LON-9C8A61: An incomplete Roman ceramic Lowther's Group 1 and Betts Die 3, relief-patterned flue-tile dating from AD 150-200.

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TILE

Unique ID: LON-9C8A61

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete Roman ceramic Lowther's Group 1 and Betts Die 3, relief-patterned flue-tile dating from AD 150-200. A similar tile is illustrated in Betts et al (1997:53 Fig.27a). The front is decorated with relief-patterned rolled design in the "W. Chevron" group style. Betts writes "Keyed with wooden rollers applied when the clay was still damp, before they were put into the kiln to fire. This was added so the tiles could be more firmly mortared into place." The fabric is fully oxidised and red throughout. The interior side is blackened probably due to its proximity to a heat or fire. Betts et al (1997:66) write "At Calverts Buildings, Southwark the earliest specimen was found associated with the robbing of a building constructed in 150-200 and demolished by the late 3 or 4 cent."

McComish (2015:12) writes "Box flues (tubuli) are hollow rectangular or square cross-sectioned tiles, with sanded interior surfaces, and they have vents in two opposing sides, while the other two sides are usually keyed. The keying can be incised, finger drawn, combed, or relief-patterned. There is no standard size for box flue tiles nationally (ibid., 74). Box flues were made by wrapping a slab of clay around a sanded former then joining the edges of the clay together with a single seam, and the vents were cut out after the tile was removed from the former (Rudling et al. 1986, 204)."

Dimensions: length: 73.39mm; width: 64mm; thickness: 18.32mm; weight: 103.28g.

Betts et al (1997:52) write "London still has the biggest concentration of individual examples and different die patterns, and it is the tile kilns located near London, such as Ashtead, Surry, Brockley Hill, Middlesex and Potters Bar, Hertfordshire, which probably formed the chief production centres for the manufacture of relief-patterned tile in south-east England."

Other box flue-tiles on the database are LON-6D895E, PUBLIC-29D515 and LON-1582B3.

Reference: Betts I., Black E. W.A and Gower J. 1997. Journal of Roman Pottery Studies Vol. 7. Corpus of Relief-Patterned Tiles in Roman Britain. Oxbow books, Oxford

McComish J.M., 2015. A Guide to Ceramic Building Materials. Report Number 2015/36, York Archaeological Trust.

Class: Relief-Patterned Flue-Tile
Sub class: Lowther Group 1 "W. Chevron", Betts Die 3

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: ROMAN
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 150
Date to: Circa AD 200

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Stuart Wyatt
Identified by: Mr Stuart Wyatt

Materials and construction

Primary material: Ceramic
Manufacture method: Hand made
Completeness: Fragment

Spatial metadata

Region: London (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Greater London Authority (Greater London Authority)
District: Tower Hamlets (London Borough)
Parish or ward: St. Katharine's and Wapping (London Borough Ward)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TQ3380
Four figure Latitude: 51.50329348
Four figure longitude: -0.08515568
1:25K map: TQ3380
1:10K map: TQ38SW
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Fieldwalking
General landuse: Open fresh water
Specific landuse: Running water

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LON
Created: 30 days ago
Updated: 28 days ago

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