NLM-1C5EE7: Early Medieval Weight or Playing Piece

Rights Holder: North Lincolnshire Museum
CC License:

Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).


Unique ID: NLM-1C5EE7

Object type certainty: Probably
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Lead probable weight. Cast flat-based cylindrical weight with a rounded or domed top; lightly indented, patinated overall. The sides appear lightly facetted or indented. The mass might suggest this to have represented 16 [slightly overweight] units of 4.07gms, as used for silver bullion transactions in Viking period Scandinavia, though the correspondence is less exact than is usually deemed necessary for a firm ascription to the period. The object may alternatively have served as a playing piece for a board game such as Hnafetafl - the same object might of course serve both purposes, especially if games were being played for stakes rather than as a simple pastime. Suggested date: Early Medieval, 850-950.

Diameter: 23.9mm, Height: 19.7mm, Weight: 66.98gms


The subject of Viking Age metrology is discussed for Flixborough, North Lincolnshire by Wastling 2009 (Wastling, L.M., 'Lead and lead alloy mensuration weights', in Evans, D.H. and Loveluck, C., Life and Economy at Early Flixborough c.AD600-1000, Excavations at Flixborough volume 2, Oxbow, Oxford and Oakville, pages 422-424). Wastling draws on Wallace 1987 for weights from Dublin using a module of 4.43gms (Wallace, P.F. 'The Economy and Commerce of Viking Age Dublin', in K. Duwel et al, Untersuchengen zu Handel und Verkher der vor- und fruhgeschichtlichen Zeit in Mittel- und Nordeuropoa, Teil IV. Der Handel der Karolingerund Wikingerzeit, Gottingen), and on Kruse (1988, 1992) for weights of a more general Scandinavian currency using a module of 4.07gms (Kruse, S. 1988, 'Ingots and Weights in Viking Age Silver Hoards', World Archaeology 20, 265-381; Kruse, S. 1992, 'Late Saxon Balances and Weights from England', Medieval Archaeology 36, 67-95). Kruse bases calculations on Nielsen 1983, on Hedeby, to arrive at the figure of 4.07gms (Nielsen, H-O, 1983, 'Rontgenologische und metrische Untersuchungen an zwei Kugel-Gewichtssatzen aus Haithabu', Berichte uber die Ausgrabungen in Haithabu 18, 109-120, Neumunster). These details were requested by Helen Geake, though this reporter regrets his lack of facility with the imposition of appropriate accents for the Continental sources cited by Wastling. These appear in their proper form in the bibliography of the Flixborough volume.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Subperiod to: Late
Ascribed Culture: Viking
Date from: Circa AD 850
Date to: Circa AD 950

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Height: 19.7 mm
Weight: 66.98 g
Diameter: 23.9 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Wednesday 12th September 2018

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Martin Foreman
Identified by: Mr Martin Foreman

Other reference numbers

Other reference: NLM40513

Materials and construction

Primary material: Lead
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: East Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Lincolnshire (County)
District: West Lindsey (District)
To be known as: Keelby

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: Centred on field
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

Similar objects

Find number: NLM-6A1A61
Object type: WEIGHT
Broadperiod: UNKNOWN
Lead possible Weight. Cast plano-convex or conical object with an off-centre (at the top, though not at the base) moulded longitudinal apertu…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: NLM-B9350A
Object type: GAMING PIECE
Lead and copper alloy game piece. Cast waisted conical or onion-shaped game piece. A small hollow tube of external diameter 4.7mm is set cent…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: NLM-CC35E6
Object type: WEIGHT
Broadperiod: UNKNOWN
Lead Weight. Cast conical weight with a foot ring 3mm high and a moulded central hole tapering in its diameter from 8.5mm to 3.5mm. The outsi…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NLM
Created: 26 days ago
Updated: 25 days ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.