

Reverse: Horseman right wearing hat with two streamers.

Measurements: 11.63mm original diameter, 1.8mm thick and 0.36g in weight.

Coin 4 - KENT-36A2BC - An inscribed British Iron Age copper-alloy unit of Epillus of the Kent region, dating to the period 20BC - AD 10, 'Epillus Bull and Eagle' type.

ABC, 411; BMC 1139-1141.

Obverse: A butting bull right. Legend: "EPPIL / [COF]'.

Reverse: A spread eagle standing, head right.

Measurements: 16.07mm in diameter, 2.05mm thick and 1.49g in weight.

Coin 5 - KENT-3714DA - An inscribed British Iron Age copper-alloy unit of Dubnovellaunos, of the Kent region c. 20 BC- AD 10. Dubnovellaunos Lion box type,

ABC 342, VA 166, BMC 2504-06.

Obverse: Horse leaping r, head turned back. Legend: 'DV' below.

Reverse: Lion, left. Legend: DVBN in box below.

Measurements: 13.66mm in diameter, 3.40mm thick and 2.41g in weight.

Coin 6 - KENT-3764EE - An uninscribed Eastern British Iron Age copper-alloy unit of the North Thames and Kent region / Catuvellauni, attributed to Tasciovanus, dating to the period c.20 BC - AD 10, 'Tasciovanos Bull' type.

ABC 2682. Not in BM.

Obverse: Geometric pattern forming eight-pointed star around central pellet and annulet. Pellets in arcs between points and wreath border.

Reverse: Bull, left, annulet above.

Measurements: 13.95mm in diameter, 1.96mm thick and 1.61g in weight.

Coin 7 - KENT-384010 An inscribed Eastern British Iron Age copper-alloy unit of Cunobelin. North Thames and Kent region / Catuvellauni and Trinovantes (AD 10-40) 'Cunobelinus stepping Horse' type.

ABC 2975, BMC 1987-90. Mack 250. VA 2101.

Obverse: Legend in 'tablet'/box in double wreath. Legend: 'CVNO'.

Reverse: Horse stepping right. Legend: '[CAMV]'.

Measurements: 15.44mm in diameter, 2.5mm thick and 2.06g in weight.

Coin 8 - KENT-38A645 - An inscribed Eastern British Iron Age copper-alloy unit of Cunobelin. North Thames and Kent region / Catuvellauni and Trinovantes (AD 10-40), Cunobelinus Pegasus Victory Left type.

ABC 2921, VA 1973 and BMC 1938-1941.

Obverse: Pegasus left with head turned looking back. Legend: [CA]M below . Reverse: Victory standing left. Legend: [CVN] in front.

Measurements: 16.28mm in diameter, 2.48mm thick and 2.07g in weight.

Discussion: Small groups of Iron age coins are common treasure finds in Kent from base metal potin hoards such as 2017 T132 (KENT-A07E23), 2017T606 (KENT-588B4F) and 2011T585 (KENT-B3CDF1) to precious metal ΒΌ stater KENT-B2A43E (2016T78) and stater hoards KENT-5C6512 (2016T993). That being said Iron Age coin finds from sites in Kent are not uncommon (though potins dominate the recorded site assemblages and gold coins are rare), and such a spread across such a wide chronological span would not be unusual. The site is within close geographical distance to a supposed Roman votive site, Anglo-Saxon cemetery (Kent HER TR 25 SW 56) and substantial Bronze Age (TR 25 SW 60) and Early-Medieval Barrow cemetery (TR 25 SW 1).

The first coin, no. 1 was found as an isolated find and as such cannot retrospectively be considered to be Treasure under the Treasure Act. However, this coin was found c. 85m away from the group of silver and copper alloy coins no. 3 to 8 and these were found c. 130m away from the second gold coin no. 2. From their date, coins 3 to 8 would seem to form a discrete group that are likely to have been deposited together. The eight coins come from the same area of a large field that was previously two separate fields and no other coins or artefacts have been reported from the surrounding fields. There are precedents for coin hoards being dispersed some distance by the plough but equally, sequential deposition over a period of time in a more dispersed area is a characteristic of ritualised deposition at Iron Age and early Roman sites.

Conclusion:

Given that the coins were found in reasonably close proximity to each other suggests that they might represent two separate episodes of deposition at the same site, perhaps with a religious or ritual purpose (continued activity of this sort being commonly seen on Iron Age and early Roman sites). In this scenario, the coins 2 to 8 would qualify as Treasure, being two precious metal coins of the same find (and associated base metal coins). In addition, there is no evidence to suggest that the practice of cutting coins to create sub-divisions of denominations occurred in the Iron Age and it is likely that the cut silver coin (no. 3) was deliberately modified prior to deposition, making it potential Treasure under the Treasure Act 1996.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2018T841

Chronology

Broad period: IRON AGE
Period from: IRON AGE
Period to: IRON AGE

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 8

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Jo Ahmet
Identified by: Mr Jo Ahmet
Secondary identifier: Dr Eleanor Ghey

Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2018T841

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Gold
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Kent (County)
District: Canterbury (District)
To be known as: Adisham

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: GPS (From FLO)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Audit data

Recording Institution: KENT
Created: 2 months ago
Updated: About one month ago

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